Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) íà ïëàòôîðìå Web of Science

Contents of issue ¹ 10 (october) 2013

  • To the Centenary of V. I. TROFIMOV' Birth
  • Aluminium Alloys for Building Metal Structures (commentaries on SP 128.13330)
  • UDC 624.014.7(083.75)
    Ivan I. VEDYAKOV, Pavel D. ODESSKY, Margarita I. GUKOVA
    Abstract. The approach to selection of alloys for aluminium building structures proposed in SP 128.13330 is commented. The interconnection of the new classification with works of professor V.I. Trofimov who created building structures made of aluminium alloys is shown.
    Key words: building aluminium structures, aluminium alloys, mechanism of hardening, welding, protection against corrosion, architectural expressiveness.
    1. Trofimov V. I. Bol'sheproletnye prostranstvennye pokrytiya iz tonkolistovogo alyuminiya. M. : Stroyizdat, 1975. 166 s.
    2. Trofimov V. I. Ograzhdeniya sooruzheniy iz rastyanutykh alyuminievykh poverkhnostey. M. : Stroyizdat, 1975. 159 s.
    3. Trofimov V. I., Kaminskiy A. M. Legkie metallicheskie konstruktsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy (razrabotka konstruktsiy, issledovaniya, raschet, izgotovlenie, montazh). M. : Nauka, 1997. 592 s.
    4. Polmear Ya. Legkie splavy: ot traditsionnykh do nanokristallov. M. : Tekhnosfera, 2008. 464 s.
    5. Mailyan R. P., Mailyan D. E., Veselov Yu. A. Stroitel'nye konstruktsii. Rostov n/D : Feniks, 2005. 623 s.
    6. Gulyaev A. P. Metallovedenie. M. : Metallurgiya, 1986. 544 s.
    7. Eshbi M., Dzhons D. Konstruktsionnye materialy / per. s angl. Dolgoprudnyy : Intellekt, 2010. 672 s.
    8. Bochvar A. A. Metallovedenie. M. : Metallurgizdat, 1956. 496 s.
  • Metal Spatial Roof Structures of Unique Large Span Facilities in Russia
  • UDC 69.024.3:691.7:725.826
    Pavel G. YEREMEYEV
    Abstract. Article introduces to the unique wide-span constructions with spatial metal roof structures, recently built in Russia. Last 15 years in the world there is a boom of construction of sports complexes and multipurpose public buildings. It allows to speak about formation of the new concept of constructions of XXI century. In Russia during this period it was constructed or is under construction more than 50 new stadiums and covered arenas in order to carry out the World summer University Games, winter Olympic Games 2014 ã, the Football World Championship 2018, as well as other new unique buildings and constructions. Development of technologies in the last decades has led to generation of the new forms, materials, methods of designing and construction. It creates new and difficult problems. Author summarizes the experience of designing, performance of calculations, scientifically-technical support, erection and operation of such structures. The main purpose - development of some new requirements and recommendations.
    Key words: sport buildings, spatial metal wide-span roof structures, design, calculations, scientifically-technical support, erection, operation.
    1. Trofimov V. I. Bol'sheproletnye prostranstvennye pokrytiya iz tonkolistovogo alyuminiya. M. : Stroyizdat, 1975. 166 s.
    2. Trofimov V. I., Eremeev P. G., Davydov E. Yu. Membrannye (tonkolistovye) visyachie pokrytiya // Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura. Seriya 8. Vyp. 1. M., 1981. 66 s.
    3. Trofimov V. I., Kaminskiy A. M. Legkie metallicheskie konstruktsii. M. : ASV, 2002. 576 s.
    4. Eremeev P. G. Prostranstvennye tonkolistovye metallicheskie konstruktsii pokrytiy. M. : ASV, 2006. 560 s.
    5. Pokrytie zdaniya sedlovidnoy formy / V. I. Trofimov, V. V. Khandzhi, L. I. Gol'denberg [i dr.]. Avtorskoe svidetel'stvo ¹ 678159. 1979. Byul. ¹ 29.
    6. Visyachee pokrytie / V. I. Trofimov, P. G. Eremeev, Yu. V. Ratskevich, L. I. Chertkov. Avtorskoe svidetel'stvo ¹ 755973. 1980. Byul. ¹ 30.
    7. Trofimov V. I., Mikulin V. B., Illenko K. N. Visyachee pokrytie. Avtorskoe svidetel'stvo ¹ 1296700. 1987. Byul. ¹ 10.
    8. Eremeev P. G. Sovremennye stal'nye konstruktsii bol'sheproletnykh pokrytiy unikal'nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy. M. : ASV, 2009. 336 s.
    9. Kelas'ev N. G. Osobennosti proektirovaniya i stroitel'stva futbol'nogo stadiona v Kazani dlya provedeniya chempionata mira po futbolu // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2013. ¹ 6. S. 51-55.
    10. Perel'muter A. V., Slivker V. I. Raschetnye modeli sooruzheniy i vozmozhnost' ikh analiza. Kiev : Stal', 2002. 618 s.
  • Roofs over Stands of Modern Stadiums
  • UDC 69.024.4:725.826
    Pavel G. YEREMEYEV
    Abstract. The modern stadiums are compound of multilevel objects. Stadiums should meet the requirements of FIFA and UEFA on realization of the international contest. It concerns a safety, durability and operational reliability of designs, engineering networks, fire safety, safety of spectators and participants of competitions etc. The most important element is the roofing over the stadium. Flat and spatial constructive circuits of coverings are submitted. In modern coverings, massive constructive elements, are replaced with easy spatial systems. They are always more economic under the expense of materials, but not at cost. The analysis of their work is given.
    Key words: stadiums, roofing over tribunes, constructive decisions, safety, durability, operational reliability.
    1. Football Stadiums. Technical recommendations and requirements. FIFA. 5th edition. 2011. 420 p.
    2. Eremeev P. G. Sovremennye futbol'nye stadiony mira. M. : OAO «NITs «Stroitel'stvo», 2012. 69 s.
    3. Geraint J., Sheard R., Vickery B. Stadia: A Design and Development Guide. 4th edition. 2007. 302 p.
    4. Seidel M. Tensile surface structures: A practical guide to cable and membrane construction. 2009. 229 p.
    5. Goppert K., Stein M. A Spoked Wheel Structure for the World's largest Convertible Roof - The New Commerzbank Arena in Frankfurt, Germany. Structural Engineering International. 2007. ¹ 4. Pp. 282-287.
