Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) Web of Science

Contents of issue 11 (november) 2013

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  • Main Problems of Non-State Regulation in Construction and Directions of Its Reforming
  • UDC 061.25:624.131.3
    Mikhail I. BOGDANOV
    Abstract. On September 17 and 24, 2013 the newspaper "Kommersant" published an Open letter of the Engineers-Surveyors Community addressed to the Prime-Minister of the Russian Federation which caused the big resonance in the professional milieu. It contained an analysis of what the self-regulation in the construction industry has come for the past four years. It is shown that the self-regulation in construction is in critical condition, practically non-operable and needs urgent changes. On the example of internal interrelations at the National Association of Surveyors the problems of self-regulation in the branch are analyzed and certain ways of their solution are offered.
    Key words: self-regulation in construction, problems, reforming, National Association of Surveyors.
  • Engineering-Ecological Research: Existing Situation and Development Prospects
  • UDC 69.051:351.77
    Irina V. LANTSOVA
    Abstract. The place, value and features of the engineering-ecological research (EER) under the conditions of modern functioning of the prospecting branch as a whole are considered. Directions and prospects of the improvement of situation in the sphere of engineering research in the country are shown. The creation of a professional community - the Union of Surveyors of Russia - will make it possible to improve the situation in the branch, to combine efforts of high-qualified specialists and actively influence on the solution of the most important problems in the sphere of engineering research.
    Key words: engineering-ecological research, ecological safety, environmental risks, natural environment components.
  • Reducing the Anthropogenic Influence of Buildings and Structures on Soil Bases and Their Geomonitoring in Permafrost
  • UDC 624.139.2/.3
    Sergey N. STRIZHKOV
    Abstract. The problem of reducing the bearing capacity of foundation bed soils as a result of their thawing because of degradation of frozen soils in the process of operation of oil and gas field objects, buildings and structures constructed by traditional methods in permafrost is covered. Innovation methods of construction according to the first principle are presented. Innovative technical solutions with the use of systems of thermodynamic stabilization of foundation soils introduced into the practice of oil-gas-field designing and construction are analyzed. Design decisions are described. The economic efficiency of innovative technologies is shown.
    Key words: permafrost, thawing of permafrost soils, soil freezing, seasonally operating and naturally operating cooling units, degradation and thermodynamic stabilization of permafrost soils.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Hrustalev L. N., Parmuzin S. Ju., Emel'janova L. V. Nadezhnost' severnoj infrastruktury v uslovijah menjajushhegosja klimata. Moscow, Universitetskaja kniga Publ., 2011. 260 p.
    2. Pavlov A. V. Merzlotno-klimaticheskij monitoring Rossii: metodologija, rezul'taty nabljudenij, prognoz. Kriosfera Zemli, 1997, no. 1, pp. 47-58. (In Russian).
    3. Antropogennye izmenenija jekosistem Zapadno-Sibirskoj gazonosnoj provincii. Moscow, RASHN Publ., 2006. 358 p.
    4. Vasil'ev A. A., Drozdov D. S., Moskalenko N. G. Dinamika temperatury mnogoletnemerzlyh porod Zapadnoj Sibiri v svjazi s izmenenijami klimata. Kriosfera Zemli, 2008, vol. XII, no. 2, pp. 10-18. (In Russian).
    5. Vechnaja merzlota i osvoenie neftegazonosnyh rajonov. Moscow, GEOS Publ., 2002. 402 p.
    6. Strizhkov S. N. Ajeroteplovizionnye issledovanija i infrakrasnaja diagnostika sistem TSG. Truboprovodnyj transport (teorija i praktika), 2012, no. 4, pp. 22-25. (In Russian).
    7. Anisimov O. A., Nel'son F. Je., Pavlov A. V. Prognoznye scenarii jevoljucii kriolitozony pri global'nyh izmenenijah klimata v XXI v. Kriosfera Zemli, 1999, no. 4, pp. 15-25. (In Russian).
    8. Lachenbruch A. H., Marshall B.V. Changing climate: geothermal evidence from permafrost in the Alaskan arctic. Science, 1986, no. 4, pp. 689-696. (In Russian).
    9. Osterkamp T. E., Romanovsky V. E. Evidence for warming and thawing of discontinuous permafrost in Alaska. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 1999, no.10, pp. 17-37. (In Russian).
    10. Nelson F. E. Frozen in time: Science, 2003, no. 299, pp. 1673-1675. (In Russian).
    11. Majorowicz J. A., Skinner W. R. Anomalous ground warming versus surface air warming in the Canadian Prairie provinces. Climatic Change, 1997, no. 4, pp. 485-500.
    12. Dolgih G. M., Okunev S. N., Strizhkov S. N. Issledovanie SOU s ispol'zovaniem klimaticheskih kamer i v uslovijah opytno-promyshlenogo poligona. Mat. Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. po inzhenernomu merzlotovedeniju, posvjashhennoj 20-letiju OOO NPO "Fundamentstrojarkos". Tjumen', 2011, pp. 240-248. (In Russian).
    13. Dolgih G. M., Okunev S. N., Strizhkov S. N. Algoritm prinjatija tehnicheskih reshenij pri proektirovanii sistem TSG. Truboprovodnyj transport (teorija i praktika), 2012, no. 3, pp. 22-29. (In Russian).
  • Covered Karst: Necessary Conditions, Reasons and Signs of Sinkhole Formation
  • UDC 551.44
    Vadim S. KRASHENINNIKOV, Viktor P. KHOMENKO
    Abstract. The basic genetic types of sinkholes caused by development of the covered karst and anthropogenic factors are considered; a brief characteristic of the signs preceding the formation of these sinkholes is also given. A possibility of detection of these signs in the course of engineering investigations is evaluated. The clear identification of surface manifestations of the covered karst, zones of suffusion unconsolidation of incoherent rocks and zones of weakening of rocks of covering mass over the cavities makes it possible to improve the reliability of evaluation of karst danger for objects of industrial, civil and transport construction.
    Key words: covered karst, reasons for sinkhole formation, engineering investigations.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Dubljanskij V. N., Dubljanskaja G. N. Karstovedenie. Part 1. Obshhee karstovedenie. Perm, Perm. un-ta Publ., 2004. 308 p. (In Russian).
    2. Khomenko V. P. Karstovo-obval'nye provaly "prostogo" tipa: polevye issledovanija. Inzhenernaja geologija, 2009, no. 4, pp. 40-48. (In Russian).
    3. Khomenko V. P. Karstovo-obval'nye provaly "slozhnogo" tipa: fizicheskoe modelirovanie. Inzhenernaja geologija, 2009, no. 3, pp. 34-41. (In Russian).
    4. Khomenko V. P. Zakonomernosti i prognoz suffozionnyh processov. Moscow, GEOS Publ., 2003. 216 p. (In Russian).
    5. Chervinskaja O. P., Avezova K. R., Khomenko V. P. Karstologicheskaja interpretacija rezul'tatov jelektrorazvedki na ploshhadke proektiruemogo promyshlennogo predprijatija. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2009, no. 11, pp. 16-17. (In Russian).
