Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science
  • ARCHITECTURE OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES. TOWN PLANNING
  • The Study of the Wall Relief of the Architectural Monument as the Similarity to the Terrain
  • UDC 72.04:747:574
    Sergey N. CHERNYSHEV, e-mail: 9581148@list.ru
    Elena L. LMANOVA, e-mail: eleosu@yandex.ru
    Igor V. RUBTSOV, e-mail: it@mgsu.ru
    Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University), Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Absract. Ancient architectural monuments of Veliky Novgorod have a pronounced and skillfully created relief of the walls. This method of aesthetic enrichment of the image of a monumental structure was used when constructing the well-known architectural monument - the Church of the Savior (1882) in Abramtsevo, Moscow Oblast. This was possible since the relief of the wall is similar to the relief of the land of Novgorod and Moscow Oblast. Measurements of the relief (architectural measurement) were made by the tachymeter Trimble S6 (made in Switzerland), and the scanogram - with the help of 3D Reshaper Survey Bundle, the program for processing geodetic data. The resulting surface is investigated by a probabilistic-statistical method, as a random function. It is established that realizations of the random function in different parts of the monument were similar. The authors of the monument have created a random field with two harmonics. The surface of the wall has a relief for creating a play of light and shade under oblique illumination. Arguments in favor of the hypothesis of a purposeful creation of the wall relief as an element of decor are presented. A technology for performing such relief in the course of restoration, reconstruction and new construction is proposed. The technology makes it possible to create a light and shade effect on large planes of walls, which is revealed when illuminated in the dark time and under oblique sunlight.
    Key words: restoration, reconstruction, architectural measurements, architectural monument, facade surface scanning, wall relief, autocorrelation function, stationary random function.
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  • For citation: Chernyshev S. N., lmanova E. L., Rubtsov I. V. The Study of the Wall Relief of the Architectural Monument as the Similarity to the Terrain. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering], 2018, no. 4, pp. 44-49.


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