    6. Skelton R., Mauricio Oliveira. Tensegrity systems. 2009. 228 p.
  • About the Strength Theories and Effect of the Second Load in Respect to Steel Building Structures
  • UDC 624.014:624.04
    Pavel D. ODESSKY
    Abstract. Investigations of the strength theories conducted by V.I. Trofimov, the famous scientist in the field of building metal structures, and other employees of TSNIISK named after V.A, Kucherenko for the purpose of defining the theory which better than other theories describes the fluidity of building steels under the simple and complex loading of metal structures are analyzed. These works served as the basis for further investigations of the strength theories at alternating loads and assessments of the anisotropy of steel plates, the results of which are taken into account when assessing the strength of steel building structures in SP 13.13330.2011 "SNiP II-23-81* Steel structures".
    Key words: metal structures, strength theories, flat and tubular specimens, flat-stressed state, building steels, static load, anisotropy, cyclic load.
    1. Trofimov V. I. Eksperimental'noe izuchenie myagkoy stroitel'noy stali pri dvukhstoronnem nagruzhenii v uprugoplasticheskoy stadii : dis. ... kand. tekhn. nauk. M. : TsNIPS, 1952. 144 s.
    2. Baldin V. A., Gemmerling A. V., Trofimov V. I. Eksperimental'noe issledovanie uprugoplasticheskoy raboty malouglerodistoy stali pri prostom i slozhnom nagruzheniyakh // Issledovaniya po stal'nym konstruktsiyam. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1956. S. 33-58.
    3. Baldin V. A., Trofimov V. I. Issledovanie razvitiya plasticheskikh deformatsiy stroitel'noy stali pri ploskom napryazhennom sostoyanii i slozhnykh vidakh nagruzheniya // Issledovaniya po stal'nym konstruktsiyam. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1962. S. 5-37.
    4. Trofimov V. I. Uprugoplasticheskaya rabota myagkoy stali pri prostom i slozhnom nagruzheniyakh // Issledovanie prochnosti, plastichnosti i polzuchesti stroitel'nykh materialov. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1955. S. 17-37.
    5. Trofimov V. I. O razvitii plasticheskikh deformatsiy v malouglerodistykh stalyakh // Izvestiya AN SSSR. OTN. 1955. ¹ 11. S. 23-25.
    6. Trofimov V. I. Usloviya tekuchesti myagkoy stali pri mnogokratnom slozhnom nagruzhenii, v protsesse kotorogo proiskhodit cheredovanie aktivnoy i passivnoy deformatsii // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Stroitel'stvo. 1959. ¹ 10. S. 18-23.
    7. Baldin V. A. Soprotivlenie malouglerodistoy stali plasticheskim deformatsiyam // Issledovanie prochnosti, plastichnosti i polzuchesti stroitel'nykh materialov. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1955. S. 5-16.
    8. Baldin V. A. Issledovanie prochnosti stali v zavisimosti ot ee mikrostruktury // Issledovaniya po stal'nym konstruktsiyam. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1956. S. 5-32.
    9. Baldin V. A., Trofimov V. I. Issledovanie uprugoplasticheskikh svoystv stroitel'noy stali pri ploskom napryazhennom sostoyanii // Issledovaniya po metallicheskim konstruktsiyam. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1961. S. 5-34.
    10. K voprosu o nadezhnosti i dolgovechnosti stal'nykh stroitel'nykh metallokonstruktsiy, rabotayushchikh v usloviyakh nizkikh temperatur / V. A. Baldin, R. G. Arone, P. I. Sokolovskiy, N. G. Karpova // Metallicheskie konstruktsii. M. : Stroyizdat, 1968. S. 100-115.
    11. Gorpinchenko V. M., Sharapov V. Ya. Oborudovanie dlya ispytaniy ploskikh obraztsov na ustalost' pri dvukhosnom nagruzhenii // Zavodskaya laboratoriya. 1979. ¹ 10. S. 53-58.
    12. Gorpinchenko V. M., Shevchenko V. A. Issledovanie nesushchey sposobnosti soedineniy na vysokoprochnykh boltakh pri dvukhosnom nagruzhenii // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 1983. ¹ 3. S. 49-51.
    13. Gorpinchenko V. M., Belitskiy V. I. Ustalostnaya prochnost' stali s mekhanicheskimi kontsentratorami napryazheniy pri dvukhosnom nagruzhenii // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 1983. ¹ 2. S. 7-10.
    14. Gorpinchenko V. M., Sharapov V. Ya., Belitskiy V. I. Metodika issledovaniy ustalostnoy prochnosti pri dvukhosnom nagruzhenii // Problemy prochnosti. 1981. ¹ 3. S. 18-21.
    15. Odesskiy P. D., Gur'eva E. S. Vliyanie plasticheskoy deformatsii na anizotropiyu mekhanicheskikh svoystv stal'nykh listov bol'shoy tolshchiny dlya stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 1991. ¹ 1. S. 70-77.
    16. Gladshteyn L. I., Odesskiy P. D., Vedyakov I. I. Sloistoe razrushenie staley i svarnykh soedineniy. M. : Intermet Inzhiniring, 2009. 256 s.
    17. Moskvichev V. V. Osnovy konstruktsionnoy prochnosti tekhnicheskikh sistem i inzhenernykh sooruzheniy : v 3 ch. Ch. 1. Postanovka zadach i analiz predel'nykh sostoyaniy. Novosibirsk : Nauka, 2002. 106 s.
    18. Filonenko-Borodich M. M. Mekhanicheskie teorii prochnosti. M. : Izd-vo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1961. 92 s.
    19. Pol' B. Makroskopicheskie teorii plasticheskogo techeniya i khrupkogo razrusheniya // Razrushenie : v 7 t. T. 2. Matematicheskie osnovy teorii razrusheniya. M. : Mir, 1975. S. 336-520.
    20. Odesskiy P. D., Vedyakov I. I. Malouglerodistye stali dlya metallicheskikh konstruktsiy. M. : Intermet Inzhiniring, 1999. 224 s.
    21. Oding I. O. Dopuskaemye napryazheniya v mashinostroenii i tsiklicheskaya prochnost' metallov. M. : Mashgiz, 1962. 260 s.
    22. Streletskiy N. S. Rabota stali v stroitel'nykh konstruktsiyakh / Materialy k kursu stal'nykh konstruktsiy. Vyp. 1. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1956. 324 s.
  • Mistakes in Designing, Making and Assembling Leading to Emergency Conditions of Building Structures of Industrial Building and Facilities
  • UDC 624.014
    Margarita I. GUKOVA, Vyacheslav G. ISKENDIROV, Mikhail I. FARFEL
    Abstract. Reasons for failures in operation of some elements and also buildings and structures are conditioned by mistakes made in the course of designing, making and also assembling of structures. The nature of mistakes made during the construction of industrial buildings at present is practically analogous to the mistakes revealed at objects built 20 and 40 years ago.