    6. Krasheninnikov V. S., Khomenko V. P. Izuchenie pokryvajushhej tolshhi, kak odin iz vazhnejshih komponentov inzhenernyh izyskanij v rajonah pokrytogo karsta. Vestnik MGSU, 2011, no. 5, pp. 113-119. (In Russian).
  • Specific Properties of Eluvial Soils of the City of Chelyabinsk and Features of Construction on Them
  • UDC 624.131(470.55-25)
    Aleksey G. BARANOVSKIJ
    Abstract. Peculiarities of tectonic and geological structure of the territory in Chelyabinsk as well as main problems of construction on aluvial soils within the city are considered. The characteristic of specific properties of these soils and their dependence on the geological and hydrogeological conditions of the area are presented. Problems faced by designers in the course of designing, construction and operation of buildings erected on eluvial soils are described.
    Key words: eluvial soils, weathering, subsidence, square and linear weathering crust, intrusive massif.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Shvec V. B. E'lyuvial'nye grunty kak osnovaniya sooruzhenij. Moscow, Strojizdat Publ., 1993. 293 . (In Russian).
    2. Dubejkovskij S. G., Semakin V. P., Ovechkina O. N. Zakonomernosti formirovaniya geneticheskix tipov gruntov Urala i Zaural'ya. Inzhenernaya geologiya, 2008, no. 1, p. 24-26. (In Russian).
    3. Marichev V. P. Vzaimosvyaz' inzhenerno-geologicheskix svojstv e'lyuvial'nyx glinistyx gruntov. Mezhvuzovskij nauch. tematicheskij sb., no. 1. Gidrogeologiya i inzhenernaya geologiya Urala. 1976, p. 69-75. (In Russian).
    4. Dubejkovskij S. G., Bodin V. V., Ovechkina O. N., Yurtaev A. I. Osobennosti inzhenerno-geologicheskogo izucheniya e'lyuvial'nyx gruntov Urala. Inzhenernaya geologiya, 2010, no. 2, p. 36-42. (In Russian).
    5. Yarg L. A. Izmenenie fiziko-mexanicheskix svojstv porod pri vyvetrivanii. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 1974. 150 . (In Russian).
  • Definition of Temperature of Permafrost in the Layer of Annual Thermal Economies by Method of High-Resolution Electric Sounding
  • UDC 624.139.6
    Evgeny I. EMELYANOV, Vladimir M. BONDARENKO
    Abstract. Results of the definition of temperature in various depths by methods of its correlation with specific electrical resistance of the layer obtained with the use of high-resolution technology of electric sounding applied in Krasnoyarsk Region are described. Results obtained are compared with data of calculation of penetration of an actual temperature wave on different depths.
    Key words: temperature, temperature conductivity, annual temperature wave, distribution of rocks temperature, specific electrical resistance, correlation dependences, lithological type, permafrost, high-resolution electric sounding.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Neradovskij L. G. Opyt izuchenija vlijanija temperatury na udel'noe ehlektricheskoe soprotivlenie merzlykh gruntov. Geofizika, 2013, no. 1, pp. 67-70. (In Russian).
    2. Frolov A. D. Ehlektricheskie i uprugie svojstva merzlykh porod i l'dov. Pushhino : PNC RAN Publ., 1998. 515 p.
    3. Ten K. M. Al'ternativnaja ehlektrorazvedka. Moscow, Sherna Publ., 2008. 110 p.
    4. Bondarenko V. M., Vertel' A. Eh., Emel'janov E. I., Ten K. M. Ocenka vodoobil'nosti uglenosnoj tolshhi uchastka "Vostochnyj" Ehlegestskogo mestorozhdenija (Respublika Tyva) metodom vysokorazreshajushhego ehlektricheskogo zondirovanija. Izv. vuzov. Ser. Geologija i razvedka, 2011, no. 4, pp. 48-57. (In Russian).
    5. Inzhenernaja geologija SSSR. Vol. 3. Vostochnaja Sibir'. Moscow St. Univ. Publ., 1977. 657 p.
  • Imaging of Anomalies of Physical and Mechanical Properties of Soils in Geophysical Fields
  • UDC 550.8.023/.028
    Viktor A. BEREZNEV, Vyacheslav V. NIKIFOROV, Igor A. SANFIROV
    Abstract. Results of the complex study on the subsided area of the city of Berezniki in connection with the formation of deformations and cracks in the church building are presented. According to the results of seismic surveys abnormal parts of the structure of a terrigenous-carbonate post-salt stratum have been identified. Drilling with separation of geological boundaries has been conducted; physical and mechanical properties of soils and the groundwater level have been determined. Experimental-filtration works, geophysical logging (caliper logging, resistivimetry) have been made; intervals of underground water flows have been determined. The well is equipped for hydrological monitoring. On the basis of the complex study results the integral estimate of conditions of the terrigenous-carbonate stratum at the site tested is made.
    Key words: physical and mechanical properties of soil, subsided area, seismic survey, abnormal areas, tensile strength, geophysical logging, hydro-geological monitoring.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Bereznev V. A., Nikiforov V. V. Inzhenerno-geologicheskie metody issledovaniya texnogennyx processov. Inzhenernye izyskaniya v stroitel'stve : materialy sed'moj obshheros. konf. izyskatel'skikh organizacij. Moscow, Geomarketing Publ., 2011, 236 . (In Russian).
    2. Sanfirov I. A. Rudnichnye zadachi sejsmorazvedki MOGT. Ekaterinburg, UrO RAN, 1996. 167 p. (In Russian).
    3. Yaroslavcev A. G., Zhikin A. A. Osobennosti cifrovoj obrabotki sejsmorazvedochnykh dannykh pri izuchenii maloglubinnoj kalijnoj zalezhi. Gornyj informacionno-analiticheskij byulleten', 2012, no. 5, p. 188-193. (In Russian).
    4. Nikiforov V. V. Inzhenerno-geologicheskie issledovaniya negativnyx posledstvij texnogennykh processov. Gornyj informacionnyj analiticheskij byulleten', 2013, no. 4, p. 390- 396. (In Russian).
  • About Influence of a Divisionary Line on Stress-Strain State of Building Foundations in the Zone of New Construction
  • UDC 624.131.5
    Irina N. CHIZH
    Abstract. Results of small-scale tray and numerical experiments on research of the influence of new construction on the surrounding buildings are presented. Design and results of experiments in the testing machine MF-1 with the use of strain gauges for measuring stresses in the soil foundation are given. On the basis of the analysis of study results the recommendations on designing of objects under constrained conditions are offered; among other things the table of optimal length of a groove of protective barrier for different structural systems of buildings has been drawn up.
    Key words: buildings and structures, soil foundation, foundation, enclosing sheeting, experiment, stress-strain state.
  • REFERENCES
    1. A. M. Krygina, S. G. Emel'janov, S. P. Ivanov, A. M. Samohvalov. Osobennosti ucheta deformacionnyh povrezhdenij zdanij i sooruzhenij istoricheskoj zastrojki pri rekonstrukcii. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 2, p. 12-15. (In Russian).
    2. Brovko I. S., Brovko E. I. O rekonstrukcii fundamentov i reguliruemom vyravnivanii krenov zdanij. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 4, p. 46-47. (In Russian).
