Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) íà ïëàòôîğìå Web of Science

Contents of issue ¹ 2 (february) 2013

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  • Peculiarities of Accounting Deformation Damages of Buildings and Structures of Historic Development in the Course of Reconstruction
  • UDC 624.042.62:69.059.38
    Alevtina M. KRYGINA, Sergey G. EMELIYANOV, Sergey P. IVANOV, Aleksandr M. SAMOKHVALOV
    Abstract. Peculiarities of the deformation of buildings in the event of insufficient consideration for design features and physical- mechanical properties of the soil base of objects in the existing development on the example of the Central Bank building in the city of Kusk are presented. Theoretical deformations of the base calculated according to the scheme of a linearly deformable half-space with due regard for the possibility of the base watering and mutual influence of foundations are analyzed.
    Key words: historical development, structural concept, deformation damages, analysis, foundation.
  • LITERATURA
    1. K voprosu povysheniya ekspluatatsionnoy nadezhnosti zdaniy istoricheskoy zastroyki / A. M. Krygina, S. P. Ivanov, P. V. Mal'tsev, A. G. Il'inov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 11. S. 88-91.
    2. SNiP 2.02.01-83*. Osnovaniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy.
    3. SNiP 2.01.07-85*. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya.
    4. SNiP II-22-81. Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii.
    5. Grozdov V. T. Tekhnicheskoe obsledovanie stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy zdaniy i sooruzheniy. SPb : VITU, 1998. 203 s.
    6. Posobie po obsledovaniyu stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy / OAO «TsNIIPromzdaniy». M., 1997.
    7. Boyko M. D. Diagnostika povrezhdeniy i metody vosstanovleniya ekspluatatsionnykh kachestv zdaniy. L. : Stroyizdat. Leningr. otd-nie, 1995. 252 s.
  • Strength of Reinforced Concrete Structures along Inclined Cracks of the First and Second Types
  • UDC 624.012.045
    Alevtina M. KRYGINA, Konstantin M. CHERNOV, Khamit Z. BASHIROV
    Abstract. A calculation procedure for determining projections of an inclined crack, the most dangerous of all possible inclined cracks forming the fan 1 is stated. The main and additional groups of equations needed to solve the task have been obtained. A new formula for determining the most dangerous of inclined cracks is presented.
    Key words: reinforced concrete structures, strength, inclined strength, stressed-strained state.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Bondarenko V. M., Kolchunov V. I. Raschetnye modeli silovogo soprotivleniya zhelezobetona: monografiya. M. : ASV, 2004. 427 s.
    2. Kolchunov V. I., Androsova N. B., Kolchina T. O. K analizu eksperimental'no-teoreticheskikh issledovaniy zhivuchesti korrozionno-povrezhdaemykh zhelezobetonnykh balochnykh sistem s razrusheniem po naklonnomu secheniyu // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 12. S. 69-72.
  • Numerical Study of Geometrically Nonlinear Shallow Shells on an Elastic Foundation with the Use of Mixed Finite Element Method in the Course of Assessment of Their Mechanical Safety
  • UDC 624.074.43
    Leonid Yu. STUPISHIN, Konstantin E. NIKITIN, Valentina Yu. TRUFANOVA
    Abstract. A procedure and an algorithm for determining the stressed-strained state of shallow axisymmetric geometrically nonlinear shells on an elastic foundation with two parameters are proposed. When developing the methodology the finite element method in mixed formulation based on the Bubnov-Galerkin method was used. Results of numerical investigations are presented.
    Key words: shell of rotation on elastic foundation, mixed finite element method, Bubnov-Galerkin method, geometrical nonlinearity.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Vlasov V. Z., Leont'ev N. N. Balki, plity i obolochki na uprugom osnovanii. M. : Fizmatgiz, 1960. 492 s.
    2. Stupishin L. Yu., Nikitin K. E. Opredelenie chastot svobodnykh kolebaniy ortotropnykh geometricheski nelineynykh pologikh obolochek vrashcheniya i kruglykh plastin s ispol'zovaniem smeshannogo konechnogo elementa // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2009. ¹1. S. 28-30.
    3. Stupishin L. Yu., Nikitin K. E. Smeshannyy konechnyy element pologoy obolochki vrashcheniya // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Str-vo. 2003. ¹ 8. S.17-23.
    4. Stupishin L. Yu., Nikitin K. E. Smeshannyy konechnyy element ortotropnoy geometricheski nelineynoy osesimmetrichnoy pologoy obolochki // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Str-vo. 2004. ¹ 6. S. 8-12.
    5. Grigolyuk E. I., Shalashilin V. I. Problemy nelineynogo deformirovaniya. M. : Nauka, 1988. 232 s.
    6. Stupishin L. Yu., Nikitin K. E. Chislennoe issledovanie ustoychivosti ortotropnykh geometricheski nelineynykh pologikh obolochek vrashcheniya s ispol'zovaniem smeshannogo metoda konechnykh elementov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 4. S. 13-16.
