Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science

Contents of issue 12 (december) 2015

  • JUBILEE OF ORGANIZATION
  • Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI): 85 Years
  • Vitaliy V. BORSCH, e-mail: rector@madi.ru
    Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI), Leningradsky prosp., 64, Moscow 125319, Russian Federation
  • The Road-Building Materials Chair is the Same Age as MADI
  • Igor V. CHISTYKOV, dekanat@da.madi.ru
    Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI), Leningradsky prosp., 64, Moscow 125319, Russian Federation
  • BUILDING MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS
  • Innovative Environmentally Friendly Sulfur-Containing Composite Materials for Transport Construction
  • UDC 691.327:666.972.55
    Yury E. VASIL'EV, e-mail: vashome@yandex.ru
    Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI), Leningradsky prosp., 64, Moscow 125319, Russian Federation
    Nikolai V. MOTIN, e-mail: N_Motin@vniigaz.gazprom.ru
    OOO Gazprom VNIIGAZ, Leninskiy r-n, pos. Razvilka, Moskovskaya obl. 142715, Russian Federation
    Alexander N. SHUBIN, e-mail: tsmr01@gmail.com
    OOO NPP PromSpetsMash, Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya ul., 16, Moscow 127006, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Sulfur concrete is a special concrete with high frost resistance and durability in aggressive environment that provides reliable operation in all branches of engineering, industrial and civil construction. Organization of production of sulfur-containing composite materials in transportation, waterworks and other areas of construction will provide new environmentally friendly materials, characterized by low energy consumption and ensuring the reliable operation at alternating temperatures and aggressive media without increasing their cost as compared to traditionally used materials. The article presents the classification of sulfur, outlines the advantages and disadvantages of sulfur concrete. The possibility of transfer of asphalt concrete plants (typically seasonal production) on a year-round operation that will ensure full employment in the winter time and the creation of additional jobs is shown. In addition to technical sulfur, various kinds of sulfur-containing industrial waste can be used for producing the sulfur binder. The use of sulfur-containing waste will significantly reduce the cost of manufactured products and structures from sulfur concrete and also help to solve one of the major challenges of our time - the protection of the environment from industrial pollution.
    Key words: sulfur containing composite materials, sulfur concrete, modified sulfur, frost resistance, chemical resistance.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Vasil'ev Ju. E. Prospects of application of the sulfur-containing composite materials. Dorogi, 2013, no. 10, pp. 96-98. (In Russian).
    2. Prihod'ko V. M. Innovative developments MADI for transport construction. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2014, no. 12, pp. 37-40. (In Russian).
    3. Paturoev V. V. Polimerbetony [Polymer concrete]. Moscow, Strojizdat Publ., 1987. 286 p. (In Russian).
    4. Forma dlja izgotovlenija lityh serobetonnyh izdelij [The form for making cast Serobyan products]. Samsonov R. O., Mamaev A. V., Motin N. V. [et al.]. Patent na poleznuyu model' RUS 97961. 28.04.2010. Byul. 27. (In Russian).
    5. ASTM C1159-98(2012) Standard specification for sulfur polymer cement and sulfur modifier for use in chemical-resistant, rigid sulfur concrete.
    6. Mohamed M. O., Gamal M. El. Sulfur concrete for the construction industry. English, J. Ross Publishing's Civil and Environmental Engineering Series. 2010. 447 p.
    7. Sposob poluchenija modificirovannoj sery [Method for producing modified sulfur]. Vasil'ev Ju. Je., Motin N.V., Pekar' S. S. [et al.]. Patent na izobretenie RUS 2554585. 30.08.2013. (In Russian).
    8. Stebeleva O. P. Kavitacionnyj sintez nanostrukturirovannogo uglerodnogo materiala [Cavitational synthesis of nanostructured carbon material]. Diss. kand. tehn. nauk. Krasnojarsk, 2011. 134 p. (In Russian).
    9. Brodskij S. A., Kondakov A. V. The prospects for Federal mineral resource base of the new subsectors of the industry - sulfur structural composites. Sovremennye proizvoditel'nye sily, 2013, no. 3, pp. 82-96. (In Russian).
    10. Sposob utilizacii othodov ot szhiganija bytovogo musora [Waste disposal method from incineration of household waste]. Volgushev A. N, Remizov V. V., Kislenko N. N. [et al.]. Patent RF 2209794. 10.08.03. (In Russian).
  • Technological Properties of Asphalt Mixes
  • UDC 625.855.3-02
    Vladimir I. KOCHNEV, Eduard V. KOTLYARSKIY, e-mail: eco46@mail.ru
    Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI), Leningradsky prosp., 64, Moscow 125319, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Results of the study of quantitative assessment of structural-mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures at the technological stage are presented. Dependences, responsible for yield stress, average adhesion strength in the contact between the particles, average strength of a single contact are considered. The requirements to the ultimate shear stress at test temperatures normalized by GOST are formulated. The analysis of changes in the ultimate compressive strength and ultimate shear stress in a wide range of operating and processing temperatures was performed. Exponential regression models of change in the ultimate compressive strength depending on test temperatures are presented. The requirements to mechanical, structural and mechanical properties of asphalt mixes at technological stages of mixing and compaction are developed.
    Key words: asphalt-concrete mixes, mechanical and structural-mechanical properties, ultimate shear stress, operating temperatures, process temperatures.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Kotlyarskiy E. V., Finashin V. N., Ur'ev N. B., Chernomaz V. E. The formation of the structure of highly concentrated dispersed materials with account of contact interactions in the process of compaction (for example asphalt concrete). Kolloidnyy zhurnal, 1987, no. 1, pp. 72-76. (In Russian).
    2. Mikhaylov N. V., Rebinder P. A. Methods of studying the structural and mechanical properties of disperse systems. Kolloidnyy zhurnal, 1955, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 107. (In Russian).