    Key words: silos, cylindrical shells, silo cylindrical sections, flange units, welded joints, erection joints, corrosion damage, grid space panels of covering, purlin deflections.
    1. Metallicheskie konstruktsii / G. S. Vedennikov, E. I. Belenya [i dr.]. M. : Stroyizdat, 1998. 760 s.
    2. Metallicheskie konstruktsii : V 3 t. Konstruktsii zdaniy / V. V. Gorev, B. Yu. Uvarov [i dr.]. M. : Vyssh. shk., 1999. T. 2. 528 s.
    3. Povyshenie dolgovechnosti metallicheskikh konstruktsiy promyshlennykh zdaniy / A. I. Kikin, A. A. Vasil'ev, B. N. Koshutin. M. : Stroyizdat, 1969. 415 s.
    4. Legkie metallicheskie konstruktsii odnoetazhnykh proizvodstvennykh zdaniy / I. I. Ishchenko, E. G. Kutukhtin, V. M. Spiridonov, Yu. N. Khromets. M. : Stroyizdat, 1979. 196 s.
    5. K voprosu o proektirovanii opornogo uzla metallicheskikh ferm pokrytiya zdaniy / V. M. Gorpinchenko, M. I. Egorov, M. I. Gukova, V. G. Iskendirov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2006. ¹ 3. S. 41-42.
    6. Obsledovanie konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy zavoda OAO «Tagmet» / I. I. Vedyakov, M. I. Gukova, M. I. Farfel', D. V. Kondrashov, S. N. Yarovoy // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2013. ¹ 1. S. 58-64.
    7. Ekspertiza promyshlennoy bezopasnosti v obespechenii dolgovremennoy ekspluatatsii zdaniy i sooruzheniy / I. I. Vedyakov, M. R. Uritskiy, M. I. Gukova, M. I. Farfel', O. N. Donchenko // Bezopasnost' ob"ektov toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa. 2013. ¹ 2. S. 126-130.
  • Features of Operation of Large-Span Roof of Football Stadium in Kazan
  • UDC 624.04:69.024.4:725.826
    Dmitry B. KISELEV, Aleksey S. KRYLOV, Sergey I. TRUSHIN
    Abstract. Results of the numerical study of the stress-strain state of a large-span roof over the stands of the football stadium for 45 thousand seats in Kazan built for the 2013 Summer Universiade are presented. Static and dynamic analyses are executed in geometrically and physically nonlinear statement. Deactivation of ñertain secondary elements from the system with subsequent analysis of the stress-strain state of the cover in time was modeled.
    Key words: large-span roof, geometrical and physical nonlinearity, structural stability, method of direct integration, normal mode method.
    1. Nauchno-tekhnicheskoe soprovozhdenie proektirovaniya i vozvedeniya nesushchikh konstruktsiy unikal'nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy / I. I. Vedyakov, P. G. Eremeev, D. B. Kiselev, P. D. Odesskiy // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2011. ¹ 4. S. 88-92.
    2. Eremeev P. G. Sovremennye stal'nye konstruktsii bol'sheproletnykh pokrytiy unikal'nykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy. M. : ASV, 2009. 336 s.
    3. Tambovtsev M. V. Problemy primeneniya uzlov na vysokoprochnykh boltakh pri proektirovanii konstruktsiy iz kruglykh trub na primere futbol'nogo stadiona na 45 tysyach zriteley v g. Kazani // 100 let so dnya rozhdeniya prof. E. I. Beleni : sb. statey. M. : MGSU, 2013. S. 204-210.
    4. Kelas'ev N. G. Osobennosti proektirovaniya i stroitel'stva futbol'nogo stadiona v Kazani dlya provedeniya chempionata mira po futbolu // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2013. ¹ 6. S. 51-55.
  • Substantiation of Rated Values of Elasticity Modules for Calculation of Timber Structures
  • UDC 624.011
    Abstract. The article is a subject of discussion, connected with different opinions of specialists concerning the use of various elasticity modules in divisions 5 & 6 of ES (enterprise standard) 64.13330.2011 "Timber structures" (construction regulations in force in Russia). While acknowledging the appropriateness for introducing some amendments in new edition of construction regulations, we deem necessary to clarify origins and designations of various elasticity modules for timber structures services, connected with strength, rigidity and deformations.
    Key words: wood, elasticity module, centre-compressed bars, deformed scheme calculation, rigidity.
    1. Arleninov D. K. O novom normativnom module uprugosti drevesiny // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2013. ¹ 3. S. 19-20.
    2. Klimenko V. Z. Raschet derevyannykh konstruktsiy po deformatsiyam i na prochnost' po deformirovannoy skheme // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2012. ¹ 6. S. 69-73.
    3. Pyatikrestovskiy K. P. K voprosu o vybore moduley uprugosti pri raschete derevyannykh konstruktsiy na prochnost', ustoychivost' i po deformatsiyam // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2012. ¹ 6. S. 73-79.
    4. Denesh N. D. Uchet dlitel'nosti deystviya snegovoy i postoyannoy nagruzok pri raschete progibov derevyannykh konstruktsiy // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura. 1990. ¹ 7. S. 16-20.
    5. Kochetkov D. A. Derevyannye konstruktsii v zhilishchno-kommunal'nom stroitel'stve. Ch. I. M.-L. : Izd-vo Minkommunkhoza RSFSR, 1950. 300 s.
    6. Gubenko A. B. Ustoychivost' tsel'nykh i sostavnykh derevyannykh sterzhney // Proekt i standart. 1935. ¹ 11.
  • Determination of Vapor Permeability and Water Permeability of Protective Coatings for Wood
  • UDC 691.11:691.57:620.193.23:620.197
    Alexander D. LOMAKIN
    Abstract. Various methods for determining the vapor and water permeability of protective coatings for wood are analyzed. New methods, including universal, for assessment of vapor and water permeability of such coatings are proposed. The method and the device for measuring the water permeability of protective coatings directly on the exploited wooden constructions are presented. The methods considered are recommended to use in laboratory practice as well as for evaluation of changes of protective properties of coatings in the course of field tests.
    Key words: vapor permeability, water permeability, protective coating, resistance to vapor permeability, timber.
    1. Lomakin A. D. Ustroystvo dlya opredeleniya paropronitsaemosti i vodopronitsaemosti materiala // Patent RF ¹ 126466. 2013. Byul. ¹ 9.