    3. Brovko I. S., Brovko E. I. Novyj podhod k usileniju fundamentov rekonstruiruemyh zdanij i sooruzhenij na baze gorizontal'noj bestranshejnoj prohodki skvazhin. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 2, p. 79-80. (In Russian).
    4. Rekomendacii po proektirovaniju i ustrojstvu osnovanij i fundamentov pri vozvedenii zdanij vblizi sushhestvujushhih v uslovijah plotnoj zastrojki v g. Moskve. Moscow, GUP "NIAC" Publ., 1999. 56 . (In Russian).
    5. Chizh I. N., Skibin G. M. Jeksperimental'noe modelirovanie vzaimodejstvija sosednih fundamentov, razdelennyh shpuntovym ograzhdeniem. Izv. vuzov. Severo-Kavkazskij region. Ser. Tehnicheskie nauki. 2013, no. 4, pp. 54-58. (In Russian).
  • Water Absorption of Saponite-Containing Tails of Kimberlite Ore Dressing
  • UDC 691.535
    Marina V. MOROZOVA, Arkady M. AYZENSTADT, Alexander S. TUTYGIN
    Abstract. A possibility to use the saponite-containing material as an additive to the concrete mix is considered; the dynamics of its water absorption over the time is studied. The calculation of composition of fine concrete of B15 strength grade is made. It is proposed to use the saponite-containing tails of kimberlite ore dressing as a high-grained additive regulating the water/cement ratio when producing the concrete composite.
    Key words: saponite-containing materials, water absorption, concrete composite, frost-resistance of concrete, tails of kemberlite ore dressing.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Bazhenov Yu. M. Tekhnologiya betona. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2002. 500 p. (In Russian).
    2. Dobshic L. M. Osnovy polucheniya dolgovechnykh betonov. Stroitel'noe materialovedenie. Teoriya i praktika : sb. tr. Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. Moscow, SIP RIA Publ., 2006, pp. 39-45. (In Russian).
    3. Korshunov A. A. Geologicheskoe obosnovanie skladirovaniya i ispol'zovaniya otkhodov obogashheniya kimberlitovykh rud (na primere mestorozhdeniya almazov im. M. V. Lomonosova) : Avtoref. dis. kand. tekhn. nauk. Arkhangel'sk, AGTU Publ., 2010. 23 p. (In Russian).
    4. Arkhangel'skaya almazonosnaya provinciya (geologiya, petrografiya, geokhimiya i mineralogiya). Moscow, MGU Publ., 1999, 524 p. (In Russian).
    5. Malov A. I. Ocenka fonovogo sostoyaniya i antropogennogo zagryazneniya tyazhelymi metallami pochv i donnykh otlozhenij yugo-vostochnogo Belomor'ya. Geoe'kologiya. 2000, no. 1, pp. 144-149. (In Russian).
    6. Vliyanie prirody e'lektrolita na process koagulyacii saponit-soderzhashhej suspenzii / A.S. Tutygin, M. A. Ajzenshtadt, A. M. Ajzenshtadt, T. A. Makhova. Geoe'kologiya, no. 5, pp. 379-383. (In Russian).
    7. Veshnyakova L. A., Ajzenshtadt A. M. Optimizaciya granulometricheskogo sostava smesej dlya polucheniya melkozernistykh betonov. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 10, pp. 19-22. (In Russian).
  • Planning of Capital and Running Repair and Construction Work Using Methods of Dynamic Programming
  • UDC 69.059.25:004
    Olga N. POPOVA, Aleksey Yu. LUKIN
    Abstract. Methods of planning of capital and running repairs on the basis of models of dynamic programming are considered. This methodology is based on the definition of optimal periodicity of repair-construction works of structural elements of buildings with due regard for dynamics of the growth of physical wear and minimization of expenditures necessary for major repairs and corrective maintenance for each time period of object operation.
    Key words: planning of running and capital repairs, dynamic programming, housing stock.
  • REFERECES
    1. Rakovskijj V. I., Popova O. N. Optimizacija vosproizvodstvennykh processov obnovlenija zhilishhnogo fonda goroda posredstvom primenenija metodov matematicheskogo modelirovanija. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 10, pp. 32-34. (In Russian).
    2. Takha, Khemdi A. Vvedenie v issledovanie operacijj. Moscow, Vil'jams Publ., 2005. 912 p. (In Russian).
    3. Rogonskijj V. A., Kostric A. I., Sherjakov V. F. [i dr.] Ehkspluatacionnaja nadezhnost' zdanijj i sooruzhenijj. St. Peterburg, Strojjizdat SPb Publ., 2004. 172 p. (In Russian).
    4. Rojjtman A. G. Nadezhnost' konstrukcijj ehkspluatiruemykh zdanijj. Moscow, Strojjizdat Publ., 1985. 175 p. (In Russian).
    5. Tarasevich E. I Upravlenie ehkspluataciejj nedvizhimosti. St. Peterburg, MKS Publ., 2006. 838 p. (In Russian).
    6. Popova O. N., Simankina T. L. Metodika otsenki resursa rabotosposobnosti konstruktivnykh elementov zhilykh zdaniy. Inzhenerno-stroitel'nyy zhurnal, 2013, no. 7(42), pp. 40-50. (In Russian).
  • Peculiarities of Conducting Engineering Surveys in the Course of Examination, Reconstruction and Capital Repair of Objects on Territories of a Fuel and Energy Complex
  • UDC 624.131.542:69.059.25
    Vladimir A. ANFEROV, Elena V. NOVIKOVA
    Abstract. Results of the field inspection of buildings of social and cultural services and educational institutions located on subsided territories of the former mines of the Donetsk coal basin are presented. Measures for designing buildings for capital repair and reconstruction works are substantiated. The main causes of crack formation in foundations and walls are soil settlings in the zone of an exhaust stratum and longwall faces of coal pits.
    Key words: engineering-geological investigations, fuel and energy complex, investigation of buildings, strengthening foundations, engineering networks.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Zajcev A. K. Nekotorye metodicheskie rekomendacii po provedeniju inzhenerno-geodezicheskikh rabot. Inzhenernye izyskanija, 2011, no. 11, pp. 34-36. (In Russian).
    2. Kozlovskij S. V., Sheshenja N. L. Monitoring opasnykh inzhenerno-geologicheskikh processov. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2009, no. 11, pp. 7-8. (In Russian).
    3. Klaus Brendow. Global and Regional Coal Demand Perspectives to 2030 and Beyond. U. N. European Economic Commission, 2004, pp. 131-148.
    4. Vesic A. S. Bearing capacity of deep foundation in sand. Highway research record, 1963, no. 39, pp. 112-153.
  •  
  • Methods for Optimizing Industrial Areas
  • UDC 711.554
    Anna V. ABAKUMOVA
    Abstract. Methods for optimizing industrial areas becoming degraded with the purpose of their efficient re-using are presented. Today the development of strategies and concepts of conversion of industrial areas, removal of harmful or unused enterprises from historical centers and the city in whole are topical issues for many cities. On the basis of studied scientific works and considered trends and approaches to new functional content of former industrial areas the author of article has allocated eight ways of their optimization: restructuring, rehabilitation, conversion, integration, urban reconstruction, modification, social optimization, internal change. The use of these methods will make it possible to include degraded industrial areas in modern urban environment and ensure the qualitative development of the city.