    3. Kotlyarskiy E. V. The technique of design composition of asphalt mixtures with desired structural-mechanical properties. Sbornik dokladov zasedaniya Assotsiatsii issledovateley asfal'tobetona [A collection of reports of the meetings of the Association of researchers of asphalt concrete]. 27.01.2004. Moscow, MADI Publ., 2004. P. 63. (In Russian).
    4. Kotlyarskiy E. V., Ur'ev N. B. Calculation-experimental methods of designing the composition of asphalt concrete based structural-mechanical characteristics of asphalt mixtures. Nauchnaya sessiya Assotsiatsii issledovateley asfal'tobetona [Scientific session of the Association of researchers of asphalt concrete]. Moscow, MADI (GTU) Publ., 2007. Pp. 62-66. (In Russian).
    5. Kochnev V. I., Kotlyarskiy E. V., Ramos A. L. Selection of mixtures. Automation of the design process, composition and quality control in the production of asphalt mixtures with desired structural-mechanical properties. Avtomobil'nye dorogi, 2013, no. 1(974), pp. 68-70. (In Russian).
  • BUILDING CONSTRUCTION & BUILDINGS
  • Analysis of Durability of Metal Structures under Random Impacts
  • UDC 624.072.22:621.874
    Liudmila V. MURAVIEVA, e-mail: rfludmia@yandex.ru
    Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, Polytechnicheskay ul., 29, St. Petersburg 195251, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Operation of welded metal structures involves the impact of cyclic and re-static loads on them. Strength and durability of such structures depend on initial defects. Random loads are one of the widespread types of loads acting on the structure. The main provisions of the theory of calculation of durability of steel structures elements under random impacts are presented. The methodology of calculation assessment of the durability of metal structures on the basis of the use of the probabilistic method for fatigue calculation of welded structures, when schematization of the loading process is performed, is proposed. The efficiency of the structure is ensured, if the cumulative fatigue damage in any given component during the design life at maximum permissible failure probability does not exceed the maximum value. The limit accumulated fatigue damage is calculated with due regard for the amplitude and number of loading cycles. The methodology presented was used for assessing the durability and endurance of operating metal crane girders according to to results of inspections and full scale tests.
    Key words: residual resource, random loadings, durability assessment, full-scale tests of crane girders.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Bolotin V. V. Prognozirovanie resursa mashin i konstrukcij [Forecasting of resource of machines and constructions]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1984. 312 p. (In Russian).
    2. Gusev A. S. Soprotivlenie ustalosti i zhivuchest konstrukcij pri sluchajnyx nagruzkax [Fatigue and durability of structures under random loads]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1989. 248 p. (In Russian).
    3. Dvoreckij V. I., Trufyakov V. I. Opredelenie nagruzok dlya rascheta na ustalost podkranovyx balok [Determination of loads for fatigue calculation for crane beams]. Kiev, Institut elektrosvarki im. E. O. Patona Publ., 1969. 12 p. (In Russian).
    4. Kogaev V. P. Raschety na prochnost pri napryazheniyax peremennyx vo vremeni [The strength calculations at stresses variable in time]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ.,1977. 232 p. (In Russian).
    5. Perelmuter A. V. [et al.]. Nagruzki i vozdejstviya. Spravochnik [Load and impact: a Handbook]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2006. 482 p. (In Russian).
    6. Kalashnikov G. V. Present and future of crane beams. Montazhnye i specialnye raboty v stroitelstve, 2007, no. 7, pp. 2-9. (In Russian).
    7. Patrikeev A. B. Some regularities of fatigue damages of welded crane girders. Problemy prochnosti, 1983, no. 7, pp. 19-24. (In Russian).
  • Why Standards for Masonry Structures Do Not Contribute to Development of the Industry
  • UDC 691.421:666.72:691:620.1
    Arkady V. GRANOVSKY, e-mail: arcgran@list.ru
    TSNIISK named after V. A. Koucherenko, OJSC SRC Stroitelstvo, 2-ya Institutskaya ul., 6, Moscow 109428, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The analysis of current norms of SP 15.13330.2012 in the appointment of design characteristics of strength of the masonry from large-size ceramic stones with voidness of 40-54% is made. The reasons for mistakes, when determining normative parameters of the masonry, unsatisfactory conduct of experimental studies, and processing their results, incorrect interpretation of the physical meaning of formulas given in the earlier developed normative documents, are indicated. It is concluded that the significant redevelopment of SP 15.13330.2012 is required for its corresponding to the accumulated level of knowledge in the field of masonry both in our country and abroad. It is noted that the development of scientific research in the field of masonry structures is associated with the involvement of leading research centers of the Russian Federation in this work.
    Key words: large-sized ceramic stones, test methods, entral and local compression, frost resistance of brick, regulatory documents.
  • REFERENCES
    1. SP 15.13330.2012 "SNiP II-22-81* Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii". (In Russian).
    2. Meyer U. Earthquake-resistant construction with clay unit masonry-Intermediate results of the research project ESECMaSE. Annual for the Brick and Tile, Structural Ceramics and Clay Pipe Industries, 2008. Pp. 94-106.
    3. Fehling E., Sturz J. Test results on the behavior of masonry under (monotonic and cyclic) in planeloads. ESECMaSE - Deliverable D7.1. Kassel, July, 2007, pp. 1-10.
    4. Fabrichnaya K. A. Prochnost' kamennoy kladki iz pustotelykh keramicheskikh kamney pri tsentral'nom szhatii [The strength of masonry of hollow ceramic stones at the Central compression]. Diss. : kand. tekhn. nauk. Kazan, 2013. 130 p. Availabe at: http://www.dissercat.com/content/ prochnost-kamennoi-kladki-iz-pustotelykh- keramicheskikh-kamnei-pri-tsentralnom-szhatii. (In Russian).