    2. Svistunova N. M., Lomakin A. D. Primenenie lakokrasochnykh materialov dlya zashchity derevyannykh konstruktsiy v zdaniyakh s povyshennoy vlazhnost'yu / Antikorrozionnaya zashchita metallov lakokrasochnymi pokrytiyami: cb. nauch. tr. M. : NPO «Lakokraspokrytie», 1979. S. 37-43.
    3. Buglay B. M. Tekhnologiya otdelki drevesiny. M. : Lesnaya promyshlennost', 1973. 304 s.
    4. Karandin A. Adgeziya zhidkostey v drevesine // Derevo.RU. 2006. ¹ 6. S. 30-31.
    5. Lomakin A. D. Ustroystvo dlya opredeleniya vodopronitsaemosti zashchitnykh pokrytiy derevyannykh konstruktsiy. Patent RF ¹ 126469. 2013. Byul. ¹ 9.
  • Designing of glulam frames for 2014 Olympic Games «Sanki» Sliding Center
  • UDC 624.011:674.028.9
    Vladimir A. SUMENKO, Alexander D. LOMAKIN, Alexander A. POGORELTSEV
    Abstract. The article explains the usage of glulam structures for "Sanki" Sliding Center 2014 Sochi Olympic games. The features of this design describe separate route objects (male and female start, finish, etc). Different methods of protecting open air structures from the atmospheric elements are considered, as well as, constructional and chemical measures.
    Key words: glulam structures, sliding center, atmosphere influence, constructional and chemical methods for protection of structures.
    1. Nazarov Yu. P., Turkovskiy S. B., Pogorel'tsev A. A. Effektivnost' nesushchikh kleenykh derevyannykh konstruktsiy v seysmicheskikh rayonakh stroitel'stva //Aktual'nye problemy issledovaniy po teorii sooruzheniy : sb. nauch. st. Ch. 1 / TsNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko. M., 2009. S. 284-295.
    2. Turkovskiy S. B., Pogorel'tsev A. A. Sozdanie derevyannykh konstruktsiy sistemy TsNIISK na osnove naklonno vkleennykh sterzhney // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. ¹ 3. S. 6-8.
    3. Lomakin A. D. Zashchita derevyannykh konstruktsiy. M. : RIF «Stroymaterialy», 2013. 423 s.
  • Test of a Bearing Joint of a Metal-and-Wood Truss of Equestrian Manege Covering
  • UDC 624.072:624.011
    Alexander A. POGORELTSEV, Stanislav B. TURKOVSKY, Andrey I. PASTUSHENKO
    Abstract. A new design for joints of a metal-and-wood truss spanning up to 26.8 m with the use of unloading bending moment in the upper chord of the truss is considered. Results of the test of an experimental fragment of the truss with bearing joints of natural size conducted at the experimental base of TSNIISK named after V.A. Kucherenko are presented. Issues of the specificity of short-time tests of metal-and-wood structures are also considered. Expected results of strength and deformability of connections, reasonability of using rigid cantilevers (anchors) with adjustable value of eccentricity have been confirmed by the test.
    Key words: metal-and-wood structures, glued timber structures, pasted V-shaped anchors, axial forces, unloading bending moment, rigid cantilevers, eccentricity.
    1. Turkovskiy S. B., Pogorel'tsev A. A. Sozdanie derevyannykh konstruktsiy sistemy TsNIISK na osnove naklonno vkleennykh sterzhney // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. ¹ 3. S. 6-8.
    2. Turkovskiy S. B., Pogorel'tsev A. A., Preobrazhenskaya I. P. Kleenye derevyannye konstruktsii s uzlami na vkleennykh sterzhnyakh v sovremennom stroitel'stve (sistema TsNIISK). M. : RIF «Stroymaterialy», 2013. 308 s.
    3. Turkovskiy S. B. Razrabotka i eksperimental'nye issledovaniya nesushchikh derevyannykh konstruktsiy na osnove soedineniy s naklonno vkleennymi svyazyami : dis. ...d-ra tekhn. nauk. M., 2001. 79 s.
  • About New Version of SP 14.13330.2011 «SNiP II-7-81* Construction in Seismic Regions»
  • UDC 699.841(083.75)
    Vladimir I. SMIRNOV
    Abstract. Changes amended in SP 14.13330.2011 "SNiP II-7-81* Construction in Seismic Region" by developers of TSNIISK named after V. A. Kucherenko on instructions of the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia are discussed. The 2013 version takes into account remarks and proposals of specialists from many organizations of the country. Provisions of the Code of practice have been adjusted in accordance with the requirements of Federal laws and harmonized with the Eurocode 8 "Design of structures for earthquake resistance".
    Key words: earthquake resistance, seismic intensity, seismic actions, structural requirements.
    1. Semenov V. A., Smirnov V. I. Po povodu kritiki aktualizirovannoy versii SNiP II-7-81* «Stroitel'stvo v seysmicheskikh rayonakh» // Seysmostoykoe stroitel'stvo. Bezopasnost' sooruzheniy. 2010. Vyp. 4. S. 72-78.
    2. Smirnov V. I. Sravnitel'nyy analiz aktualizirovannoy redaktsii SNiP II-7-81* i Evrokoda 8 // Tezisy IX Rossiyskoy natsional'noy konf. po seysmostoykomu stroitel'stvu i seysmicheskomu rayonirovaniyu (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem). 6-9 sentyabrya 2011 g., g. Sochi. S. 17-19
    3. Ayzenberg Ya. M., Smirnov V. I. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya i problemy dal'neyshego razvitiya SNiP «Stroitel'stvo v seysmicheskikh rayonakh» // Budivel'ni konstruktsii: Mizhvidomchiy naukovo-tekhnichniy zbirnik naukovikh prats' (budivnitstvo) / Derzhavne pidpriemstvo «Derzhavniy naukovo-doslidniy institut budivel'nikh konstruktsiy». Vip. 76. Kiev : DP NDIBK, TOV «Vidavnittsvo Stal'», 2012. S. 69-76 s.
    4. Smirnov V. I. Izmeneniya ko 2-y redaktsii SP 14.13330.2011 «Stroitel'stvo v seysmicheskikh rayonakh. Aktualizirovannaya redaktsiya SNiP II-7-81*» // Seysmostoykoe stroitel'stvo. Bezopasnost' sooruzheniy. 2012. Vyp. 3. S. 20-27.
    5. Uzdin A. M., Elizarov S. V., Belash T. A. Seysmostoykie konstruktsii transportnykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy. M. : UMTs po obrazovaniyu na zheleznodorozhnom transporte, 2012. 501 s.