    Key words: industrial areas, optimization techniques, degrading areas, conversion of enterprises, urban environment.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Chajko D. S. Sovremennye napravleniya integracii istoricheskikh proizvodstvennykh ob"ektov v gorodskuyu sredu: dis. : kand. arxit. Moscow, 2007. 194 p. (In Russian).
    2. Lavrov V. A. Razvitie planirovochnoj struktury istoricheski slozhivshikhsya gorodov: monografiya. Moscow, Strojizdat Publ., 1977. 175 p. (In Russian).
    3. Voronina N. V. Formirovanie promyshlennogo rajona v ust'e Nevy: istoriko-kul'turnye aspekty : dis. : kand. arxit. SPb, 2006. 144 p. (In Russian).
    4. Reorganizaciya proizvodstvennykh territorij goroda Moskvy: e'konomicheskie, organizacionnye i gradostroitel'nye aspekty / P. I. Burak, V. G. Rostanec, A. N. Kirillova [i dr.]. Moscow, E'konomika Publ., 2005. 399 p. (In Russian).
  • Foreign Experience in Construction of Equestrian Clubs
  • UDC 725.88:798.2(-87)
    Mikhail B. PANKOV
    Abstract. Today, in many countries of the world wide popularity is won by equestrian centers which are places of the following functional processes: competitions, services to visitors, keeping of horses. England, Germany, France and Finland are world leaders in equestrian industry. It is obvious that the structures of equestrian centers in these countries are an example of the organization of horse farms. The article also gives the description of equestrian centers in USA, Canada and Australia.
    Key words: equestrian club, equestrian center, stable, manege, horse farm.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Pankov M. B. Funktsional'nye aspekty proektirovaniya konnosportivnykh tsentrov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2011. 12. S. 60-62.
    2. URL: http://www.ayrequestrian. co.uk (data obrashcheniya: 19.06.2012).
    3. URL: http://www. clubhippiquemeaux.com (data obrashcheniya: 19.06.2012).
    4. URL: http://www.c-h-v.fr (data obrashcheniya: 17.06.2012).
    5. URL: http://www.le-cheval-bleu.fr (data obrashcheniya: 17.06.2012).
    6. URL: http://www.reitzentrum- gartow.de (data obrashcheniya: 6.05.2012).
    7. URL: http://www.horseforte.fi (data obrashcheniya: 21.08.2012).
    8. URL: http://www. equitacionalandalus.com (data obrashcheniya: 19.06.2012).
    9. URL: http://www. clubhipicodecordoba.com (data obrashcheniya: 16.06.2012).
    10. URL: http://www.tampiteller.ch (data obrashcheniya: 16.06.2012).
    11. Merlen P. Novye goroda: rayonnaya planirovka i gradostroitel'stvo; per. s fr. / pod red. S. D. Komarova. M.: Progress, 1975. 251 s.
    12. URL: http://www. bridlehillfarm.com (data obrashcheniya: 7.07.2012).
    13. URL: http://www.potomachorse. com (data obrashcheniya: 7.07.2012).
    14. URL: http://www. providenceequestrian.com (data obrashcheniya: 7.07.2012).
    15. URL: http://www. equitationtremblant.com (data obrashcheniya: 7.07.2012).
    16. URL: http://www. galstonequestrianclub.org.au (data obrashcheniya: 7.07.2012).
    17. URL: http://www. highlandsequestrian.com.au (data obrashcheniya: 6.05.2012).
    18. URL: http://www. stgeorgehorsecentre.com (data obrashcheniya: 7.07.2012).
  •  
  • The Use of Reinforcement of An600C Class for Reinforcement of Multi-Hollow Reinforced Concrete Floor Slabs
  • UDC 624.012.454:691.87:691.714
    Ehmil' N. KODYSH, Nikolaj N. TREKIN, Kirill E. SOSEDOV
    Abstract. A brief description of the reinforcement of A600C Class (brand 20G2SFBA), its distinctive features and technical characteristics are given. The use of this reinforcement in multi-hollow reinforced concrete floor slabs of 220 mm height without reinforcement pre-stressing is considered; analytical dependences of determining the optimum reinforcement and span of multi-hollow slabs with reinforcement of An600S and A500S Classes for strength, cracks opening and deformability are presented; the boundary of rational use of multi-hollow slabs without reinforcement pre-stressing is defined.
    Key words: reinforced concrete structures, calculation, multi-hollow slabs, thermo-mechanically hardened steel, rational use.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Madatyan S. A. Osnovy primeneniya v zhelezobetone vysokoprochnoj stal'noj armatury. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 1, pp. 17-20. (In Russian).
    2. Madatjan S. A. Svojjstva armatury zhelezobetonnykh konstrukcijj v Rossii na urovne luchshikh mirovykh standartov. Beton i zhelezobeton, 2013, no. 5, . 2-5. (In Russian).
    3. Kodysh E'. N., Nikitin I. K., Trekin N. N. Raschet zhelezobetonnyx konstrukcij iz tyazhelogo betona po prochnosti, treshhinostojkosti i deformaciyam. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2010, 352 p. (In Russian).
  • On the Issue of Using the Additional Finite Element Method in Engineering Practice
  • UDC 624.04:512.83
    Mikhail V. BERLINOV, Egor A. MAKARENKOV
    Abstract. In the course of inspection of the state of buildings structures it is necessary as accurately as possible to determine the strength reserve and damage rate of structures. The use of the additional finite element method as applied to three-dimensional finite elements that leads to modifications of the calculation algorithm is considered. Methods of nonlinear parameters calculation for presenting the real physics of reinforced concrete structure behavior are described. The method of simulation of structures with the help of three-dimensional finite elements is taken into account.
    Key words: additional finite elements, nonlinear functions, reinforced concrete structures, engineering inspection of structures.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Ermakova A. V. Metod dopolnitel'nykh konechnykh ehlementov dlja rascheta zhelezobetonnykh konstrukcijj po predel'nym sostojanijam. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2007. Pp. 25-70. (In Russian).
    2. Klovanich S. F., Bezushko D. I. Metod konechnykh ehlementov v nelinejjnykh raschetakh prostranstvennykh zhelezobetonnykh konstrukcijj. Odessa, OMNU Publ., 2009. Pp. 11-32. (In Russian).
    3. Bondarenko V. M., Bondarenko S. V. Inzhenernye metody nelinejjnojj teorii zhelezobetona. Moscow, Strojjizdat Publ., 1982. Pp. 43-79. (In Russian).
    4. Galustov K. Z. Vliyanie polzuchesti betona na napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie zhelezobetonnykh sooruzheniy. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2008, no. 6, pp. 54-56. (In Russian).
  • Trussing Structure: a Segmental Chord Arch
  • UDC 624.072.32:624.14
    Alexander M. IBRAGIMOV, Igor S. KUKUSHKIN
    Abstract. A new building structure for coverings of building, a segmental chord arch, consisting of a divided top chord and radial ties is presented. There is an opportunity to use this structure at a certain load on the covering (permanent or snow). The unification of elements of the structure and their designing is made with due regard for a "survivability" property. The developed structural solutions reduce costs of transportation, assembly and installation and also materials for production of the arch.