    5. Tekhnicheskie resheniya stenovykh konstruktsiy zhilykh zdaniy s primeneniem keramicheskikh porizovannykh pustotelykh kamney proizvodstva OAO "Slavyanskiy kirpich" [The technical solution of the wall structures of residential buildings with application of the porous ceramic hollow stone production of JSC "Slavic brick"]. Moscow, TSNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko Publ., 2010. 32 p. (In Russian).
    6. NTO "Provedenie eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy prochnosti i deformativnosti kladki sten iz krupnoformatnykh ryadovykh porizovannykh kamney 10.7 MF i 14.3 MF proizvodstva Ryabovskogo zavoda keramicheskikh izdeliy" [NTO "Experimental studies of strength and deformability of masonry walls in large-format ordinary porous stones 10.7 MT and 14.3 MT production plant Ryabovsky ceramic products"]. Moscow, TSNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko Publ., 2012. T. 1. 95 p. (In Russian).
    7. NTO "Provedenie eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy prochnosti i deformativnosti kladki sten iz krupnoformatnykh ryadovykh pustotno-porizovannykh kamney POROMAX-200 i POROMAX-280 proizvodstva OAO "Slavyanskiy kirpich" [NTO "Experimental studies of strength and deformability of masonry walls in large-format ordinary hollow core-porous stones POROMAX-200 and POROMAX-280 manufactured by JSC "Slavyansky Kirpich"]. Moscow, TSNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko Publ., 2015. 160 p. (In Russian).
    8. Dmitriev A. S., Sementsov S. A. Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii [Stone and reinforced masonry structures]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1965. 188 p. (In Russian).
    9. Tekhnicheskie resheniya stenovykh konstruktsiy zhilykh zdaniy s primeneniem keramicheskikh porizovannykh pustotelykh kamney proizvodstva OOO "VINERBERGER KIRPICh" [The technical solution of the wall structures of residential buildings with application of the porous ceramic hollow stone, produced by LLC "WIENERBERGER BRICK"]. Moscow, TSNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko Publ., 2009. 68 p.
    10. Granovskiy A. V. The principle of first break, and then we shall understand - the science is invalid. Seysmostoykoe stroitel'stvo. Bezopasnost' sooruzheniy, 2013, no. 1, pp. 48-50. (In Russian).
    11. Granovskiy A. V., Sayfulina N. Yu. About correctness of bauschinger effect adopted in SP 15.13330.2012 for wall masonry from large-size ceramic hollow stone. Promyshlennoe grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 8, pp. 66-68. (In Russian).
    12. Granovskiy A. V., Sayfulina N. Yu., Berestenko E. I. On the issue of strength of masonry made of large-format ceramic hollow blocks under local compression. Promyshlennoe grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2014, no. 4, pp. 21-23. (In Russian).
    13. Ishchuk M. K. Requirements for multi-layered walls with flexible ties. Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo, 2008, no. 5, pp. 15-19. (In Russian).
  • Determination of Heat Losses of External Enclosures at Junctions of Window Blocks to Brick Walls at Reconstruction
  • UDC 624.048.30
    Anatoliy I. BEDOV, e-mail: gbk@mgsu.ru
    National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Askar M. GAISIN, e-mail: askargaisin@yandex.ru
    Azat I. GABITOV, e-mail: azat7@ufanet.ru
    Aleksandr S. SALOV, e-mail: salov@list.ru
    Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, Mendeleeva ul., 195, Ufa 450062, Russian Federation
    Svetlana Y. SAMOHODOVA, e-mail: samohodova@mail.ru
    Bashkir State Agrarian University, 50-let Oktyabrya ul., 34, Ufa 450062, Russian Federation
    Abstract. Heat losses in external walls of brick buildings are analyzed. On the basis of the thermovision inspection and experience in operation of window systems, the thermograms testifying the substandard execution and freezing of the interface node of window block with the external brick wall have been obtained. It is revealed that significant heat losses occur in places of adjunction of window jambs. Qualitative parameters of heat losses in the zones inspected are calculated at two-dimensional heat flux on the basis of the heat conductivity matrix with due regard for convective heat exchange. A computer program for selecting rational measures for elimination of cold bridges is proposed; it helps to determine the coldest area for these measures application. Due to the studies conducted, the practical recommendations on arrangement of a heat fixture in interface nodes of window structures with the wall for elimination of existing defects and provision of the normal temperature-humidity conditions in the premise have been developed.
    Key words: brick wall, thermal design, thermal resistance, humidity, window unit of PVC profiles, convective heat exchange, finite element method, software system, interface node, repair, dew point.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Boriskina I. V., Shvedov N. V., Plotnikov A. A. Osnovy proektirovaniya. [Fundamentals of design]. St. Petersburg, Interregional Institute of the window Publ., 2005. Vol. 1, 160 p. (In Russian).
    2. Bedow A. I., Babkov V. V., Gabitov A. I., Gaisin A. M., Rezvov O. A., Kuznetsov D. V., Gafurova E. A., Sinitsin D. A. Design and calculation of thermal protection of external walls of buildings on the basis autoclaved aerocrete blocks. Vestnik MGSU, 2012, no. 2, pp. 98-103. (In Russian).
    3. Babkov V. V., Gaisin A. M., Arkhipov V. G., Naftalevich I. M., Gareev R. R., Moskalev A. P., Kolesnik S. G. Multi-storey veneer at the exterior walls of three-layer thermal efficiency of buildings. Stroitel'nye materialy, 2003, no. 10, pp.10-13. (In Russian).
    4. Samarin V. S. Babkov V. V., Gaisin A. M., Egorkin N. With. The prospects of large-panel housing construction in Republic Bashkortostan. Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo, 2011, no. 3, pp. 12-14. (In Russian).
    5. Shagmanov R. R., Shibirkina M. S. Calculation of thermal properties of Windows. Problemy stroitel'nogo kompleksa Rossii. Materialy XIX Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [The problems of the construction complex of Russia: materials of XIX International scientific-technical conference]. 10-12 March 2015. Ufa, UGNTU Publ., 2015, pp. 90-92. (In Russian).