    6. Mkrtychev O. V., Dzhinchvelashvili G. A. Problemy ucheta nelineynosti v teorii seysmostoykosti (gipotezy i zabluzhdeniya): monografiya. M. : MGSU, 2012. 192 s.
  • Numerical Simulating Problems of Geomechanics Under Conditions of Dense Urban Development
  • UDC 624.15.04:624.131.5
    Aleksandr N. VLASOV, Dmitry B. VOLKOV-BOGORODSKY, Vladimir V. ZNAMENSKIJ
    Abstract. Methods of the geotechnical simulation of a complex engineering-geological problem appearing in the course of construction of objects under conditions of dense urban development are presented. The geotechnical calculation of influence of construction of a public-residential complex with an underground three-level parking bay on the surrounding development and engineering communications is given as an example. The calculation is complicated by the closeness of administrative building of the III category of structure conditions, presence of a high level of ground water, significant level difference on the building site and a deep foundation pit. The correction of the project of cofferdam with strengthening the "slurry wall" from the side of a high part of relief is made according to results of numerical calculations.
    Key words: geotechnical simulation, finite element method, stress-strain state, non-linear soil models.
    1. Vlasov A. N., Volkov-Bogorodskiy D. B., Mnushkin M. G. Programmnyy kompleks «UWay» : Svidetel'stvo o gosudarstvennoy registratsii programmy dlya EVM ¹ 2011611833. 28 fevralya 2011 g. Sertifikat sootvetstviya RST ¹ ROSS RU.SP15.N00438.
    2. Sergeev S. A., Chunyuk D. Yu. Primenenie metoda konechnykh elementov (MKE) pri raschetakh i proektirovanii usileniya fundamentov rekonstruiruemykh zdaniy//Kazanskiy nauch.-tekhn. vestnik Povolzh'ya. 2013. ¹ 3. S. 297-301.
    3. Drukker D., Prager V. Mekhanika gruntov i plasticheskiy analiz ili predel'noe proektirovanie // Opredelyayushchie zakony mekhaniki gruntov. M.: Mir, 1975. S. 166- 177.
  • Solution of Problem of Thermo-Elastic Vibration of a Plate Rigidly Fixed along the Contour
  • UDC 539.3
    Olga I. PODDAEVA, Anastasiya N. FEDOSOVA
    Abstract. The solution of the problem of thermo-elastic vibration of a plate rigidly fixed along the contour in more exact statement of the problem is presented. Using the approximate decomposition method an algebraic frequency equation of plate vibration which takes into account, besides geometry and material of the plate, its initial temperature has been obtained. It is shown that with increasing the initial temperature up to 500 °C the frequency of plate vibration falls depending on its thickness by 35%.
    Key words: thermo-elastic vibration of plate, natural frequencies, frequency equation of plate vibration, approximate decomposition method.
    1. Filippov I. G., Cheban V. G. Matematicheskaya teoriya kolebaniya uprugikh i vyazkouprugikh plastin i sterzhney. Kishinev, ShTIINTsA, 1988. 190 s.
    2. Egorychev O. A., Egorychev O. O., Fedosova A. N. Vliyanie granichnykh usloviy na reshenie zadachi o termouprugom kolebanii plastiny // Vestnik grazhdanskikh inzhenerov. 2011. ¹ 4. S. 26-29.
    3. Egorychev O. O. Issledovaniya kolebaniy ploskikh elementov konstruktsiy. M. : Arkhitektura-S, 2009. 239 s.
    4. Egorychev O. A., Egorychev O. O. Kraevye zadachi kolebaniya plastin. M. : MGSU, 2010. 166 s.
    5. Egorychev O. A., Egorychev O. O., Prokhorova T. V. Sobstvennye kolebaniya uprugoy plastinki, sharnirno opertoy po konturu, nakhodyashcheysya vnutri deformiruemoy sredy // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 12. S. 20-21.
    6. Sobstvennye kolebaniya uprugoy plastinki, zhestko zakreplennoy po konturu i lezhashchey vnutri deformiruemoy sredy / O. A. Egorychev, O. O. Egorychev, O. I. Poddaeva, T. V. Prokhorova // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 9. S. 7-8.
  • The Concept About Organization Of The Ring Urban Agglomeration
  • UDC 711.4-167:911.372.32:502
    An DONG (China)
    Abstract. This paper analyzed development trends and characteristics of global urbanization, then putted forward a new concept of urban agglomeration "ring type", talked about its conception and spatial structure. And then expounded positive effects for regional ecological sustainable network of urban agglomeration in the natural environment. Urban agglomeration "ring type" explained its development advantages, necessity and practical significance, established the theoretical model of spatial structure and functional organization of urban agglomeration structural "ring type". Finally, the article explained the implication and function of elements for urban agglomeration "ring type". Then disclosed dominant development orientation of the urban structure which combined linear ecological frame elements with the central green core.
    Key words: conurbation, ring agglomeration, sustainable development, regional integration.
    1. Friedmann J. The geography of global capitalism [Geografiya global'nogo kapitalizma] // World city future: The Role of urban and regional policies in the Asia-pacific Region. Hong Kong. 1997. Pp. 4-10.
    2. Zhao Zhenbin, Bao Haosheng. Overseas urban nature conservation, ecological rehabilitation and enlightenments to China [Sokhraneniya prirody primorskikh gorodov, ekologicheskaya reabilitatsiya i prosveshchenie v Kitae] // Journal of natural resources. 16(4). Beijing. 2001. P. 394.
    3. Doxiadis C. A. Ecumenopolis in 2100 [Ekumenopolis v 2100 godu] // Ecumenopolis, The Inevitable City of the Future. Athens., 1974. P. 28.
    4. Oswald F. Design model of netzstadt [Proekt modeli setevogo goroda] // Netzstadt: designing in urban (Chinese edition). Beijing. 2007. Pp. 44-45.
  • Modeling Of The Program-Target Organization And Management By The Competitiveness Of The Territorial-Reproducing Systems In Construction
  • UDC 69.003:658.011.8:728.1
    Alevtina M. KRYGINA
    Abstract. The basic directions of reproduction processes in construction are reviewed. It is shown that the reproduction, considered as a continuous process of renewal of fixed assets and prevent their premature wear, in construction includes three basic stages: preparation of construction, construction (construction industry), the implementation of the final construction products (input of buildings and structures in operation). For the implementation of a competitive strategy of development of the construction company should have a certain innovation potential, which gives him the opportunity to beat the competition, having received advantages in comparison with them, and achieve better results than they. The main goal is not to maximize the volume of the finished building products or minimizing the cost of consumed resources, technical efficiency or profit maximization but optimal co-couple of all organizational and technical and managerial aspects, which should be aimed at long-term planning of construction and its innovative development. Developed model of a competitive territorial reproductive system in construction and functional model of program-target interactions on the development of competitiveness through the implementation of innovative engineering solutions for the upgrade of the existing building.