    Key words: rafter design, segmental chord arch, survivability, combined designs of coverings, local collapse.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Kuznetsov I. L., Kamalov A. Z. Analitiko-chislennyy metod opredeleniya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya i kriticheskoy nagruzki arok. Izvestiya vuzov. Ser. Stroitel'stvo, 1991, no. 12, pp. 5-19. (In Russian).
    2. Pal'mov D. A., Kuznetsov I. L., Kamalov A. Z. Analitiko-chislennyy metod opredeleniya napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya arok s khordovymi zatyazhkami. Vestnik TGASU, 2007, no. 4, pp. 97-102. (In Russian).
    3. Ibragimov A. M., Kukushkin I. S. Analiz "zhivuchesti" luchevoy arki. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 8, pp. 63-65. (In Russian).
    4. Eremeev P. G. Sovremennye stal'nye konstruktsii bol'sheproletnykh pokrytiy unikal'nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009. 336 p. (In Russian).
  • Prognosis of Vibration Levels of Buildings from Underground Train Traffic
  • UDC 699.842
    Mikhail A. DASHEVSKIJ, Vladimir L. MONDRUS
    Abstract. Results of the numerical simulation of wave propagation in soil caused by underground train traffic in a shallow tunnel are considered. Vibration accelerations have been obtained according to field measurements during the movement of trains at different lines of the Moscow subway. Results obtained make it possible to determine the best locations for equipment installation in the adjoining workshop, in which the precision equipment is placed as well as to set requirements for structures of a building to ensure the desired vibrations levels.
    Key words: subway, vibration, high precision equipment, finite element method, wave propagation, stratified soil.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Mondrus V. L., Smirnov V. A. Vibrozashhita vysokotochnogo oborudovanija ot nizkochastotnyh kolebanij. ACADEMIA. Arhitektura i stroitel'stvo, 2011, no. 1, p. 109- 111. (In Russian).
    2. Rekomendacii po vibrozashhite nesushhih konstrukcij proizvodstvennyh zdanij. CNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko. Moscow, 1988, 217 p. (In Russian).
    3. Smirnov V. A. Metody razmeshhenija vysokotochnogo oborudovanija v sushhestvujushhih zdanijah. Zhilishhnoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 6, pp. 76-77. (In Russian).
    4. Mondrus V. L., Smirnov V. A. Chislennoe modelirovanie sistemy vibrozashhity transmissionnogo jelektronnogo mikroskopa. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 6, p. 48-49. (In Russian).
    5. Dashevskij M. A. Prognoz dinamicheskih vozdejstvij na sooruzhenija, raspolozhennye vblizi trass metro. Stroitel'naja mehanika i raschet sooruzhenij, 1982, no. 4, p. 36-40. (In Russian).
    6. Dashevskij M. A., Kolotovichev Ju. A., Mondrus V. L. Problema rasprostranenija kolebanij v sploshnoj srede pri dvizhenii poezdov metropolitena kak vneshnjaja kraevaja zadacha dlja sistemy uravnenij Gel'mgol'ca. Vestnik NIC "Stroitel'stvo". 2010, no. 2, p. 53-64. (in Russian).
    7. Dashevskij M. A., Mondrus V. L. Nelinejnaja vibrozashhitnaja sistema "VSP" dlja verhnego stroenija puti metropolitena. Razrabotka i realizacija. Vestnik MGSU, 2008, no. 1, p. 82- 93. (In Russian).
    8. Smirnov V. A. Sintez sistem vibrozashhity maloj zhestkosti. Integracija, partnerstvo i innovacii v stroitel'noj nauke i obrazovanii : sb. tr. mezhdunar. nauch. konf. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2011, vol. 1, p. 184-190. (In Russian).
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  • On the Issue of Quality of Modern Building Codes
  • UDC 69(083.75)
    Alexander G. PAUSHKIN, Lyudmila I. CHERKASOVA, Mikhail N. IVANOV
    Abstract. On a few examples, the problems of quality of normative documents on inspection and monitoring of the technical state of building structures are analyzed. It is noted, that the conceptual-terminological base of one of standards departs from the conventional base, on which the laws of Russia and current normative documents in the field of construction, in particular concerning the concepts of reliability of building structures and limit states associated with this term, are based.
    Key words: examination, monitoring, technical condition of constructions, Russian construction norms, quality.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Dzhinchvelashvili G. A., Mkrtychev O. V., Sosnin A. V. Analiz osnovnykh polozhenijj SP 14.13330.2011 "SNiP II-7-81* Stroitel'stvo v sejjsmicheskikh rajjonakh". Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2011, no. 9, pp. 17-21. (In Russian).
    2. Cherkasova L. I., Ivanov M. N., Paushkin A. G., Alekseev G. V. Analiz sistem otsenok tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya ispol'zuemykh v praktike obsledovaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Vestnik MGSU, 2008, no. 2, pp. 134-144. (In Russian).
  • About New Version of SP 14.13330.2011 SNiP II-7-81* Construction in Seismic Regions
  • UDC 699.841(083.75)
    Vladimir I. SMIRNOV
    Abstract. Changes amended in SP 14.13330.2011 "SNiP II-7-81* Construction in Seismic Region" by developers of TSNIISK named after V. A. Kucherenko on instructions of the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia are discussed. The 2013 version takes into account remarks and proposals of specialists from many organizations of the country. Provisions of the Code of practice have been adjusted in accordance with the requirements of Federal laws and harmonized with the Eurocode 8 "Design of structures for earthquake resistance".
    Key words: earthquake resistance, seismic intensity, seismic actions, structural requirements.
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  • Protection Of Urban Areas From Water Flooding
  • UDC 627.5/.6
    Mikhail I. BALZANNIKOV, Vladimir V. KRUGLIKOV, Andrey A. MIKHASEK
    Abstract. The article deals with emergency situations in residential areas which lead to devastating consequences caused by the aquatic environment. The importance of preventing such situations and, particularly, flooding of residential areas is specified. Results of surveying the urban development area located at the mouth of a river are given. The specific feature of the area is the low ground level. In order to prevent the flooding of area being developped by floodwater of low probability it is offered to use the existing linear infrastructure - roads and dams.
    Key words: urban area, urban area infrastructure, flooding, high water, protection measures.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Shabanov V. A., Bal'zannikov M. I., Ryzhov V. A. Puti povysheniya effektivnosti i nadezhnosti gravitatsionnykh plotin iz malotsementnogo betona. Gidrotekhnicheskoe stroitel'stvo, 2001, no. 12, pp. 2-7. (In Russian).
    2. Shabanov V. A., Akhmedova E. A., Bal'zannikov M. I. Kontseptsiya razvitiya beregovoy linii reki v predelakh krupnogo goroda. Vestnik Volzhskogo regional'nogo otdeleniya Ros. akad. arkhit. i stroit. nauk. Vol. 7. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2004, pp. 27-31. (In Russian).
    3. Bal'zannikov M. I., Seliverstov V. A. Osobennosti vybora osnovnykh parametrov konstruktsii vodovypusknogo sooruzheniya sektsionnogo tipa krupnoy nasosnoy stantsii. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2010, no. 8, pp. 17-19. (In Russian).