    6. Bedov A. I., Balakshin A. S., Voronov A. A. The Causes of emergencies in building constructions of stone clad systems in high-rise residential buildings. Stroitel'stvo i rekonstruktsiya, 2014, no. 6(56), pp. 11-17. (In Russian).
    7. Nedoseko V. I., Ishmatov F. I., Aliev R. R. Application of structural insulating concrete in load-bearing and enclosing structures of buildings housing and civil purposes. Stroitel'nye materialy, 2011, no. 7, pp. 14-17. (In Russian).
    8. Lukashevich A. A. The design and implementation of schemes of direct finite element method for the solution of contact problems. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo, 2007, no. 12, pp. 18-23. (In Russian).
    9. Umnyakova N. P., Butovskiy I. N., Chebotarev, A. G. The Development of methods for the measurement of thermal insulation of energy efficient buildings. Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo, 2014, no. 7, pp. 19-23. (In Russian).
    10. Khayrullin V. A., Shibirkina M. S. State regulation of the quality of the final construction products. Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 2014, no. 9, pp. 204-205. (In Russian).
  • ARCHITECTURE OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES. TOWN PLANNING
  • Classical Space of Ancient Rome
  • UDC 72.03
    Dmitry O. SHVIDKOVSKY, -mail: shvidkovsky@gmail.comrector
    Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), ul. Rozhdestvenka, 11, Moscow 107031, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The author makes a fascinating journey through the historical sites of Rome, revealing secrets and describing the events that have played a major role in shaping the modern face of the city. Rome is described as a space in which the monuments from the ancient, medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods coexist and create a unique identity of the Eternal City. Author consistently presents the classical space of Rome, goes back to the early republican era, its greatest splendor during the reign of the emperor Octavian Augustus and his associates. At this period the emperor starts gradually to rebuild Rome architecture, replacing brick buildings to the marble one. After that, until the end of the III Century AD, every emperor brought his own endowment in architectural image of the city. After the political and cultural crisis in the III century AD, the city development was continued by Maximinus Herculius and Maxentius. The next important stage in Rome architectural development was the spread of Christianity and the progress of new religious spaces under the Emperor Constantine the Great and his successors. The period of "barbarians", which lasted several centuries, prepared Rome to assume a new cultural vision, which formed the so-called Renaissance period. That was the time, when the all-over-the-world unique architectural space began to form and which importance for classical architecture can't be underestimated. The cultural "air" of Rome and its unique architectural space formed by centuries still inspires the artists around the world and demonstrates "the feeling of Rome".
    Key words: space, city, Rome, classical, antiquity, architectural images.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Aristid Jelij. Pohvala Rimu [Praise Rome]. Per. S. I. Mezherickoj. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2006. 279 p. (In Russian).
    2. Alerta A. Volumi antichi. Libro aperto sulla cita. Roma, Gangeni, 2002. 191 p.
    3. Benevolo L. Roma. Roma, De Luca, 1985. 117 p.
    4. Lexicon Topographicum. Urbis Romae. Roma, Quasat, 1999.
    5. Pavia C. Roma antica. Roma, Gangemi, 2006. 255 p.
    6. Challet G. Dans le Rome des Cesars. Grenoble, Glenar, 2004. 205 p.
    7. Caldana A. Le guide de Roma. Roma, Palombi, 2003. 151 p.
    8. Caldana A. Roma antica. Piante topografiche e vedute generali. Vicenza, CISA, 2014. 598 p.
    9. Ascarelli F. La cinquecentine romane. Milano, Etimar, 1972. 359 p.
    10. Beltramini G., et al. Pietro Bembo e l'invenzione del Rinancimento. Venezia, Marsilio, 2013. 439 p.
    11. De Seta C. L'imagini de Roma in eta moderna. Milano, Electa, 2005. 206 p.
    12. Egger H. Romiche veduten. Handzeichnungen aus dem XV bis XVIII Jahrhundert. Wien, Verlag von Anton Schroll, 1931. 2 V. 241 p.
    13. Scano G. Guida e descrizioni di Roma del XVI al XX secolo. Roma, Besso, 1992. 139 p.
    14. Madelin L. Le Rome de Napolien. Paris, Plon, 1906. 727 p.
    15. Parizi F. La strada che parte di Roma. Roma. Colombo, 2008. 208 p.
  • Classics in Mechanisms of the Origin of Architecture
  • UDC 72.03
    Georgy V. ESAULOV, e-mail: science@markhi.ru
    Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), ul. Rozhdestvenka, 11/4, block 1, bld. 4, Moscow 107031, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The architectural classics has traditionally been understood as a perfect creation of a certain architectural and artistic epoch. For centuries, it is stylistically identified with the achievements of Greek-Roman order architecture, Renaissance architecture, and then baroque architecture, and classicism. This is why the classical traditions are perceived as a successive application of the order architecture. The objects that fully materialize patterns and peculiarities of a certain genre of architecture are also called classics of a style of a local architectural school. Classic as the central vector of architectural evolution, that connects the traditional achievements of the humanity with innovative discoveries, to a large extent defines the mainstream of architectural culture. The article highlights different mechanisms of distribution of its influence in the professional architectural creativity and folk architecture. Architectural classics, having appeared within the framework of professional architecture, can be connected with universal laws. The definition of these universals, which are an object of a whole range of scientific disciplines, will influence the ideas in the field of architecture and, particularly, the idea of architectural classics. Classics in the folk architecture, having been formed in a certain culture and merging the laws of micro- and macrocosm, is a demonstration of the place of architecture in the structure of the universe. The definition of classics as a manifestation of each of the three strata of architecture can contribute to the discovery of new laws of their evolution and extension of human capabilities in the transformation of the world and the construction of new elements and systems of habitat oriented at sustainable development.
