Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • WATER SUPPLY, CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS OF WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION
  • Bank Protection Structures of the Cascade of Water Reservoirs of the Vilia-Minsk Water System
  • UDC 519.216.3:627.8
    Victor E. LEVKEVICH, e-mail: eco2014@tut.by
    Belarusian National Technical University, Nezavisimosti prosp., 65, korp. 1, Minsk 220013, Republic of Belarus
    Abstract. The data of field studies of shore protection structures in the reservoirs of the Vilia-Minsk water system are given, the current state of various types of fastenings is assessed with the reasons for their destruction and the extent of deformation. The article presents the results of field observations of coastal shelter-type structures. It is shown that the most common anchorages of banks and slopes is to protect the surface of slopes in the form of reinforced monolithic or precast slabs. It is determined that the deformations of the slope anchorages are most often represented by the opening of inter-tile construction, temperature and sedimentary seams (the opening width is registered to 0.35 m) which develop under the complex influence of wind waves, fluctuations in levels and other factors. Subsequently, the deformation of the exposed seams lead to the destruction of the attachment. Experimentally, on the basis of physical modeling of deformations of slopes made in the hydrotechnical laboratory of the Belarusian National University on models of soil supporting structures protected by reinforced concrete fastening, it was established that as a result of opening the seams of the plates, the sand-gravel preparation and the formation of sinuses and niches in the body of the support structure occur , which leads to significant processing of the ground slope. The coastal protection structures of the active type in the form of laid and beach slopes are considered. The dependencies on the calculation of slope deformations are obtained on the basis of a generalization of the data of field observations.
    Key words: reservoir, cascade, water system, coast, slope, types of mounting slope, deformation, abrasion, processing, bank protection, dynamic balance profile, linear coastal retreat, volume erosion.
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  • For citation: Levkevich V. E. Bank Protection Structures of the Cascade of Water Reservoirs of the Vilia-Minsk Water System. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2019, no. 1, pp. 48-58. (In Russian).


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