Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • BUILDING MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS
  • Study Of Structure Formation Of Organic-Mineral Compositions With Fibrous Filler By Electron Microscopy Method
  • 691.54:691.15:691:620.18 DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2019.12.41-47
    Irina L. CHULKOVA1, e-mail: chulkova_il@ sibadi.org
    Igor A. SELIVANOV2, e-mail: igoralk@rambler.ru
    Vera D. GALDINA1, e-mail: ver.galdina@yandex.ru
    1 Siberian State Automobile and Highway University, Prospekt Mira, 5, Omsk 644080, Russian Federation
    2 Limited liability ompany "Proektventstroy", ul. Vologdina, 4a, Permskiy kray, Ocher 617140, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The article presents the study of processes of structure formation of cement stone and products of hardening of organic-mineral compositions with fibrous filler (shavings) by the electronic scanning microscopy method. It is established that the additive-free cement stone at the age of 28 days has a dense and homogeneous structure, consists of calcium hydro-silicates, Portlandite and calcite - newgrowths characteristic for cement systems. Cellulose fibers, which make up the bulk of the substance of shavings, are sufficiently active, which determines the high adhesion of the hydration products of the cement binder to their surface. It is shown that the introduction of shavings into the organo-mineral composition leads to inhibition of cement hydration processes. Organo-mineral compositions with different shavings content (two compositions) were analyzed. The first composition is characterized by a fairly dense structure, the cement stone consists of globular nanoscale nuclei of hydrosilicates, Portlandite and calcite. The second composition has a loose porous structure, cement stone consists of non-hydrated cement grains, newgrowths are represented by calcite and vaterite. The structure of the contact zone "osprey fiber-cement stone" in the organo-mineral composition of the first composition indicates a good adhesion of the filler surface with the phases of hydrated cement. The use of shavings as a fibrous filler (the first composition) increases the tensile and bending strength, as well as the wear resistance of organo-mineral compositions. The data obtained by scanning electron microscopy are confirmed by the results of studying the processes of structure formation of cement stone by quantitative x-ray phase analysis.
    Key words: structure formation of organic-mineral compositions, fiber filler (shavings), cement stone, electron microscopy method.
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  • For citation: Chulkova I. L., Selivanov I. A., Galdina V. D. Study of Structure Formation of Organic-Mineral Compositions with Fibrous Filler by Electron Microscopy Method. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2019, no. 12, pp. 41-47. (In Russian). DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019.2019.12.41-47.


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