    Key words: classics, mechanisms of origin of architecture, architectural strata, laws, peculiarities, capital and region.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Mastera sovetskoy arhitektury ob arhitekture. Izbr. otryvky iz pisem, statey, vystupleniy I traktatov [Masters of Soviet architecture about the architecture. Selected excerpts from letters, articles, speeches and treatises]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1975. Vol. 1. Pp. 36. (In Russian).
    2. Han-Magomedov S. O. Ivan Zholtovskiy. Moscow, 2010. 352 p. (In Russian).
    3. Esaulov G. V. Architectural heritage and the ecology of culture. Arhitektura I stroitelstvo Moskvy, 2004, no. 2-3, pp. 95-97. (In Russian).
    4. Kirichenko E. I. Arhitektura Latinskoy Ameriki XVI - nachala XIX vv. Vseobshchaja istorija arhitektury. T. VII. Arhitektura Zapadnoy Evropy I Latinskoy Ameriki XVII - pervoy poloviny XIX vekov. [The architecture of Latin America XVI - XIX centuries. General history of architecture. T. VII. The architecture of Western Europe and Latin America XVII - first half XIX centuries]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ., 1969. Pp. 503-565. (In Russian).
    5. Esaulov G.V. Regional architecture in modern times. Vestnik SGASU. Iss. 3, 4.1: Sovremennie problemy arhitektury, gradovedenija I dizaina, 2008, pp. 8-17. (In Russian).
    6. Ljubimova G. N., Han-Magomedov S. O. Narodnaja arhitektura Juzhnogo Dagestana. Tabasaranskaja arhitektura [Folk architecture of the southern Dagestan. Tabasaran architecture]. Moscow, Gosstroyizdat Pub., 1956. 104 p. (In Russian).
    7. Han-Magomedov S. O. Rutulskaja arhitektura [Rutul architecture]. Moscow, Ladja Publ., 1998. 356 p. (In Russian).
    8. Han-Magomedov S. O. Tsahurskaja arhitektura [Tsakhur architecture]. Moscow, Ladja Publ., 1988. 244 p. (In Russian).
    9. Han-Magomedov S. O. Agulskaja arhitektura [Agulsk architecture]. Moscow, Ladja Publ., 2001. 356 p. (In Russian).
    10. Han-Magomedov S.O. Lakskaja arhitektura [Lak architecture]. Moscow, Ladja Publ., 2005. 352 p. (In Russian).
    11. Movchan G. Ja. Stariy avarskiy dom [Old Avar house]. Moscow, DMK Press Publ., 2001. 520 p. (In Russian).
    12. Orfinskiy V. P. Derevjannoe zodchestvo Karelii [Wooden architecture of Karelia]. Leningrad, 1972. 119 p. (In Russian).
    13. Dolgov A.V. Osvoenie form professionalnoy gorodskoy kultury v derevjannom zodchestve Urala [The development of professional forms of urban culture in wooden architecture of the Urals]. Diss. kand. arhit. Moscow, 1998. (In Russian).
    14. 1001 zdanie, kotoroe nuzhno uvidet' [1001 building to see]. Moscow, Magma Publ., 2008. 960 p. (In Russian).
  • Research in Regional Features of Wooden Cult Architecture of the Kostroma Province
  • UDC 72.03:726.54
    Sergey A. PILYAK, -mail: s.pilyak@mail.ru
    Kostroma State Agricultural Academy, Uchebnyy gorodok, 34, pos. Karavaevo, Kostromskoy rayon, Kostromskaya obl. 156530, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The need for cultural identity predetermines the topicality of detection of regional peculiarity. Over the centuries various historical, cultural, socio-economic and natural factors influenced the formation of a special architectural environment of cities and villages of the Kostroma region. One of the most vulnerable segments of Russia's cultural heritage is the traditional wooden buildings The Kostroma cult wooden architecture is the object of research for over a century and a half. By now, a number of regional and local peculiarities of the cult wooden architecture of the Kostroma province have been identified. Results of the study make it possible to highlight the main feature - the massiveness of the base of the temple and its miniature top. The spread of tiered arrangement of temple buildings noted for Kostroma facilities is a feature characteristic for the Central Russia.
    Key words: wooden architecture, Kostroma Region, regional features of folk architecture.
  • REFERENCES
    1. the Comte de Rochefort N. I. Illjustrirovannoe urochnoe polozhenie [Illustrated fixed position]. Saint-Petersburg, the Warehouse edition at K. L. Rikker Publ., 1916. 694 p. (In Russian).
    2. Suslov V. V. Ocherki po istorii drevnerusskogo zodchestva [Essays on the history of ancient Russian architecture]. Saint-Petersburg, Typography A. B. Marx Publ., 1889. 124 p. (In Russian).
    3. Dal L. V. Ancient wooden Church in Russia. Zodchiy, 1875, no. 6, pp. 78-79. (In Russian).
    4. Grabar I. E. Istorija russkogo iskusstva. Tom. I. Arhitektura [History of Russian art. Vol. I. Architecture]. Moscow, Publishing I. Knebel Publ., 1909. 479 p. (In Russian).
    5. Izvestija Imperatorskoj Arheologicheskoj komissii [Izvestia of the Imperial Archaeological Commission]. Saint-Petersburg, Printing house of the Chief Administration of appanages Publ., 1909. Iss. 31. 309 p. (In Russian).
    6. Drevnosti. Trudy Komissii po sohraneniju drevnih pamjatnikov Imperatorskogo Moskovskogo Arheologicheskogo obshhestva [Antiquity. Proceedings of the Commission for the preservation of ancient monuments of the Imperial Moscow Archaeological society]. Moscow, Tovarishestvo tipografii A. I. Mamontov Publ., 1907. Vol. I. 117 p. (In Russian).
