Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • Safe Demolition Of Damaged Buildings In Areas Of Natural Disasters And Man-Made Disasters
  • UDC 624.046.5 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2021.06.13-18
    Victor T. FEDOROV, e-mail:
    Concern "Nanoindustry", ul. Bardina, 4, korp. 1, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation
    Muhamed N. KOKOEV, e-mail:
    Kabbalkagropromstroy, prospekt Kulieva, 10, Nalchik 360030, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of demolition of emergency buildings in areas of natural disasters and major man-made accidents, as well as clearing the territory for new construction. The use of industrial explosives for the collapse of emergency buildings is time-consuming and dangerous, and requires a lot of time, since it is necessary to make a lot of holes for laying charges in the walls of an emergency building. In addition, the use of explosives involves special rules for their transportation, storage and accounting. In this regard, a technology has been proposed that would make it possible to demolish emergency buildings and structures with a minimum of equipment and without the delivery of heavy equipment. The method of collapse of emergency buildings with the help of local volumetric explosions of a gas-air mixture is considered, the technical details of this method are described. It is shown that there are various options for placing shells with a gas-air mixture for optimal collapse of emergency buildings in accordance with the task. The use of gaseous hydrocarbon energy carriers will make it possible to reduce the labor intensity and cost of the collapse of emergency buildings and significantly increase the safety of work.
    Key words: natural disasters, technogenic catastrophes, demolition of damaged buildings, gas-air mixtures, antistatic polymer shell, local volumetric explosion.
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  • For citation: Fedorov V. T., Kokoev M. N. Safe Demolition of Damaged Buildings in Areas of Natural Disasters and Man-Made Disasters. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2021, no. 6, pp. 13-18. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2021.06.13-18.