Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN CONSTRUCTION
  • Aspects of Computer-Aided Design of Cyber-Physical Building Systems
  • UDC 65.011.56
    Pavel D. CHELYSHKOV, e-mail: chelyshkovpd@mgsu.ru
    Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Abstract. At present, an increasing number of researchers and specialists in the construction industry come to the opinion that it is advisable to use a number of technologies (BIM, Smart City, Big Data, IoT and others) in the practice of construction (in the broad sense of this concept), which are united by the concept of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The result of the implementation of these technologies in the construction should be the transition to the widespread use of cyber-physical systems. The problem of introducing information technologies in construction today is not due to the lack of this process as such, but to the lack of systemic and sequence in it. The fragmentary nature of the application, inconsistency of the applied technologies at different levels of management and at different stages of the life cycle of construction objects sharply reduce the potential positive effect of informatization and automation of construction. At the same time, the concept of cyber-physical systems, that is, the integration at the system level of physical processes and control means has proven its efficiency in industrial production. The approaches to ensuring the design processes of cyber-physical building systems through the development and application of general mathematical models for the processes of data exchange and management are considered. The presented models of data exchange and management of cyber-physical building systems describe the processes implemented at each stage of the life cycle of these systems. Functional blocks of the models considered make it possible to describe the processes of data collection, storage and processing for the current and past stages of the life cycle of cyber-physical construction systems. The presented models are the elements of mathematical support of the processes of designing cyber-physical building systems, they determine the processes of information exchange and management between the structures of cyber-physical building systems of different levels of hierarchy in the full life cycle.
    Key words: cybernetics, construction, engineering cybernetics, cyber-physical systems, cyber-physical building systems, information modeling, building information modeling (BIM), construction.
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  • For citation: Chelyshkov P. D. Aspects of Computer-Aided Design of Cyber-Physical Building Systems. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2018, no. 9, pp. 21-27. (In Russian).


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