    7. Smirnov V. I. Pile dwellings of Kostroma region. Sovetskaya etnografiya, 1940, no. 4, pp. 149-167. (In Russian).
    8. GAKO. F. R-838. Op. 1. D. 195. (In Russian).
    9. Zabello S. Ya, Ivanov V. N., Maksimov P. N. Russkoe derevjannoe zodchestvo [Russian wooden architecture]. Moscow, Acad. of architecture of the USSR Publ., 1942. 74 p. (In Russian).
    10. Zabello S. Ya. Kostromskaja expedicija [Kostroma expedition]. Architectural heritage. Moscow, State publishing house of literature on construction and architecture Publ., 1955. Iss. 5. Pp. 19-36. (In Russian).
    11. Makovetskii I. V. Pamyatniki narodnogo zodchestva Verhnego Povolzhya [The monuments of folk architecture of the Upper Volga region]. Moscow, Publishing house of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1952. 131 p. (In Russian).
    12. Opolovnikov A. V. Russkoe derevjannoe zodchestvo [Russian wooden architecture]. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1986. 311 p. (In Russian).
    13. Stulnikov A. From the history of Russian wooden architecture. Leninskiy put', 22.07.1989. P. 4. (In Russian).
    14. Opolovnikov A. V. Restavraziya pamyatnikov narodnogo zodchestva [Restoration of monuments of folk architecture]. Moscow, Stroiizdat Publ., 1974. 391 p. (In Russian).
    15. Pilyak S. A. Tiered chapel on the banks of the Vetluga. The village of Pritykina. Kostroma Sloboda, 2015, no. 1, pp. 11-13. (In Russian).
    16. Pilyak S. A. The archetypes of the tiered temples of Povetluzhye. Kostroma humanitarian Bulletin, 2014, no. 1(7), pp. 49-53. (In Russian).
    17. Pilyak S. A. To the question about the Dating of the wooden Church in the name of Sainted-Hierarchs Basil the Great and Nicholas the Wonderworker in the village of Sohna. Derevyannoe zodchestvo [Wooden architecture]. Moscow; Saint Petersburg, Kolo Publ., 2015. 352 p. (In Russian).
    18. Pilyak S. A. Wooden churches of the Northwest district of the Ivanovo region. Materialy XXI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Materials of XXI International scientific-technical conference]. Ivanovo: IGPU, 2014. Pp. 464-477. (In Russian).
  • ypology of Locations of Traditional Settlements in Mountainous Areas of the Chinese Province of Guizhou
  • UDC 728.03:902.01(510)
    Xu WEI, e-mail: xuweiba996@163.com
    Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, ul. 2-ya Krasnoarmeiskaya, 4, St. Petersburg 190005, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The typology of locations of traditional settlements in mountainous areas of the Chinese province of Guizhou is considered. The complexity of a mountainous terrain caused the limitation of migratory flows in the region and isolation of existence of settlements. The relation of landscape and planning harmony of settlements with the lack of a design predetermination of their planning is shown. It is proved that the settlement is formed according to nuances of an initial landscape and depending on geomorphology and topography of the area. The typology of landscapes is presented, namely: coastal (streamside) valley zones, mountain foots, mountain slopes and tops, a combined type of landscape. The greatest prevalence of settlements is observed near the southern slopes of the mountain range with buildings on both sides of the transit street-road. Subtypes of riverine settlements, which are located in a bend, at the confluence of two rivers and with the road along the river, are allocated. The settlements located on steep slopes of ridges in the form of horizontal "tape", or down on the terrace, over arable lands and the river as well as settlement of the "topmost" type on high plateaus are briefly characterized. Such feature of settlements on sites of the combined type as continuous growth of such settlements which buildings gradually occupy a coastal zone, slopes and even tops is noted. It is concluded that behind the external randomness of building of mountain settlements, a natural harmony with nature is hided.
    Key words: typology, traditional settlements, mountain landscape, coast of rivers, mountain foot, slopes and tops of mountains, combined landscapes, harmony of settlements.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Peng Yigang. Landscape analysis traditional villages [ ]. Beijing : China architecture building press, 1992. 279 c.
    2. Guan Yanbo. Researches of the main feature of settlements of Southwest part of China [ - ]. The bulletin of the Southern central university for nationalities, 1997, no. 4, pp. 31-34.
    3. Luo Deqi. Guizhou houses [ ]. Beijing: China Architecture Building Press, 2008, p. 125.
    4. Xu Wei. Taking into account the landscape and climate conditions of settlements formation in mountain areas of the southern China. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov, 2015, no. 1(48), pp. 49-54. (In Russian).
    5. Li Zhiying. The analysis of culture and architecture of the traditional village of Doon in the southeast of Guizhou [ - ]. Hua Zhong architecture press, 2010, no. 3, pp. 61-64.
    6. He Yinchong. History of architecture of Guizhou [ ]. Guizhou: Guizhou Ethnic Studies, 2012. p. 268.
    7. Liang Shuming. Theory of rural construction [ ]. Publishing house national Shanghai, 2006. 407 p.
    8. Gao Youqian. Chinese cultures Feng Shui [ -]. Beijing : Tuan Jie press, 2007. 338 p.
    9. Wang Lijun. Architectural typology [ ]. Tianjin : Tianjin university press, 2005. 336 p.
    10. Si Sinzhi. The southwest national building in China [ - ]. Yun nan press, 1992. 172 p.
    11. Xu Wei. "Drum" towers of the dong people settlements in the Chinese province of Guizhou. Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov, 2015, no. 2(49), pp. 30-38.
    12. Xu Wei. Traditional the dwelling of the house of "Ganlan" style in mountainous areas of the Province of Guizhou. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya, 2015, no. 1(57). Available at: htpp: www.science-education.ru/ 121-17757 (accessed 05.11.2015). (In Russian).