  • Energy Saving Methods for Innovative Production of Compressed Air in Technology of Construction Panels Manufacture on the Basis of Biospheric Systems
  • UDC 621.51:69.002.2:725/728
    Nikolay S. KOBELEV, Alevtina M. KRYGINA, Vladimir N. KOBELEV, Elena I. ERSHOVA
    Abstract. On the basis of the analysis of construction panel production at the Kursk large-panel prefabrication plant it is revealed that the pneumatic energy used in industrial processes does not ensure normalized conditions for the operation of pneumatic equipment because of pollution of the compressed air coming from the atmosphere into the compressor. An innovative solution for the treatment of intake atmospheric air in the compressor's air filter which uses the phenomena of air swirl and thermodynamic exfoliation with intensification of treatment for fine-dispersed contaminants in the form of dust and drop-shaped moisture is offered.
    Key words: energy saving methods, compressed air, atmospheric intake air, fine dust, drop-shaped moisture, contraction area, micro-turbulence, air temperature drop.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Merkulov A. P. Vikhrevoy effekt i ego primenenie v tekhnike. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1989. 238 s.
    2. Sedov L. I. Mekhanika sploshnoy sredy. M. : Nauka, 1970. T. 2. 567 s.
    3. Teplovlazhnostnyy rezhim ventiliruemoy vozdushnoy prosloyki zdaniya, obsluzhivaemogo tsentralizovannymi teplosetyami / N. S. Kobelev, T. V. Alyab'eva, V. N. Kobelev, K. V. Ryabukha // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2011. ¹ 8. S. 18-20.
  • Methods for Determining Optimum Parameters of Ribbed Shells with Due Regard for Structural Requirements and Mechanical Safety Requirements
  • UDC 624.074.4.014.2
    Leonid Yu. STUPISHIN, Konstantin E. NIKITIN
    Abstract. The automated technique of definition of optimum sizes and rib spacing of steel ribbed shells making it possible to find the most optimum variant from the point of view of cost is considered. The formulation of a problem of optimum design with constraints is given; the technique of its solution is presented.
    Key words: ribbed shell, optimum design, shell stability, welded joint.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Nikitin K. E., Stupishin L. Yu. Metodika optimal'nogo proektirovaniya rebristykh obolochek // Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Kursk: Izd-vo YuZGU. 2011. ¹ 5-2 (38). S. 227-231.
    2. Lizin V. T., Pyatkin V. A. Proektirovanie tonkostennykh konstruktsiy. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1994. 384 s.
    3. SP 16.13330.2011 «SNiP II-23-81* Stal'nye konstruktsii».
    4. Skokov V. A. Nekotoryy vychislitel'nyy opyt resheniya zadach nelineynogo programmirovaniya // Matematicheskie metody issledovaniya ekonomicheskikh zadach. M., 1977. Vyp. 7. S. 51-48.
    5. Stupishin L. Yu., Kolesnikov A. G. Issledovanie optimal'nykh form pologikh geometricheski nelineynykh obolochek peremennoy tolshchiny // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 4. S. 11-13.
  • Enhancement of Wastewater Treatment Technologies of Sugar Factories for Greening Environment
  • UDC 628.33/.35
    Tatiana V. POLIVANOVA, Konstantin A. FROLOV, Svetlana A. POLIVANOVA
    Abstract. The beet-sugar industry negatively influences on the natural environment owing to gas-dust emissions from manufacturing processes and power plants and also from the decomposition of production waste. In this context, it is proposed to use the biological treatment stations which use the anaerobic method of fermentation of production waste. This technology makes it possible to improve the environmental situation in the areas adjoining the factory and to use the gas generated (methane) for energy purposes.
    Key words: wastewater treatment, sugar production, environmental conditions, anaerobic digestion, bio-reactor.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Yakovlev S. V. Vodootvodyashchie sistemy promyshlennykh predpriyatiy. M. : Stroyizdat, 1990. 511 s.
    2. Vodnoe khozyaystvo sakharnykh zavodov / V. V. Spichak, V. N. Bazlov, P. A. Anan'eva, T. V. Polivanova. Kursk: GNU RNIISP Rossel'khozakademii, 2005. 167 s.
    3. Khentse M., Armoes P. Ochistka stochnykh vod; per. s angl. M. : Mir, 2006. 480 s.
  •  
  • The Concept and Directions of Development of the Theory of Structural Safety of Buildings and Structures under the Influence of Force and Environmental Factors
  • UDC 624.07
    Vitaly M. BONDARENKO, Vitaly I. KOLCHUNOV
    Abstract. Approaches to solving the problem of resistance to local and progressive destructions are analyzed. Basic provisions of the new concept of structural safety of structures under force and corrosion influences are formulated. Proposals for the development of the theory of survivability of structural systems in the out-of-limit state are made.
