Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) на платформе Web of Science

  • Covering Design over Stadiums Tribunes of "A Bicycle Wheel" Type
  • UDC 624.014.2
    Pavel G. YEREMEYEV, e-mail:
    JSC Research Center of Construction, Research Institute of Building Constructions (TSNIISK) named after V. A. Koucherenko, 2-ya Institutskaya ul., 6, Moscow 109428, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Bearing structures of large-span coverings over tribunes of stadiums of "a bicycle wheel" type are considered. The list of sports facilities with application of such structures is given. The principle of the structure operation, its advantages and disadvantages are described; a comparison of a body weight of a traditional console design of coverings over tribunes of stadiums and the construction of "a bicycle wheel" type is made. The main variants of the structural forms of the system considered and the schematic diagrams of the static operation of the structure and the individual elements that make up this system are presented. Features of the calculation of designs of coverings of "a bicycle wheel" type are reflected. The issues of ensuring the stability of the coating structure, the perception of wind and seismic loads (at their presence), as well as temperature effects are analyzed. The most rational roofing solutions are given. The basic issues of manufacturing and installation of coverings, requirements to materials applied, first of all to ropes, are considered. The sequence of the installation of the cable roof of a "bicycle wheel" type is described. Examples of stadiums built in Russia with the use of a "bicycle wheel" type structures are given.
    Key words: coverings of "bicycle wheel" type, structural forms, tribunes of stadiums, static operation of structure, cable truss.
    1. Boom I. Tensile-compression ring: A study for football stadia roof structures [Растянуто-сжатое кольцо: исследования конструкций покрытий футбольных стадионов]. Delft University of Technology. 2012, 320 p.
    2. Gonzalez Quelle I. Cable roofs. Evolution, classification and future trends [Висячие покрытия. Развитие, классификация и перспективы]. Proc. of the IASS Symposium, Valencia. 2009, pp. 264-275.
    3. Schlaich J. Conceptual design of light structures. [Концептуальное проектирование легких конструкций]. Journal of the IASS, 2004, no. 45, pp. 157-168.
    4. Gцppert K., Stein М. A Spoked wheel structure for the world's largest convertible roof - the new commerzbank arena in Frankfurt, Germany [Конструкция типа велосипедного колеса для самого большого в мире трансформируемого покрытия - новой арены "Commerzbank" во Франкфурте, Германия]. Structural Engineering International, 2007, no. 4, рр. 282-287.
    5. Park K., Park M., Shin S. Design of large space cable roofs with retractable systems to open and close [Проектирование большепролетных пространственных систем вантовых покрытий с трансформируемыми устройствами]. International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology, 2017, vol. (8), iss. (4-1), pp. 197-203.
    6. Schlaich J., Bergermann R. Light Structures [Легкие конструкции]. Munich, Prestel, 2005, 328 p.
    7. Kim H. Structural performance of spoke wheel roof systems [Работа конструкции покрытия типа "велосипедное колесо"]. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2017. 66 p.
    8. Lachauer L., Block P. Interactive equilibrium modelling [Интерактивное моделирование равновесного состояния]. International Journal of Spase Structures, 2014, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 24-37.
    9. Park K., Kwun T., Lee D. Mechanical characteristics of large span spoke wheel system [Механические характеристики большепролетных систем типа "велосипедное колесо"]. Proc. of IASS Annual Symposia, Tokyo, 2016, pp. 1-10.
    10. Park K., Lee M., Park M. Nonlinear behaviors of cable spoke wheel roof systems [Нелинейная работа вантовых покрытий типа "велосипедное колесо"]. Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, 2017, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 31-40.
    11. Еремеев П. Г. Современные конструкции покрытий над трибунами стадионов. М. : АСВ, 2015. 236 с.
    11. Eremeev P. G. Sovremennye konstrukcii pokrytij nad tribunami stadionov [The modern design of coverings over the stands of stadiums]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2015. 236 p. (In Russian).
    12. Bцgl M. Outstanding Roof Structures. [Выдающиеся конструкции покрытий]. Brochures, 2014, no. 9, 66 p.
  • For citation: Yeremeyev P. G. Covering Design over Stadiums Tribunes of "A Bicycle Wheel" Type. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2018, no. 10, pp. 14-21 (In Russian).