Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) на платформе Web of Science

  • Methods For Reducing Welding Stresses In Tank Structures
  • UDC 624.953:691.791.011
    doi: 10.33622/0869-7019.2023.02.29-36
    Mikhail G. KARAVAYCHENKO1,2,
    Alexey P. LETUNOVSKIY3,
    Fedor E. DOROSHENKO4,
    1 Neftemontazdiagnostika, Ufimskoe shosse, 13a, Ufa 450104, Russian Federation
    2 Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, ul. Kosmonavtov, 1, Ufa 450064, Russian Federation
    3 Magnit plus, Naberezhnaya Obvodnogo kanala, 223, Saint Petersburg 190020, Russian Federation
    4 Melnikov Central Research and Design Institute of Steel Structures, ul. Architectora Vlasova, 49, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Regulatory documents for the construction of large vertical steel tanks contain a requirement for the need to perform heat treatment of large-sized structural units of manhole inserts and branch pipes in the wall sheets. This technological operation requires high costs and, at the same time, it is characterized by a number of disadvantages. In addition, there are stressed nodes in the tanks, for stress relief in which it is almost impossible to use heat treatment. It is proposed to use alternative methods of reducing residual welding stresses in the manufacture and installation of tanks, as well as to apply welding technologies that ensure a low level of residual stresses. The experience of using ultrasonic shock treatment and low-frequency vibration treatment of various types of welded structures is described. Specially developed welding technologies that ensure a low level of residual stresses without heat treatment must be certified with the measurement of the actual residual welding stresses in the welded joints of the corresponding structural units of the tanks. The certificate of attestation of such a technology should indicate the area of its distribution by steel strength classes, thicknesses of welded elements and types of welded joints. Proposals have been developed for adjusting regulatory documents aimed at improving the reliability and durability of vertical steel tanks.
    Keywords: vertical steel tanks, welding stresses, heat treatment, ultrasonic shock treatment, low-frequency vibration treatment
    1. Nikolaev G. A., Kurkin S. A., Vinokurov V. A. Svarnye konstruktsii. Prochnost' svarnykh soedineniy i deformatsii konstruktsiy [Welded structures. The strength of welded joints and deformations of structures]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ., 1982. 272 p. (In Russ.).
    2. Vinokurov V. A., Grigor'yants A. G. Teoriya svarochnykh deformatsiy i napryazheniy [Theory of welding deformations and stresses]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1984. 280 p. (In Russ.).
    3. Grigor'yants A. G., Shiganov I. N., Misyurov A. I. et al. Technologies of low-frequency vibration treatment of welded structures in mechanical engineering. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo, 2014, no. 6, pp. 19-23. (In Russ.).
    4. Letunovskiy A. P., Antonov A. A., Steklov O. I. Removal of technological residual stresses in metal structures by low-frequency vibration treatment. Zagotovitel'nye proizvodstva v mashinostroenii, 2012, no. 8, pp. 12-16. (In Russ.).
    5. Antonov A. A., Letunovskiy A. P. Reduction of residual welding stresses by ultrasonic shock treatment. Truboprovodnyy transport: teoriya i praktika, 2012, no. 2, pp. 21-26. (In Russ.).
    6. Antonov A. A., Steklov O. I., Antonov A. A., Sidorin Yu. V. Investigation of technological residual stresses in welded joints of trunk pipelines. Zagotovitel'nye proizvodstva v mashinostroenii, 2012, no. 3, pp. 13-19. (In Russ.).
    7. Livshits L. S., Khakimov A. N. Metallovedenie svarki i termicheskaya obrabot-ka svarnykh soedineniy [Metallology welding and heat treatment of welded joints]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1989. 336 p. (In Russ.).
    8. Statnikov E. Sh. Technology of ultrasonic shock treatment as a means of increased reliability and durability of welded metal structures. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo, 2003, no. 4, pp. 25-29. (In Russ.).
    9. Andreev V. Ultrasonic shock treatment as a method of increasing the durability of welded joints. Oborudovanie, 2006, no. 3, pp. 32-33. (In Russ.).
    10. Patent RF 2444423. Sposob snyatiya ostatochnykh svarochnykh napryazheniy v svarnykh soedineniyakh stykov trub [A method for removing residual welding stresses in welded joints of pipe joints]. Sidorov M. M., Golikov N. I., Ammosov A. P. Publ. 10.03.2012. (In Russ.).
    11. Golikov N. I. Sidorov M. M. Semenov S. V. Investigation of the impact of shock treatment on the mechanical properties of welded pipe joints. Trudy VI Evraziyskogo simpoziuma po problemam prochnosti materialov i mashin dlya regionov kholodnogo klimata [Proc. of the VI Eurasian Symposium on the problems of strength of materials and machines for cold climate regions]. Vol. 2. Yakutsk, Media-kholding Yakutiya Publ., 2013, pp. 74-75. (In Russ.).
    12. Doroshenko F. E., Fufaev S. V., Vasil'kin A. A Residual stresses and problems of increasing the reliability and durability of vertical cylindrical tanks. Montazhnye i spetsial'nye raboty v stroitel'stve, 2007, no. 6, pp. 2-6. (In Russ.).
    13. Lashchenko G. I. Technological possibilities of vibration processing of welded structures (review). Avtomaticheskaya svarka, 2016, no. 7(754), pp. 28-34. (In Russ.).
    14. Tsvetkov A. S., Solntsev Yu. P. The influence of low-frequency vibration treatment on the mechanical properties and internal stresses of the metal of welded joints of structural steels. Izvestiya vuzov. Chernaya metallurgiya, 2008, no. 7, pp. 39-41. (In Russ.).
    15. Tsvetkov A. S., Solntsev Yu. P The effects of low-frequency vibration treatment and thermal annealing temperature on the level of internal stresses in the welded joint zone of structural steels. Deformatsiya i razrushenie materialov, 2008, no. 8, pp. 45-48. (In Russ.).
    16. Doroshenko F. E. Features of extending the life of RVSPK 50000 tanks. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2006, no. 6, pp. 17-18. (In Russ.).
    17. Steklov O. I., Sorokin V. N., Antonov A. A., V. V. Golikov. Determination of the remaining welding stresses in the annular seams of thick-walled pipes of strength category K65 (X80). Svarochnoe proizvodstvo, 2010, no. 5, pp. 11-15. (In Russ.).
    18. Ponomarev K. E., Strel'nikov I. V., Antonov A. A., Bondarenko A. A. Application of the laser interferometry method for the selection of vibration treatment modes according to the criterion of the level of residual stresses. Zavodskaya laboratoriya. Diagnostika materialov, 2020, vol. 86(2), pp. 54-60. (In Russ.).
    19. Makarov G. I., Antonov A. A. Method of laser interferometry for assessing the level of residual welding stresses in welded main pipelines. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo, 2018, no. 1, pp. 38-42. (In Russ.).
    20. Patent RF 2378558. Sposob predotvrashcheniya razrusheniya truboprovodov v zonakh kontsentratsii mekhanicheskikh napryazheniy [A method for preventing the destruction of pipelines in areas of concentration of mechanical stresses]. Shestakov S. D., Gorodishchenskiy P. A., Lyashchenko A. V. Publ. 10.01.2010. (In Russ.).
  • For citation: Karavaychenko M. G., Letunovskiy A. P., Doroshenko F. E. Methods for Reducing Welding Stresses in Tank Structures. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2023, no. 2, pp. 29-36. (In Russ.). doi: 10.33622/0869-7019.2023.02.29-36