    Key words: reproduction, competitive strategy, competitive territorial reproductive system in construction, innovative technological solutions, building.
    1. Krygina A. M., Gusakova E. A. O primenenii innovatsionnogo podkhoda k upravleniyu izmeneniyami v protsesse realizatsii investitsionno-stroitel'nykh proektov // Nedvizhimost': ekonomika, upravlenie. 2012. ¹ 2. S. 84-86.
    2. Krygina A. M., Sevryukova L. V. Sovremennye podkhody k realizatsii slozhnykh proektov rossiyskikh stroitel'nykh kompaniy na osnove konkurentosposobnoy strategii // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. ¹ 8. 2011. S. 36-39.
    3. Kulakov K. Yu. Aktual'nye problemy sovershenstvovaniya vosproizvodstvennoy struktury nedvizhimosti // Nedvizhimost': ekonomika, upravlenie. 2009. ¹ 2. S. 45-47.
    4. Korol' E. A., Kagan P.B., Komissarov S. V. Upravlenie gradostroitel'nymi programmami // Gradostroitel'stvo. 2010. ¹ 4. S. 57-60.
  • Standardization as a Basis for Quality of Building Products
  • UDC 658.562:69:332.146
    Abstract. Standards developed by the self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are the basis for monitoring the activity and quality of products, they make it possible to set higher requirements for them thus ensuring the safety of human life and health, their property, protection of human environment as well as the high quality of production works. The article considers the main objectives and principles of the SRO standards. It is proposed to develop internal standards SRO, which would make it possible to more flexibly response to the external environment and to make adjustments in proper time.
    Key words: self-regulatory organization, standards, construction products, quality.
    1. Vedyakov I. I. Printsipy aktualizatsii rossiyskikh stroitel'nykh norm i pravil s uchetom evropeyskikh standartov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 3. S. 6-7.
    2. Lukmanova I. G., Nezhnikova E. V. Perspektivnye napravleniya povysheniya kachestva v stroitel'stve // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 12. S. 81-83.
    3. Rekomendatsii parlamentskikh slushaniy na temu: «Perspektivy i problemy deyatel'nosti samoreguliruemykh organizatsiy v stroitel'noy oblasti. Osnovnye napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel'stva» // Byulleten' NOSTROY. 2012. ¹ 5(22). S. 162-175.
    4. Chernyshev A. V. Nauchnye dostizheniya v oblasti samoorganizatsii i praktika samoregulirovaniya // Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie: stroitel'stvo, proektirovanie i izyskaniya. 2011. ¹ 3 (4). S. 14-20.
  • Experience In Using The Single-Sludge Denitri-Nitrification System In Aeration Tanks
  • UDC 628.35
    Elena S. GOGINA, Igor A. GULSHIN
    Abstract. Due to the tightening of standards for wastewater discharge which has been occurred during last 20 years, the problem of removal of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) gained prominence. There was a need to develop methods and technological schemes of wastewater treatment to the required standards, promising to implement the renovations at existing treatment facilities and requiring minimal capital investment. The authors have reviewed and analyzed the application of one of these technologies, developed at the Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU). This technology is based on the work of the single-sludge denitri-nitrification system. It has been repeatedly shown its effectiveness while being used at wastewater treatment plants in the Russian Federation. Moreover this system has a number of advantages compared to other domestic and foreign technologies. The analysis of operation of the treatment plant in the city of Kolomna after reconstruction (with using the developed technology) proves the theoretical assumptions about the system. The results confirm the stability of technological schemes and give reason to recommend it for the further implementation when reconstructing wastewater treatment facilities.
    Key words: wastewater, ecology, treatment plants reconstruction, deep biological wastewater treatment.
    1. Dolina L. F. Ochistka stochnykh vod ot biogennykh elementov : monografiya. Dnepropetrovsk: Kontinent, 2011. 197 c.
    2. Gogina E. S. Udalenie biogennykh elementov iz stochnykh vod: monografiya. M. : ASV, 2010. 120 s.
    3. Salomeev V. P., Gogina E. S. Primenenie odnoilovoy sistemy denitrifikatsii dlya rekonstruktsii biologicheskikh ochistnykh sooruzheniy // Vestnik MGSU. 2009. ¹ 3. S. 129-135.
    4. Gao Shun Qiu, Ling Feng Qiu, Jian Zhang, Yi Ming Chen. Research on Intensive Nutrients Removal of the Low C/N Sewage // Advanced Materials Research. 2012. No. 550- 553. Rp. 2142-2145.
    5. Infantea C., Leonb I., Florezb J., et al. Removal of Ammonium and Rhosphate Jons from Wastewater Samples by Immobilized Chlorella sp. // International Journal of Environmental Studies. 2013. No. 70. Rp. 1-7.
    6. Opyt ekspluatatsii sooruzheniy biologicheskoy ochistki stochnykh vod ot soedineniy azota i fosfora / A. N. Pakhomov, S. A. Strel'tsov, M. N. Kozlov [i dr.] // Vodosnabzhenie i sanitarnaya tekhnika. 2010. ¹ 10-1. S. 35-41.
  • Substantiation of Expediency of Using Genetic Algorithm for Optimization of Resource Allocation in Scheduling of Construction
  • UDC 65.012.21
    Valery Ya. MISHCHENKO, Dmitry I. EMELYANOV, Alexander A. TIKHONENKO
    Abstract. The expediency of application of genetic algorithms for the calculation of calendar plans of construction works with the use of network matrix models is shown. In the methodology of optimizing resource allocation proposed by authors the non-standard variation of the genetic algorithm is used that is more effective for the problems of this class than the use of stochastic. The initial results of studies showing the principled prospective of the selected direction are presented.
    Key words: scheduling, genetic algorithm, optimization, simulation, algorithm, resource allocation.
    1. Mishchenko V. Ya., Emel'yanov D. I. Metody resheniya zadach kalendarnogo planirovaniya na osnove kompozitsionnykh matrichno-setevykh modeley // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Stroitel'stvo. 2002. ¹ 5. S. 58-63.