  • NEWS OF RAACS
  • Review of Scientific-Technical Problems of Metal Construction Considered by the Scientific Council of RAASN Metal Structures
  • Ivan I. VEDYAKOV
    TSNIISK named after V. A. Koucherenko OJSC SRC Stroitelstvo, 2-ya Institutskaya ul., 6, Moscow 109428, Russian Federation
    Vladimir V. LARIONOV, e-mail: cniipsk.info@gmail.com
    TSNIIPSK named after Melnikov, Michurinskiy prosp., 37, Moscow 119607, Russian Federation
  • BASES AND FOUNDATIONS, UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES
  • Strip Foundations Combined by Shallow Cylindrical Shells for High-Rise Buildings
  • UDC 624.15
    Yakov A. PRONOZIN, e-mail: pronozin@tgasu.ru
    Iuliia V. NAUMKINA, e-mail: naujul@rambler.ru
    Larisa R. EPIFANTCEVA, e-mail: epifanceva@tgasu.ru
    Tyumen State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Lunacharskogo ul., 2, Tyumen 625001, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The actual issues of expanding the field of application of shallow foundations for high-rise buildings are considered. Design features of the interaction of strip foundations, combined by shallow shells, with a soil base due to the curvature of the shells surface and the difference in stiffness of elements of the system are presented and the analytical solution with the use of the Winkler hypothesis is proposed. A plane problem with the conventionally cut-out middle surface of the shell fixed in the strip foundation of unit size in the direction of the axis Y are considered, that is the problem is reduced to one-dimensional. The initial value of the coefficient of subgrade reaction is determined by average settlements of the building, which are calculated using the modulus of deformation or experimental data. Normal pressure arising under the action of a tensile element on the curved surface is calculated by the Laplace's equation. Geological conditions of the construction and results of calculations of the 17-storey residential house in Tyumen performed according to the developed algorithm and standard programs are presented. Results of calculations of the final settlement and current data of the geotechnical monitoring are also presented.
    Key words: shallow shells, strip foundations, linearly deformable soil base, plane problem of deformation, coefficient of subgrade reaction, flexural rigidity of shell, modulus of deformation, active layer.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Lushnikov V. V. Evaluation of deformability eluvial soils as measured deformations of buildings. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov, 2011, no. 3, pp. 26-28. (In Russian).
    2. Galashev Y. V., Rack V. P., Murzenko A. Y. Experimental studies of the depth of compressible stratum base loaded with a round stamp. Eksperimental'no-teoreticheskie issledovaniya nelineynykh zadach v oblasti osnovaniy i fundamentov [Experimental and theoretical study of nonlinear problems in basements and foundations]. Novocherkassk, NPI Publ., 1979. Pp. 128-134. (In Russian).
    3. Sorochan E. A., Trofimenko Y. P. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i podzemnye sooruzheniya: spravochnik proektirovshchika [Bases, foundations and underground structures: a handbook designer]. Moscow, Stroyizdat Publ. 1985. 480 p. (In Russian).
    4. Tetior A. N. Fundamenty [Foundations]. Moscow, Academy Publ., 2010. 400 p. (In Russian).
    5. Yevtushenko S. I., Bogomolov A. N., Pihur V. N. Study of limit bearing capacity of two closely spaced columnar foundations. Vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya "Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura", 2011, no. 24, pp. 29-32. (In Russian).
    6. Mangushev R. A., Karlov W. D., Sakharov I. I., Osokin A. I. Osnovaniya i fundamenty [Bases and foundations ]. Moscow, DIA Publ., 2011. 392 p. (In Russian).
    7. Ter-Martirosyan Z. G., Pronozin J. A., Kiselev N. Y. Shallow strip footings, combined shallow shell, for strongly to soil. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov, 2014, no. 4, pp. 2-5. (In Russian).
    8. Polyanin A. D., Zaitsev V. F., Zhurov A. I. Metody resheniya nelineynykh uravneniy matematicheskoy fiziki i mekhaniki [Methods for solving nonlinear equations of mathematical physics and mechanics]. Moscow, Fizmatlit Publ., 2005. 256 p. (In Russian).
    9. Vlasov V. Z., Leontiev N. N. Balki, plity i obolochki na uprugom osnovanii [Beams, plates and shells on elastic foundation]. Moscow, Fizmatgiz Publ., 1960. 490 p. (In Russian).
    10. Pilyagin A. V. About determination of the total modulus of deformation of soil test data. Osnovaniya, fundamenty i mekhanika gruntov, 2013, no. 2, pp. 2-5. (In Russian).
    11. Boldyrev G. G., Melnikov A. V., Beginners G. A., Kolesnikov A. S. Determining the deformation characteristics of soils from laboratory tests of soils. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii "Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy progress v stroitel'stve i arkhitekture". [Proceedings of the international scientific conference "Scientific and technological progress in construction and architecture"]. Baku, 2014. Pp. 206-219. (In Russian).
    12. Pronozin J. A., Melnikov R. V. Influence of the loading surface on the stress-strain state of broken clay soil structure. Vestnik MGSU, 2010, no. 2, pp. 169-175. (In Russian).
    13. Pronozin J. A., Melnikov R. V. The results of experimental and theoretical studies of the interaction of axisymmetric shell with foundation subgrade. Izvestiya vuzov. Stroitel'stvo, 2010, no. 5, pp. 114-119. (In Russian).
  • TECHNOLOGY AND BUILDING ORGANIZATION
  • Analysis of Financing at Optimal Sequence of Block Construction of Residential Houses
  • UDC 69.05
    Boris F. SHIRSHIKOV, e-mail: duisa@mgsu.ru
    National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow 129337, Russian Federation
    Igor A. OGNEV, e-mail:ognev@istu.edu, Victoria S. STEPANOVA, e-mail: step_08@inbox.ru
    National Research Irkutsk State Technical University, ul. Lermontova, 83, Irkutsk 664074, Russian Federation
    Abstract. In projects of district building of residential houses, construction stages, as a rule, are not expressed structurally and often are random fragments that lead to the increase in the total duration of the process. Therefore, considering methods of construction organization from the point of view of the technique of graphical assessment and analysis of the optimal sequence of district building of residential houses, it is possible to define not only optimal sequence of construction of objects in the course of block building in order to reduce the total duration of construction, but and an optimal distribution of financial resources at all its stages. In the course of district building of residential houses any method of construction organization - continuous, sequential and parallel - can be used. The article describes the method of calculation and construction of complex schedules of funding the construction of a building at a block of houses at the in-line method of construction. The optimal financial planning will allow the construction company to forecast the financial conditions for short-term and long-term periods, operatively and efficiently control available resources and cash flows as well as significantly reduce the risk of financial difficulties and bankruptcy throughout the whole period of implementation of district development of residential houses.
