Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) на платформе Web of Science
  • Calculation Justification Of Energy Dissipators For Spillways Of Hydraulic Structures
  • UDC 532.517.2 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.09.65-72
    Genrikh V. OREKHOV, e-mail:
    Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Methods of dissipating the kinetic energy of spilled flows and their effect on the design of the spillway systems of hydraulic structures are analyzed. It is indicated that there are different kinds of such systems whose designs depend on the type of waterworks, topographic and geological characteristics, as well as on the layout and composition of structures. The purpose of the study is to formulate an approach to determining the main hydraulic parameters and assign the geometric characteristics of hydraulic spillway systems whose operation is based on the use of interacting oppositely swirled (counter-vortex) flows is outlined. Hydraulic parameters were found using flow modeling. The scheme of the model installation is presented and its main geometric and hydraulic characteristics are given: the flow rate and operating head. Schematically shown is the design of a cylindrical local swirler for forming the initial swirling flows. The results of model studies are analyzed: the flow rate depending on the head and Reynolds number, the coefficients of flow energy dissipation and hydraulic resistance depending on the value of vacuum in the axial area of the flow. A simplified algorithm for the hydraulic calculation of the counter-vortex flow kinetic energy dissipator is proposed. It is found that the interacting flows almost completely suppress each other's swirl. This process is very intensive, since the mixing chamber with a length of only six its diameters turned out to be quite sufficient for its completion. It is emphasized that the intensity of energy dissipation is associated with the amount of vacuum in the axial flow zone and the intensity of air supply to the interaction zone of the swirled layers.
    Key words: hydraulic engineering, spillway systems, methods of flow kinetic energy dissipation, swirled flows, hydraulic characteristics, modeling of hydraulic phenomena, fluid flow rate, head.
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  • For citation: Orekhov G. V. Calculation Justification of Energy Dissipators for Spillways of Hydraulic Structures. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2020, no. 9, pp. 65-72. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.09.65-72.