- FIRE AND INDUSTRIAL SAFETY
- Fire Regulation In Russia. Problems And Ways Of Development (In Order Of Discussion)
- UDC 699.814 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.07.58-68
Evgenii Yu. POLISHCHUK, e-mail: email@example.com
National Roofers Union, Nevskii prospect 153, ap. 86, Saint-Petersburg 191167, Russian Federation
Evgenii A. MESHALKIN, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Federal Chamber of Fire and Rescue Industry, Rusakovskaya, 28, corp. 1a, Moscow 107014, Russian Federation
Galina I. BOLODIAN, e-mail: email@example.com
Federal State-Financed Establishment "All-Russian Research Institute for Fire Protection of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters", dpt. VNIIPO, 12, Balashiha, Moscow region 143903, Russian Federation
Abstract. The article discusses the state of the fire safety system in the Russian Federation, the goals and objectives of its functioning, as well as ways to overcome the current situation. It is noted that our country for at least 40 recent years, regardless of the form of socio-economic system and the state system of technical regulation in the field of fire safety, is a leader in terms of death of people in fires when the number of fires 3-5 times lower compared to developed countries. A significant number of regulatory requirements for fire safety at the design and construction stages do not have a feasibility study, and are largely functionally redundant. The performance of fire protection systems (fire detection, automatic fire extinguishing, smoke ventilation) is not provided at the required level, in many cases they do not perform the set task, which leads to resonant fires with tragic consequences. A rational structure for fire safety is proposed. The role of using technologically efficient building materials and fire-resistant structural solutions designed to significantly limit the development of fire and minimize the relevant regulatory requirements is considered. Attention is drawn to their special importance for the introduction of effective thermal insulation materials for roofs or coatings of buildings and structures, which makes it possible to ensure fire safety, as well as significantly increase their energy efficiency and the level of thermal protection.
Key words: fire safety, regulatory requirements, principles of functioning, designing, construction, exploitation, life protection, fire insurance.
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- For citation: Polishchuk E. Yu., Meshalkin E. A., Bolodian G. I. Fire Regulation in Russia. Problems and Ways of Development (In Order of Discussion). Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2020, no. 7, pp. 58-68. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2020.07.58-68.