    4. Bal'zannikov M. I., Shakarna S. M. Veroyatnostnaya otsenka ustoychivosti otkosov gruntovykh plotin. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel'stvo i arkhitektura, 2011, no. 1, pp. 92-95. (In Russian).
    5. Bal'zannikov M. I., Rodionov M. V., Senitskiy Yu. E. Povyshenie ekspluatatsionnoy nadezhnosti nizkonapornykh gidrotekhnicheskikh ob"ektov s gruntovymi plotinami. Privolzhskiy nauchnyy zhurnal, 2012, no. 2, pp. 35-40. (In Russian).
    6. Bal'zannikov M. I., Galitskova Yu. M. Zashchita beregovykh sklonov ot razrusheniya. Ekobaltika 2006 : Sb. trudov VI Mezhdunar. molodezhnogo ekologicheskogo foruma stran Baltiyskogo regiona. St. Peterburg, SPbGPU Publ., 2006, pp. 58-60. (In Russian).
    7. Bal'zannikov M. I. Vodokhranilishcha energeticheskikh ob"ektov i ikh vozdeystvie na okruzhayushchuyu sredu. Energoaudit, 2007, no. 1, pp. 32-35. (In Russian).
    8. Bal'zannikov M. I., Lukenyuk E. V. Ispol'zovanie geoinformatsionnoy sistemy operativnogo ekologicheskogo monitoringa dlya upravleniya kachestvom okruzhayushchey sredy. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory, 2008, no. 2, pp. 3-5. (In Russian).
    9. Bal'zannikov M. I., Rodionov M. V., Selivyerstov V. A. Povyshenie ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti ekspluatiruemykh gruntovykh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy. Vestnik SGASU. Gradostroitel'stvo i arkhitektura, 2011, no. 1, pp. 100-105. (In Russian).
    10. Bal'zannikov M. I., Galitskova Yu. M., Bolotova A. A. Geoekologicheskie aspekty antropogennogo vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu pri vedenii stroitel'stva v predelakh gorodskoy territorii. Vestnik Volzhskogo regional'nogo otdeleniya Ros. akad. arkhit. i stroit. nauk. Vol. 16. N. Novgorod, NNGASU Publ., 2013, pp. 132-135. (In Russian).
  • The Use of Deformation Control Technologies for Preventing Emergency Situations Caused by Channel Processes
  • UDC 627.522
    Viktor Yu. NOVIKOV
    Abstract. Monitoring of the structures using advanced technical tools makes it possible to restore the historical complexes, preventing the destruction of objects. The use of up-to-date technologies of deformation control over conditions of buildings is reasonable for taking preventive protective measures in the form of construction of coast protecting hydrotechnical structures. Monitoring helps to define the priorities of investment and construction of coast-protecting objects for preventing emergency situations of natural and anthropogenic character as a result of negative impact of waters on urbanized territories.
    Key words: cultural monuments, monitoring, non-uniform settlements, coast protection, historical complex.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Novikov V. Yu. Osobennosti stroitel'stva i ekspluatatsii ob"ektov na beregakh rek i vodokhranilishch, podverzhennykh razrusheniyu. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2010, no. 5, pp. 63-65. (In Russian).
    2. Abelev M. Yu. Strakhovanie stroitel'stva. Moscow, GASIS Publ., 2000. 57 p. (In Russian).
    3. Novikov V. Yu. Formirovanie pribrezhnogo prostranstva pri sokhranenii pamyatnika kul'tury i arkhitektury. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 9, pp. 72-75. (In Russian).
    4. Baykov M. Yu. Luchshe odin raz uvidet'. Geoprofi, 2012, no. 3, pp.14-16. (In Russian).
    5. Ostyakova A. V. Vzaimodeystvie potoka i rusla na nachal'noy stadii formirovaniya dannogo rel'efa. Moscow, MGSU Publ., 2005. 194 p. (In Russian).
    6. Novikov V. Yu. Aspekty beregozashchity. Rybinsk, Rybinskoe podvor'e Publ., 2009. 160 p. (In Russian).
    7. Makkaveev N. I., Chalov R. S. Ruslovye protsessy. Moscow, St. Univ. Publ., 1986. 263 p. (In Russian).
    8. Kondrat'ev N. E., Popov I. V., Snishchenko B. F. Osnovy gidromorfologicheskoy teorii ruslovogo protsessa. Leningrad, Gidrometizdat Publ., 1982. 270 p. (In Russian).
    9. Voda ili neft'? Moscow, MPPA VIMPA Publ., 2008. 456 p.
    10. Rossinskiy K. I., Debol'skiy V. K. Rechnye nanosy. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980. 214 p. (In Russian).
  • Methods of Forecasting Development of Corrosion Damages of Underground Gas-Distribution Networks
  • UDC 622.691.4(-21):620.197
    Viktor A. ZHILA, Maxim I. BOTNAR
    Abstract. Methods of the analysis of corrosion damages which are the main reason for leakage of underground steel pipelines are presented. This methodology makes it possible to assess the rate of corrosion damages development and to compose the time schedule of repair works. The dependence of the corrosion rate on the soil ohmic resistance has been determined. Data obtained can be used to calculate the reliability of gas distribution networks. Indexes of corrosion damageability make it possible to plan necessary measures for conducting repair-and-renewal operations on underground pipelines.
    Key words: steel underground pipelines, corrosion damage, corrosion rate, soil ohmic resistance.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Specifications and requirements for intelligent pig inspection of pipelines. Version 3.2. Pipeline Operator Forum, 2005.
    2. Mehanizm jelektrohimicheskoj korrozii metallov. Rezhim dostupa: http://corrosion.su/the_mechanism_of_ electroche mical_corrosion_of_metals.php. (data obrashhenija: 10.06.13). (In Russian).
    3. Gagarin V. G., Guvernjuk S. V., Lushin K. I. Modelirovanie jemissii volokon iz mineralovatnogo uteplitelja navesnoj fasadnoj sistemy s ventiliruemoj proslojkoj. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 9, p. 29-31. (In Russian).
    4. Rymarov A. G., Lushin K. I. Teplovoj rezhim teploizolirovannogo truboprovoda sistemy holodnogo vodosnabzhenija. Nauka. Stroitel'stvo. Obrazovanie: nauch.-prakt. internet-zhurn, 2012, no. 1. URL: http:// nso-journal.ru (data obrashhenija: 21.09.2013). (In Russian).
    5. Zhila V. A., Klochko A. K., Spirina E. A. Opredelenie zatrat na stroitel'stvo gazoraspredelitel'nyh setej metodom naimen'shih kvadratov. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Ser. Politematicheskaja, 2012, vol. 3 (23). URL: http://vestnik. vgasu.ru/?source=4&articleno=1104 (data obrashhenija: 21.09.2013).
    6. Havanov P. A., Zhila V. A., Markevich Ju. G. Raschet sistem teplosnabzhenija po faktoram nadezhnosti i jekonomichnosti. Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Ser.: Politematicheskaja, 2012, vol. 3 (23). URL: http://vestnik.vgasu.ru/?source=4 &articleno=1026 (data obrashhenija 20.09.2013). (In Russian).
    7. Chashin S. M., Vershinin V. P., Danilov A. I. Naprjazhenno-deformirovannoe sostojanie svarnyh muft dlja remonta gazoprovodov. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2011, no. 3, p. 55-57. (In Russian).