    2. Stokhasticheskie algoritmy v reshenii mnogokriterial'nykh zadach optimizatsii raspredeleniya resursov pri planirovanii stroitel'no-montazhnykh rabot / V. Ya. Mishchenko, D. I. Emel'yanov, A. A. Tikhonenko, R. V. Startsev // Nauchnyy vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura. 2012. ¹ 1. S. 92-97.
    3. Mishchenko V. Ya., Emel'yanov D. I., Anoprienko E. G. Puti sovershenstvovaniya planirovaniya rabot po stroitel'stvu i tekhnicheskoy ekspluatatsii kompleksa ob"ektov nedvizhimosti// Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. ¹ 6. S. 38-40.
    4. Rutkovskaya D., Pilin'skiy M. Neyronnye seti, geneticheskie algoritmy i nechetkie sistemy. M. : Goryachaya liniya - Telekom, 2007. 383 s.
  • Bending of a Rectangular Plate under the Action of Longitudinal Compressive Forces
  • UDC 624.04
    Andrew Yu. USHAKOV, Michail G. VANYUSHENKOV
    Absract. Examples of the calculation of a thin elastic plate compressed in one and two directions with evenly distributed loads N1 and N2 and being under the transverse uniform load are considered. An analytic solution is found by the method of initial functions the eigen-functions of which approximately satisfy uniform boundary conditions on two opposite transverse sides of the plate with rigidly jammed edge. To find arbitrary constants, the ratio of generalized orthogonality of eigen functions obtained by the author is used. An example of calculation of the plate is given.
    Key words: ratio of generalized orthogonality, method of initial functions, boundary conditions, elastic thin plate, critical value of longitudinal force, differential equation.
    1. Vanyushenkov M. G. Raschet tonkikh uprugikh plastinok metodom nachal'nykh funktsiy. M. : MISI im. V. V. Kuybysheva,1965. S. 46
    2. Vanyushenkov M. G. Sootnoshenie obobshchennoy ortogonal'nosti Papkovicha-Grinberga dlya szhato-izognutykh plastinok : M.: MISI im. V. V. Kuybysheva, 1987. S. 21-30.
    3. Vanyushenkov M. G., Ushakov A. Yu. Sootnoshenie obobshchennoy ortogonal'nosti i ikh ispol'zovanie pri raschete szhato-izognutykh plastinok metodom nachal'nykh funktsiy // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2006. ¹ 6. S. 23-28.
    4. Ushakov A. Yu., Vanyushenkov M. G. Issledovanie vliyaniya deystviya prodol'nykh szhimayushchikh usiliy na napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie izognutoy pryamougol'noy plastinki // Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Povolzh'ya. 2012. ¹ 6. S. 409-413.
    5. Vanyushenkov M. G., Ushakov A. Yu. Opredelenie kriticheskoy szhimayushchey nagruzki uprugikh tonkikh plastinok metodom nachal'nykh funktsiy // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. ¹ 11. S. 71-73.
    6. Milekhin N. M. Chislennoe reshenie zadachi ustoychivosti plastin pri deystvii neravnomernoy szhimayushchey nagruzki : dis. : kand. tekhn. nauk. M., 2009.157 s.
  • Application of Flow Meters for Apartment-by-Apartment Heat Consumption Metering
  • UDC 697.12
    Igor A. BYCHKOVSKIY, Grigory S. SURNOV, Sergey I. SURNOV
    Abstract. The possibility to use flow meters for determination of a share of thermal energy consumed by an individual customer when heating of an apartment house is substantiated. It is shown that at known temperature of a heat carrier at the outlet of heating devices it is not necessary to measure the temperature in heated premises for accounting and as a result it makes it possible to use the simplified mathematical model.
    Key words: heating system of apartment house, consumption metering device, flow meter, heat meter, resource saving, heating device, heating agent.
    1. Karpov V. N. Problemy vnedreniya pokvartirnogo ucheta raskhoda tepla v sistemakh otopleniya // AVOK. 2012. ¹ 4. S. 50-57.
    2. Karpov V. N. Pokvartirnyy uchet raskhoda tepla. Teploschetchiki ili vodomery? // AVOK. 2013. ¹ 2. S. 102-109.
    3. Inochkin E. V. Individual'nyy uchet potrebleniya teplovoy energii // Energosberezhenie. 2013. ¹ 3. S. 30-35.
    4. Bychkovskiy I. A., Surnov G. S., Surnov S. I. Pokvartirnyy uchet potrebleniya teplovoy energii v mnogokvartirnom dome s vertikal'noy razvodkoy sistemy otopleniya // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2013. ¹ 2. S. 50-53.
    5. Raspredeliteli stoimosti potreblennoy teploty ot komnatnykh otopitel'nykh priborov // Standart AVOK. 4.3-2007 (EN 834:1994).
  • The Impact of Paint-and-Lacquer Materials on Wood Inflammability
  • UDC 699.8:667
    Mirzhan M. ALMENBAEV, Kuanyshbek K. KARMENOV, Alexander V. ELCHUGIN, Boris B. SERKOV, Andrey B. SIVENKOV
    Abstract. Results of the experimental study of inflammability parameters of wood specimens with paint-and-lacquer materials conducted according to the methodology of GOST 30402 are presented. It is established that the inflammability time, critical surface density of a heat flow, specimen mass loss in the course of the fire tests significantly depend on the chemical basis of paint-lacquer system, the type and number of its layers. The obtained results make it possible to develop efficient methods and recommendations on increasing the resistance of timber structures with paint-lacquer materials to ignition in case of fire.
    Key words: wood, wooden constructions, paint-lacquer materials, fire hazard, inflammability.
    1. Aseeva R. M., Serkov B. B., Sivenkov A. B. Gorenie drevesiny i ee pozharoopasnye svoystva : monografiya. M. : Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii, 2010. 262 s.
    2. Sivenkov A. B. Vliyanie vozrasta derevyannykh konstruktsiy zdaniy na znacheniya pokazateley ikh pozharnoy opasnosti // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 3. S. 66-67.
    3. Stebunov S. V. Issledovanie pozharoopasnykh svoystv lakokrasochnykh pokrytiy : dis. : kand. tekhn. nauk. M., 2006. 130 s.
    4. Smirnov N. V. Prognozirovanie pozharnoy opasnosti stroitel'nykh materialov : dis. : d-ra tekhn. nauk. M., 2002. 273 s.
