Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • ECOLOGICAL SAFETY OF CONSTRUCTION AND MUNICIPAL FACILITIES
  • Settlement is a Multifactor Engineering-Geological Process
  • Sergey N. CHERNYSHEV, e-mail: 9581148@list.ru
    Alexey M. MARTYNOV, e-mail: martynov30am@gmail.com
    Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Settlement of bases is the most common engineering-geological process. The construction of high-rise buildings with high loads on the ground, as well as an increased requirement for minimization of the relative settlement to eliminate the tilts of the structure, requires the development of this topic, creation of methods for determining deformation properties of a rock mass with regard for its high non-homogeneity due to cavernous porosity and fracturing. The article considers the factors that influence the course and the result of the settlement of buildings and structures but are not taking into account when calculation forecasting of the process performed in accordance with SP 22.13330.2016. The survey errors that affect the accuracy of the calculations of the settlement are named. The hidden defect of the named normative document regulating the calculation of settlement, which reduces the reliability of the calculation of the bases according to the second limit state, is shown. Examples of the realization of the settlement process for bases composed both of dispersed and rocky soils are given. Conclusions about the ways to improve the forecasting effectiveness of settlement in the course of research and design, as well as the control over settlement during the construction and operation of buildings and structures are made.
    Key words: settlement of buildings and structures, disperse soils, rocky soils, settlement forecast, engineering-geological process, settling joint.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Popov I. V. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering geology]. Moscow, Gosgeolizdat Publ., 1951. 443 p. (In Russian).
    2. Denisov N. Ya. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering geology]. Moscow, Gosstrojizdat Publ., 1960. 404 p. (In Russian).
    3. Lomtadze V. D. Inzhenernaya geologiya. Inzhenernaya geodinamika [Engineering geology. Engineering geodynamics]. Leningrad, Nedra Publ., 1977. 479 p. (In Russian).
    4. Inzhenernaya geologiya. Inzhenernaya geodinamika [Engineering geology. Engineering geodynamics]. Red. V. T. Trofimov, E. V. Kalinin. Moscow, KDU Publ., 2013. 816 p. (In Russian).
    5. Telichenko V. I., Potapov A. D., Lavrusevich A. A. Prirodovedcheskij slovar' [Natural history dictionary]. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2016. 512 p. (In Russian).
    6. Terminologicheskij slovar'-spravochnik po inzhenernoj-geologii [Terminological dictionary-reference book on engineering-Geology]. Red. E. M. Pashkin. Moscow, KDU Publ., 2011. 952 p. (In Russian).
    7. Belyj L. D., Popov V. V. Inzhenernaya geologiya [Engineering geology]. Moscow, Strojizdat Publ., 1975. 312 p. (In Russian).
    8. Chernyshev S. N., Rahmatullina E. V. Results of long-term monitoring of buildings on a suffusion basis in the center of Moscow. Mekhanika kompozicionnyh materialov i konstrukcij, slozhnyh i geterogennyh sred. Sb. tr. 7-j Vseros. nauch. konf. s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (21-23 noyabrya 2017 g.) [Mechanics of composite materials and structures, complex and heterogeneous media. 7th all-Russian scientific conference with international participation]. Moscow, IPRIM RAN Publ., 2017, pp. 389-391. (In Russian).
    9. Chernyshev S. N., Martynov A. M. Interpolation error in the construction of boundaries on engineering-geological sections to create a computational model of the geological environment. Inzhenernye izyskaniya, 2017, no. 11, pp. 32-43. (In Russian).
    10. Chernyshev S. N., Martynov A. M. Errors in the calculation of settling of the Foundation due to the uncertainty of geological boundaries. Mekhanika kompozicionnyh materialov i konstrukcij, slozhnyh i geterogennyh sred. Sb. tr. 7-j Vseros. nauch. konf. s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (21-23 noyabrya 2017 g.) [Mechanics of composite materials and structures, complex and heterogeneous media. 7th all-Russian scientific conference with international participation]. Moscow, IPRIM RAN Publ., 2017, pp. 385-388. (In Russian).
    11. Tizdel' R. R. Osadka skal'nogo osnovaniya Bratskoj GEHS [Sediment rock Foundation of the Bratsk hydroelectric station]. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo, 1963, no. 9, pp. 18-19. (In Russian).
    12. Chernyshev S. N., Dearmann W. R. Rock fractures. London, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, 1991. 272 p.
  • For citation: Chernyshev S. N., Martynov A. M. Settlement is a Multifactor Engineering-Geological Process. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2018, no. 6, pp. 81-86.


BACK