Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) на платформе Web of Science

  • Alternative Heat Supply For Northern Settlements Of Urban Type
  • UDC 697.7:621.311 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.08.65-73
    Victor T. FEDOROV, e-mail:
    Concern "Nanoindustry", ul. Bardina, 4, korp. 1, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation
    Muhamed N. KOKOEV, e-mail:
    Kabardino-Balkar State University named after H. M. Berbekov, ul. Chernyshevskogo, 173, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Nalchik 360004, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The article is devoted to alternative methods of heat supply to consumers using wind power plants. the characteristic of regions with extreme climatic conditions where they can be used is presented. A comparison of wind power installations with horizontal and vertical axes of rotation is given, their weak and strong sides are highlighted. A cogeneration wind-driven plant was developed for parallel operation with local boiler houses. This will increase the reliability of heat supply and reduce fuel consumption. Depending on the size of the village, the wind rose and terrain relief, there may be several cogeneration wind-driven plants per one village each. A mandatory requirement for this plant is its modular structure making it possible to transport modules on ordinary vehicles. The cost of a unit of heat generated by the cogeneration wind-driven plant for heating and hot water supply can be significantly reduced. To achieve this, it is necessary to use a wind turbine with a vertical axis of rotation, simplify its design, use mass produced parts and components taken from other industries, and refuse to generate the necessarily conditioned electricity. Another option is to abandon even a simple electric generator, using direct conversion of mechanical energy into heat. For effective thermal insulation of the heating pipeline between the installation and the boiler room, it is possible to use evacuated powder insulation. For the purpose of technical and economic evaluation of proposals, it is desirable to conduct additional research work.
    Key words: alternative heat supply, Northern urban-type settlement, cogeneration wind-driven plant, wind turbine with vertical axis of rotation, vacuum-powder thermal insulation.
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  • For citation: Fedorov V. T., Kokoev M. N. Alternative Heat Supply for Northern Settlements of Urban Type. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2020, no. 8, pp. 65-73. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.08.65-73.