Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • On The Need To Take Into Account The Anisotropy Of Impact Toughness In Engineering Practice
  • UDC 621.789.14 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.10.39-47
    Vitaliy M. GORITSKIY, e-mail:
    Georgy R. SHNEYDEROV, e-mail:
    Melnikov Central Research and Design Institute of Steel Structures, ul. Arkhitektora Vlasova, 49, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The article deals with the influence of the chemical composition and structural factors (pearlite, inclusions of various compositions) on the anisotropy coefficient of the impact toughness, determined by the ratio of the impact toughness along the rolled product to the impact toughness across the rolled products. The relationship of values of this coefficient with the appearance of the fraction of the viscous component the on the dependence of impact strength across the rolled product in the fracture, fracture, indicating the action of the first stage of low-energy mechanism of destruction of a shift in the area of the incision was investigated. The features of microcrack formation in the zone of influence of the welded joint are considered in detail. Using the criteria of the critical brittleness temperature, the results of the influence of the impact anisotropy coefficient on the degree of embrittlement of transverse samples relative to longitudinal ones are presented. Structural factors that determine the degree of embrittlement of structural steels after controlled rolling and thermomechanical processing are indicated. A classification of structural steels according to the level of isotropy of their impact strength is proposed, which provides conditions for improving the mechanical safety of welded structures.
    Key words: sheet products, impact toughness anisotropy coefficient, critical brittleness temperature, non-metallic inclusions, ferrite-pearlite steels, high-strength steels, structure.
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  • For citation: Goritskiy V. M., Shneyderov G. R. On the Need to Take into Account the Anisotropy of Impact Toughness in Engineering Practice. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2020, no. 10, pp. 39-47. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.10.39-47.