Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • BUILDING STRUCTURES, BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES
  • About Possibility of Application of a Structure of the Bearing Floor in Low-Rise Buildings
  • UDC 624.078.412: 624.078.74: 624.072.31
    Andrey S. NAZARENKO, e-mail: andy.nazarenko@yandex.ru
    Arkady V. ZAKHAROV, e-mail: zakharov.arkady@yandex.ru
    Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The bearing floor is a box structure that combines the upper and lower floor slabs with all walls and partitions of the floor. Supports of the bearing floor are located along its perimeter, sometimes the supports can be exterior walls. The material of the bearing floor is most often monolithic reinforced concrete. The scope of the use of this design is the buildings, in which according to the functional requirements it is necessary to alternate floors with small rooms and floors with a large space without internal supports. Low residential and multi-storied wide-span buildings with sports, trade and auditoriums as well some production buildings both can be such objects. The structure of the bearing floor is considered on the example of a two-storey cottage in which on the first floor - big rooms general for family (drawing rooms, dining rooms, etc.), on the second bearing floor - small rooms, such as bedrooms, bathing, wardrobe, etc. are located. Under the bearing floor, the entire space is free from supports and suitable for the arrangement of any layout, including, "free" planning, which can be changed many times if necessary. The relation of construction height to flight at the bearing floor of a cottage usually makes not less than 1/4. Such ratio of the specified parameters can provide essential economy of constructional materials when constructing the frame of the house due to considerable reduction in thickness of the overlappings having small flights between walls of rooms of the bearing floor. Results of the theoretical computational study of the stress state of elements of the bearing floor with due regard for the features of the method of its construction are presented in the article.
    Key words: low-rise buildings, bearing floor, unity of flat monolithic plates, box-shaped section, anchor core, stability of walls, steel-reinforced concrete over-lappings.
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  • For citation: Nazarenko A. S., Zakharov A. V. About Possibility of Application of a Structure of the Bearing Floor in Low-Rise Buildings. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2018, no. 6, pp. 61-66. (In Russian).


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