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  • The Use Of Methods Of Economic Psychology In The Management Of Energy-Saving Multi-Family Homes
  • UDC 691.004.18
    Irina L. GREBNEVA, Alexandr N. DMITRIEV
    Abstract. The article deals with problems of increasing multi flat dwellings energy efficiency. Using the theory of economic psychology ways to motivate different categories of tenants to invest in energy saving measures have been considered. The measures classification, ranging on dwelling types and their estimating and selecting methods are worked out. Economic-organizational mechanism of implementation with a state stimulation is proposed.
    Key words: energy efficiency, economic psychology, energy efficiency measures, homeowners.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Aleksandrova T. V. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti otnosheniy k energosberezheniyu i ikh struktura u detey 6-10 let : dis. ... kand. psikhol. nauk. Kazan', 2002.153 p. (In Russian).
    2. Karl Erik Warneryd. The Psyhology of Saving: A Study on Economic Psyhology. Published by Edward Elgar Publ., Cheltenham, UK, 1999, pp. 26, 270-272.
    3. Stephen E. G. Lea. The Individual in the Economy Digit: A Textbook of Economic Psychology. Cambridge University press (1987) printed version, 2009, pp. 29-35,174-176, 222-229.
    4. Dmitriev A. N., Grebneva I. L. Osobennosti povysheniya energoeffektivnosti i mer po stimulirovaniyu energosberegayushchikh meropriyatiy v zhilishchnom sektore. Moscow, REU im. G. V. Plekhanova Publ., 2012. 176 p. (In Russian).
    5. Grebneva I. L., Dmitriev A. N. Problemy energosberezheniya v Rossii i puti ikh resheniya. Sovremennye tendentsii v ekonomike i upravlenii: novyy vzglyad: sbornik materialov XI Mezhdunar. nauch.-ekonomich. konf. : v 2 p. Part. 2. Novosibirsk : NGTU Pabl., 2011, pp. 105-109. (In Russian).
    6. Leibenstain X. Effekt prisoedineniya k bol'shinstvu, effekt snoba i effekt Veblena v teorii pokupatel'skogo sprosa. Teoriya potrebitel'skogo povedeniya i sprosa / per. s angl. SPb, Ekonomicheskaya shkola Publ., 1993, pp. 305-324. (In Russian).
    7. Dmitriev A. N., Monastyrev P. V., Sborshchikov S. B. Energosberezhenie v rekonstruiruemykh zdaniyakh. Moscow, ASV Pabl., 2008. 208 p. (In Russian).
    8. Dmitriev A. N., Tabunshchikov Yu. A., Shilkin N. V. Rukovodstvo po otsenke ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti investitsiy v energosberegayushchie meropriyatiya. Moscow, AVOK-Press Pabl, 2005. 120 p. (In Russian).
    9. Ivanov G. S., Dmitriev A. N. Problema energosberezheniya v zdaniyakh v teplofizicheskom i ekonomicheskom aspektakh tekhnicheskogo normirovaniya. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 1998, no.10, pp. 19-22. (In Russian).
    10. Vasil'ev G. P., Dmitriev A. N. Povyshenie energeticheskoy effektivnosti zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy v Moskve. Arkhitektura i stroitel'stvo Moskvy, 2011, no. 1 (555), pp. 19-24. (In Russian).
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  • Development of Methods of Optimization of Resource Allocation in Scheduling of Construction on the Basis of Genetic Algorithms
  • UDC 65.012.21
    Valery Ya. MISHCHENKO, Dmitry I. EMELYANOV, Alexander A. TIKHONENKO
    Abstract. The possibility and expediency of application of genetic algorithms for calculating the calendar plans of construction work using the network matrix models is shown. The algorithm version developed by the article's authors uses the non-standard method of non-binary encoding of chromosomes which is more efficient than the binary encoding for tasks of this class. Results of the tests which demonstrate the principal perspectiveness of the selected way are presented.
    Key words: scheduling, optimization, simulation, algorithm, allocation of resources.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Mishchenko V. Ja., Emel'janov D. I., Tikhonenko A. A. Obosnovanie celesoobraznosti ispol'zovanija geneticheskih algoritmov pri optimizacii raspredelenija resursov v kalendarnom planirovanii stroitel'stva. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 10, pp. 69-71. (In Russian).
    2. Mishchenko V. Ja., Emel'janov D. I. Metody reshenija zadach kalendarnogo planirovanija na osnove kompozicionnyh matrichno-setevyh modelej. Izv. Vuzov, vol. Stroitel'stvo, 2002, no. 5, pp. 58-63. (In Russian).
    3. Stohasticheskie algoritmy v reshenii mnogokriterial'nyh zadach optimizacii raspredelenija resursov pri planirovanii stroitel'no-montazhnyh rabot. V. Ja. Mishhenko, D. I. Emel'janov, A. A. Tikhonenko, R. V. Starcev. Nauchnyj vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo i arhitektura, 2012, no. 1, pp. 92-97. (In Russian).
    4. Mishhenko V. Ja., Emel'janov D. I., Anoprienko E. G. Puti sovershenstvovanija planirovanija rabot po stroitel'stvu i tehnicheskoj jekspluatacii kompleksa ob'ektov nedvizhimosti. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2007, no. 6, pp. 38-40. (In Russian).
    5. Rutkovskaja D., Pilin'skij M. Nejronnye seti, geneticheskie algoritmy i nechetkie sistemy. Moscow, Gorjachaja linija - Telekom Publ., 2007, 383 p. (In Russian).
  • Computer Calculation of Continuous Grillages under the Walls of Multistory Buildings
  • UDC 624.04.004:624.15
    Vladimir G. ZAIKIN, Artem R. ZAINULIN
    Abstract. The universal computer model for calculation of a continuous grillage of a multistory building is proposed; the detailed description of a design diagram is given. Advantages of computer calculation in comparison with the manual method stated in "Guide for designing pile foundations" developed at NIIOSP named after N.M. Gersevanov are presented. Disadvantages of the methods of calculating settlements of strip foundations and grillages in the normative sources are listed; their impact on the manual design calculations is analyzed. The relevance of transition to computer calculations in the design is accentuated.
    Key words: continuous grillages, computer and manual calculations, computer model, finite elements, multistory buildings.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Zaikin V. G., Valujskikh V. P. Status, rol' i znachenie komp'juternykh raschetov stroitel'nykh konstrukcij v massovom proektirovanii. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 5, pp. 42-44. (In Russian).
    2. Zaikin V. G., Valujskikh V. P. Strategija povyshenija bezopasnosti i ehffektivnosti komp'juternykh proektnykh raschetov stroitel'nykh konstrukcij na osnove sistemnogo podkhoda. Vestnik MGSU. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura, 2012, no. 12, pp. 268-275. (In Russian).
    3. Zalesov A. S., Zenin S. A. Fakticheskoe sostojanie i perspektivnye napravlenija razvitija normativnoj bazy zhelezobetona. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 1, pp. 8-10. (In Russian).
    4. Nikonov N. N., Mel'chakov A. P., Rudin V. N. O bezopasnosti sooruzhenij. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2013, no. 3, pp. 49-52. (In Russian).