    Key words: quarter construction, methods of construction management; graphic optimal sequence of construction; schedule of funding.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Maloyan G. A. Aglomeratsiya - gradostroitel'nye problemy [Agglomeration - urban problems]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010. 115 p. (In Russian).
    2. Solomin I. A., Oleynik S. P., Kharitonov S. E. Prospects for development of the urban areas occupied with buried illegal dumps. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2007, no. 11, pp. 60-61. (In Russian).
    3. Telichenko V. I, Korol' E. A., Kagan P. B. [at el]. Upravlenie programmami i proektami vozvedeniya vysotnykh zdaniy [Program and project management for construction of high-rise buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010. 143 p. (In Russian).
    4. Malykha G. G., Guseva O. B. Organizatsiya stroitel'nogo proektirovaniya [Organization of construction design]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2012. 135 p. (In Russian).
    5. Alekseev Yu. V. Gradostroitel'nye osnovy razvitiya i rekonstruktsii zhiloy zastroyki [Town planning basis for the development and reconstruction of residential buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009. 640 p. (In Russian).
    6. Telichenko V. I., Korol' E. A., Kagan P. B. [at el]. Upravlenie proektami rekonstruktsii i renovatsii zhiloy zastroyki [Project management for reconstruction and renovation of residential buildings]. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009. 207 p. (In Russian).
    7. Oleinik P. P., Brodskiy V. I. Methods for determining the duration of construction of objects. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 12, pp. 30-32. (In Russian).
    8. Shirshikov B. F., Ognev I. A., Stepanova V. S. Technique of a graphic assessment and analysis of optimum sequence of quarter building of residential buildings. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2014, no. 10, pp. 47-51. (In Russian).
  • Formation of Theoretical and Methodological Foundations of Improving the Efficiency of Organizational Solutions for Scheduling
  • UDC 69.05
    Zinur R. MUKHAMETZYANOV1, e-mail: zinur-1966@mail.ru
    Evgenij V. GUSEV2, e-mail: gusev@eu.susu.ac.ru
    Ruslan V. RAZYAPOV1, e-mail: rusla777@yandex.ru
    1 Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, ul. Kosmonavtov, 1, Ufa 454080, Russian Federation
    2 South Ural State University, prosp. Lenina, 76, Chelyabinsk 454080, Russian Federation
    Abstract. The problem of improving the reliability of organizational-technological solutions reflected by appropriate organizational-technological models, for ensuring the stability of developed calendar plans is an actual problem of contemporary building science. Ways to improve the organizational-technological reliability of construction are considered; existing and contemporary directions of this problem solution are analyzed. The structural interrelation of calendar plan models, when a model of technology plays a major role as the most stable and resistant to the impact of various destabilizing factors, is revealed. On the basis of conducted studies, an approach to improving the efficiency of adopted organizational decisions for the purposes of scheduling is proposed. This approach is based on the representation of the model of organizational solutions in the form of a dynamic model that can compare, analyze and adapt the current state for achieving the main goal - execution of feasibility jobs of a construction organization.
    Key words: organizational-technological reliability, schedule, destabilizing factors, model of organizational decisions, dynamic model, logistic support.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Oleinik P. P., Grigoreva L. S., Brodsky V .I. Determining the degree of mobility of building systems. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2014, vol. 580-583, pp. 2294-2298.
    2. Ocheana L., Popescku D., Florea C. Rick and hazard prevention using remote intervention. Scientific bulletin, 2012, iss. 3, pp. 18-25.
    3. Bayar T. Associate editor better renewables risk management solutions emerge. Renewable Energy World, 2012, no. 3, pp. 22-24.
    4. Oleinik P. P., Votyakova O. N. Features scheduling in the reconstruction of power lines. Nauchnoe obozrenie, 2014, no. 11, pp. 339-341. (In Russian).
    5. Gusakov A. A. Organizatsionno-technologitceskaja nadjozhnost stroitelnogo proizvodstva (v uslovijach avtomatizirovannych system proektirovanija) [Organizational and technological reliability in the construction industry (in terms of automated systems design)]. Moscow, Strojizdat Publ., 1974. 252 p. (In Russian).
    6. Abdullaev G. I. The main directions of improving the reliability of construction processes. Ingenerno-stroitelnyj zhurnal, 2010, no. 4, pp. 59-60. (In Russian).
    7. Mukhametzyanov Z. R., Gusev E.V. Modern approach to the modeling of industrial construction technology. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitelstvo, 2012, no. 10, pp. 68-70. (In Russian).
    8. Gusev E. V., Mukhametzyanov Z. R. The concept of improving the reliability of organizational - technological solutions. Privolgskij nauchnyj zhurnal, 2014, no. 3, pp. 84-90. (In Russian).
    9. Mukhametzyanov Z. R. Systematic approach to process automation in construction project management. Pribory i sistemy. Upravlenie, kontrol, diagnostika, 2009, no. 8, pp. 7-11. (In Russian).
    10. Gusev E. V. Ovchinnikova M. S. Balanced calendar scheduling and organizational-technological simulation of construction: theory and practice. Vestnik Juzhno-Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012, no. 17 (276), pp 59-63. (In Russian).
  • CRITICISM AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • INFORMATION