    5. Mikkola E., Wichman S. On the Thermal of Combustible Materials. Fire and Materials. 1989. Vol. 14. Rr. 87-96.
  • About Dynamic Characteristics of Shielding Jackets for Reactor Ñompartment of Nuclear Power Plant
  • UDC 624.04:699.842
    Oleg A. KOVALCHUK, Peraskovia I. ANDREEVA
    Abstract. Data of the calculation carried out with the software package "Ansys" and results of experimental measurements made on physical models of dynamic characteristics (natural vibration frequencies,vibration mode) of the shielding jacket of the nuclear power plant reactor are presented. Results of the calculation obtained for the dome part of the shielding jacket well conform to the data obtained at real objects of nuclear power plants in the course of the experiment. Results of the experiment on physical models of the protective jacket are in good agreement with the computations obtained with the software package "Ansys".
    Key words: dynamic characteristics, natural oscillation frequency, shielding jacket, vibration mode, nuclear power plants.
    1. Shablinskiy G. E., Zubkov D. A. Naturnye i model'nye issledovaniya dinamicheskikh yavleniy v stroitel'nykh konstruktsiyakh energeticheskikh i grazhdanskikh ob"ektov. M. : MGSU, 2012. 483 s.
    2. Shablinskiy G. E., Dzhinchvelashvili G. A., Zubkov D. A. Seysmostoykost' stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy atomnykh elektrostantsiy : monografiya. M. : ASV, 2010. 216 s.
    3. Andreeva P. I., Koval'chuk O. A. Sravnitel'nyy analiz rezul'tatov eksperimental'nykh naturnykh dinamicheskikh issledovaniy i rascheta dinamicheskikh kharakteristik vysotnogo zhilogo zdaniya // Computational Civil and Structural Engineering. 2012. Vol. 8, pp. 13-18.
    4. Jeong S.-H., Mwafu A. M., Elnashai A. S. Probabilistic seismic performance assessment of code-compliant multi-story RC buildings engineering structures // Engineering Structures. 2012. Vol. 34, pp. 527-537.
    5. Shablinsky G., Zoubkov D., Isaikin A. Natural Vibration Experimental Analysis of Novovoronezhskaya NPP Main Building // 18 international Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMIRT 18), Beijing, China. 2005, pp. 88-95.
    6. Simbirkin V. N., Filimonov A. V. Opredelenie sobstvennykh form kolebaniy pri raschete sooruzheniy na seysmicheskie vozdeystviya // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 3. S. 27-30.
  • Hollow Micro-Spheres is an Efficient Filler for High-Strength Lightweight Concrete
  • UDC 691.322:691-405.8
    Alexander S. INOZEMTSEV, Evgeny V. KOROLEV
    Abstract. Results of the study on the use of hollow glass and aluminum-silicate micro-spheres as a filler for lightweight concrete and rheological characteristics of developed mixes are presented. It is established that reducing the total area of dry components surface reduces the flowability of concrete mixes due to introducing micro-spheres into fine concrete composition. Reasons for increasing the water demand of mixes on the basis of hollow micro-spheres and the strength of offered concrete with the increase of volume content of lightweight filler are substantiated. Advantages of hollow glass and ceramic micro-spheres and also prerequisites for their use in production of high-strength lightweight concretes are indicated.
    Key words: hollow aluminum-silicate and glass micro-spheres, high-strength lightweight structural concrete, porous structures, nano-modifiers.
    1. McBride S. P., Shukla A., Bose A. Processing and characterization of a lightweight concrete using cenospheres [Proizvodstvo i kharakteristiki legkikh betonov s ispol'zovaniem tsenosfer]. Journal of materials science. 2002. Vol. 37. Pp. 4217- 4225.
    2. Andrianov A. A. Sostav, polzuchest' vysokoprochnogo legkogo betona iz smesey vysokopodvizhnoy i litoy konsistentsii s modifikatorami na organomineral'noy osnove : avtoref. dis. kand. tekhn. nauk. M. : FGUP NITs «Stroitel'stvo», 2007. 15 s.
    3. Rossignolo J. A., Agnesini M., Morais J. Properties of highperformance LWAC for precast structures with Brazilian lightweight aggregates [Svoystva vysokoprochnykh legkikh betonov dlya sbornykh konstruktsiy s brazil'skim legkim zapolnitelem]. Cement and Concrete Composites. 2003. Vol. 25. Pp. 77-82.
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    5. Yasar E., Atis C. D., Kilic A., Gulsen H. Strength properties of lightweight concrete made with basaltic pumice and fly ash [Prochnostnye svoystva legkikh betonov, izgotovlennykh iz bazal'tovoy pemzy i zoly-unosa]. Materials Letters. 2003. Vol. 57. Pp. 2267-2270.
    6. Technical Report Ishikawajimaharima. Evaluation of fatigue durability precast PC slab lightweight high-strength. 2004-3. Vol. 44. No 2. Pp. 83-90.
    7. Patent 2355656 S2 RF, MPK C04B28/02. Betonnaya smes' / Ponomarev A. N., Yudovich M. I. Opubl. 20.05.2009.
    8. Figovskiy O. L., Beylin D. A., Ponomarev A. N. Uspekhi primeneniya nanotekhnologiy v stroitel'stve // Nanotekhnologii v stroitel'stve: nauchnyy internet-zhurnal. 2012. ¹ 3. S. 6-22. URL: http:// (data obrashcheniya: 20.08.2013).
    9. Assoc Prof WEE Tiong-Huan. Recent developments in lightweight high strength concrete with and without aggregates. The Third International Conference on Construction Materials: Performance, Innovations and Structural Implications, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Canada. 22-24 August 2005.
    10. Patent 2205802 RF, MPK C03B8/ 00. Rastvor dlya izgotovleniya steklyannykh mikrosfer / Medvedev E. F. Opubl. 19.04.2001.
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  • The Use of Fiberglass Reinforcement as Flexible Connectors in Sandwich Wall Panels
  • UDC 691.87:691.175-419.8:678.067.5
    Arkady V. GRANOVSKY, Sanal S. KHAKTAEV
    Abstract. Results of the test of sandwich panels with flexible connectors from fiberglass reinforcement of 7.5 mm diameter produced by OOO "Biysk zavod stekloplastikov" conducted by V.A. Kucherenko TSNIISK are presented. The comparison of strength and stiffness at shearing of layers of three-layer wall panels with ties made of fiberglass reinforcement or stainless steel is made. The efficiency of using the fiberglass reinforcement in multilayer structures of external walls of buildings is established.
    Key words: sandwich wall panels, flexible connectors, fiberglass reinforcement.
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    2. Rekomendatsii po konstruirovaniyu, izgotovleniyu i primeneniyu trekhsloynykh paneley s gibkimi svyazyami povyshennoy stoykosti k atmosfernoy korrozii / TsNIIEP zhilishcha. M., 1971. 46 s.