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  • Passive Ferroprobe Control of Bearing Capacity of Welded Metal Structures of onstruction Machines
  • UDC 69.002.51:[691.714:620.18:669.018.58-122-418]:621.77.016.3
    Valery E. GORDIENKO, Evgeny G. GORDIENKO, Oleg V. KUZMIN, Ekaterina S. IBRAGIMOVA, Elena A. DYUKOVA, Veronika Yu. KASHINA
    Abstract. The methodology of control and enhancement of bearing capacity of metal structures of construction machines in the course of their operation including the assessment of the stressed-strained state of metal structures and strengthening of elements of welded structures in dangerous local zones of stress concentrations has been developed and tested under industrial conditions. The use of this methodology makes it possible to reduce the volume of preparatory works, enhance the efficiency and output of diagnosis of technical conditions of welded bearing metal structures of building machines by 15-20 %.
    Key words: construction machines, welded metal structures, current stress, passive ferroprobe control method.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Vinokurov V. A., Kurkin S. A., Nikolaev G. A. Svarnye konstruktsii. Mekhanika razrusheniya i kriterii rabotosposobnosti. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1996. 576 p. (In Russian).
    2. Gordienko V. E. K voprosu otsenki NDS metalla pri uprugoplasticheskom deformirovanii. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2007, no. 1, pp. 54-55. (In Russian).
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  • Accounting For Organizational Aspects Of The Planning Of Construction Production In The Energy Sector
  • UDC 69.003:65.014:620.9
    Yaroslav V. ZHAROV
    Abstract. The cluster allows even small participants to contribute and be successful in the market. The organization, regardless of its size, can be highly effective if it uses advanced technologies and offers a unique product. The high efficiency of companies depends on optimization of use of limited resources. The base of the efficiency is the "proper planning", which consists of clarity, understandability, the possibility to make changes and to carry out control. To achieve such a high quality of planning and control it is necessary to develop a detailed design. It will allow to minimize errors and unaccounted collapses at the design stage. Today the information model of a building and multi-dimensional design allows to solve the most part of the tasks encountered throughout the life cycle of the object. This complex approach gives us new opportunities to use information and allows to calculate the resource consumption for each process and for the whole project. Thanks to it we can judge with high precision the size of the budget and timing of the project and also adhere to these restrictions all the way of realization of the tasks.
    Key words: energy building, cluster, building information model, multidimensional design.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Oleynik P. P. Formirovanie raschetnykh modeley vozvedeniya inzhenernykh sooruzheniy i setey. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2007, no. 9, pp. 55-56. (In Russian).
    2. Asaul A. N., Skumatov E. G., Lokteeva G. E. Metodologicheskie aspekty formirovaniya i razvitiya predprinimatel'skikh setey. St. Peterburg, Gumanistika Publ., 2004. 256 p.
    3. Sborshchikov S. B. Teoreticheskie osnovy formirovaniya novykh organizatsionnykh skhem realizatsii investitsionno-stroitel'nykh proektov v energeticheskom sektore na osnove integratsii printsipov logistiki i inzhiniringa. Vestnik MGSU, 2009, no. 1, pp. 146-151. (In Russian).
    4. Sborshchikov S. B. Organizatsionnye osnovy ustoychivogo razvitiya energeticheskogo stroitel'stva. Vestnik MGSU, 2010, no. 4, vol. 2, pp. 363-368. (In Russian).
    5. Lokir K., Gordon Dzh. Upravlenie proektami. Stupeni vysshego masterstva. Minsk, Grevtsov pablisher Publ., 2008. 352 p. (In Russian).
  • Accounting Technological Factors for Identifying the Possibility of Combining Construction Works
  • UDC 69.05:658.512.626
    Zinur R. MUKHAMETZYANOV, Ruslan V. RAZYAPOV
    Abstract. The actuality of the problem of combining works in the course of objects construction is shown. The lack of existing methods for organizing the combination of works is analyzed. A new approach to the solution of the task of separation of building works with the purpose of combining their execution is proposed. Rules to identify the possibility of combining the work in time and convergence in space based on the information about technological sequence of works execution are established.
    Key words: construction management, combining construction works, flow method, scope of work, technological dependence.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Dikman L. G. Organizacija stroitel'nogo proizvodstva. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2009. 586 p. (In Russian).
    2. Oleynik P. P., Brodskiy V. I. Metody opredeleniya prodolzhitel'nosti stroitel'stva ob"ektov. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2012, no. 12, . 30-32. (In Russian).
    3. Angalev A. M. Organizacionno-tehnologicheskie zadachi proizvodstva pri podgotovke stroitel'nyh ploshhadok. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo, 2006, no. 7, p. 62. (In Russian).
    4. Muhametzjanov Z. R., Gusev E. V. Problemy sovershenstvovanija organizacionno-tehnologicheskih modelej stroitel'stva ob'ekta. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012, no. 4, p. 68-69. (In Russian).
    5. Gusev E. V. Tehnologicheskoe modelirovanie i sbalansirovannoe planirovanie stroitel'no-montazhnyh rabot. Cheljabinsk, ChPI Publ., 1990. 147 p. (In Russian).
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  • Innovation Cements of OAO Podolsk-Cement for Urban Construction
  • UDC 691.54:666.94/.95
    Ivan Yu. BURLOV
    Abstract. The expert commission on innovative technologies and technical solutions of the Department of town-planning policy of Moscow has included new innovation cements produced by OAO "Podolsk-Cement" into the City Register of innovation technologies and technical solutions for using in the city construction. They are cement for transport construction, sulfate-resisting and corrosion resistant cement, expanding cement, high-alumina refractory cement, especially high-early sulfate-aluminate-belite cement. These products are important in terms of import substitution of high-quality cements. They can be recommended to design and building organizations for application.
    Key words: OAO "Podolsk-Cement", cement for transport construction, sulfate-resisting and corrosion resistant cement, expanding cement, high-alumina refractory cement, especially high-early sulfate-aluminate-belite cement.
  • Inverter Power Sources for Welding and Cutting in Construction
  • UDC 621.791.03
    Alexander I. DANILOV, Vasily I. OBOTUROV, Alexander R. TUSNIN
    Abstract. A brief review of innovative technologies and equipment for welding and cutting is presented. Technological and technical-economic aspects of application of this kind of equipment and innovation technologies of metal welding and cutting in construction are considered. The usage of compact inverter electric power sources together with the pulse regime of welding makes it possible to significantly improve the quality of welds, facilitate welding in different spatial positions, welding of details of small thickness and reduce the requirements to the qualification of the welder. The plasma-arc cutting technology makes it possible to significantly increase the thickness of metal components to be cut out. In the process no metal spattering takes place, edges do not need mechanical treatment, any kind of metals and alloys can be cut using just electric power and pressurized air from the conventional compressor.
    Key words: civil engineering, welding, metal cutting, inverter installation, pulse mode, plasma welding, plasma cutting.
  • REFERENCES
    1. Oboturov V. I. Svarochnye raboty v stroitel'stve. Moscow, ASV Publ., 2012. 242 p. (In Russian).
    2. Makarova I. V., Fedjukin S. V. K voprosu ob impul'snom rezhime ruchnoj dugovoj svarki. Perm', ASOIK Publ., 2012. 20 p. (In Russian).