Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • Anti-Karst Protection And The Signs Preceding A Collapse Sinkhole's Formation
  • UDC 699.8:551.448 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.09.54-58
    Victor P. KHOMENKO, e-mail:
    Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Vadim S. KRASHENINNIKOV, e-mail:
    Research and Production Company "Special Survey for High-Rise Construction", ul. Architectora Vlasova, 45A, Moscow 117393, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Ensuring trouble-free operation of industrial, civil and other types of construction projects built on karst-prone territories is one of the most important technical tasks of our time. The article describes the principles of rational choice of methods for engineering protection of construction objects located on karst-hazardous areas, where signs of sinkhole formation preparation were found during engineering and geological surveys. These signs are: buried sinkholes; zones of suffosional deconsolidation of cohesionless soils covering soluble rocks; zones of weakening of disperse soils over karst cavities, and also the presence of non-colmated cavities in soluble rocks. Expediency and efficiency of different kinds of anti-karst protection technics, put into Russian and foreign practice in these settings, are considered in succession. It is noted that it is necessary to take into account the signs of karst sinkhole preparation when prescribing anti-karst measures. The practical significance of such accounting is that it makes it possible to avoid serious engineering errors that are sometimes made during the design or implementation of anti-karst protection.
    Key words: karst, signs of collapse sinkhole's formation, site investigations, anti-karst protection.
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  • For citation: Khomenko V. P., Krasheninnikov V. S. Anti-Karst Protection and the Signs Preceding a Collapse Sinkhole's Formation. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2020, no. 9, pp. 54-58. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.09.54-58.