    Key words: structural safety of structures, corrosion damage, survivability exposure, force action.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Nazarov Yu. P., Gorodetskiy A. S., Simbirkin V. N. K probleme obespecheniya zhivuchesti stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy pri avariynykh vozdeystviyakh // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2009. ¹ 4. S. 5-9.
    2. Travush V. I. Bezopasnost' i ustoychivost' v prioritetnykh napravleniyakh razvitiya Rossii // Academia. 2006. ¹ 2. S. 10-15.
    3. Almazov V. O. Proektirovanie zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy po evronormam: nauch. izd. M. : ASV, 2007. 216 s.
    4. Bondarenko V. M., Kolchunov V. I., Klyueva N. V. Eshche raz o konstruktivnoy bezopasnosti i zhivuchesti zdaniy // RAASN. Yubil. vyp. k 15-letiyu RAASN. Vest. otd-niya stroit. nauk. 2007. ¹ 11. S. 81-86.
    5. Tamrazyan A. G. Resurs zhivuchesti - osnovnoy kriteriy resheniy vysotnykh zdaniy // Zhilishchnoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. ¹ 1. S. 15-18.
    6. Bondarenko V. M. Korrozionnye povrezhdeniya kak prichina lavinnogo razrusheniya zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy // Stroitel'naya mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2009. ¹ 5. S. 13-17.
    7. Kolchunov V. I., Osovskikh E. V. Raschet dinamicheskikh dogruzheniy v elementakh zhelezobetonnykh prizmaticheskikh skladok pri zaproektnykh vozdeystviyakh // Stroitel'stvo i rekonstruktsiya. 2010. ¹ 3/29. S. 7-14.
    8. Klyueva N. V., Vetrova O. A. K otsenke zhivuchesti zhelezobetonnykh ramno-sterzhnevykh konstruktivnykh sistem pri vnezapnykh zaproektnykh vozdeystviyakh // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2006. ¹ 11. S. 56.
    9. Geniev G. A., Klyueva N. V. Eksperimental'no-teoreticheskie issledovaniya nerazreznykh balok pri avariynom vyklyuchenii iz raboty otdel'nykh elementov // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Str-vo. 2000. S. 24-26.
    10. Prochnost' i deformativnost' zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy pri zaproektnykh vozdeystviyakh / G. A. Geniev, V. I. Kolchunov, N. V. Klyueva [i dr.]. M. : ASV, 2004. 216 s.
    11. Bondarenko V. M., Klyueva N. V. K raschetu sooruzheniy, menyayushchikh raschetnuyu skhemu vsledstvie korrozionnykh povrezhdeniy // Izv. vuzov. Ser. Str-vo. 2008. ¹ 1. S. 4-12.
    12. Geniev A. G. O dinamicheskikh effektakh v sterzhnevykh sistemakh iz fizicheski nelineynykh khrupkikh materialov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 1999. ¹ 9. S. 23-24.
    13. Leont'ev N. N., Sobolev D. N., Amosov E. P. Osnovy stroitel'noy mekhaniki sterzhnevykh sistem. M. : ASV, 1996. 542 s.
    14. Rabinovich I. M. Osnovy stroitel'noy mekhaniki sterzhnevykh sistem. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1960. 516 s.
    15. Mitropol'skiy Yu. E. Nestatsionarnye protsessy v nelineynykh kolebatel'nykh sistemakh. Kiev : Izd-vo AN USSR, 1995. 284 s.
    16. Bondarenko V. M., Kolchunov V. I. Ekspozitsiya zhivuchesti zhelezobetona. Novosibirsk : Izv. vuzov. Ser. Str-vo. 2007. ¹ 5. S. 4-8.
    17. Bondarenko V. M. K voprosu ob ustoychivom i neustoychivom silovom soprotivlenii zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy. Orel : Izv. OrelGTU. Ser. Str-vo i transport. 2009. ¹ 3. S. 9-18.
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  • Applying Rheological Models for Simulation of Concrete Creep
  • UDC 539.376
    Sergey B. KRYLOV, Evgeny E. GONCHAROV
    Abstract. A method of modeling the concrete creep using viscous-elastic (rheological) models, which simplifies the process of calculation of reinforced concrete structures for the effect of sustained loads and also makes it possible to more accurately reflect the deformation properties on concrete, is offered.
    Key words: nonlinear creep, rheological models, reinforced concrete structures.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Rekomendatsii po uchetu polzuchesti i usadki betona pri raschete betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy / NIIZhB Gosstroya SSSR. M. : Stroyizdat, 1988. 121 s.
    2. Aleksandrovskiy S. V. Polzuchest' i usadka betona i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy. M. : Stroyizdat, 1976. 350 s.
    3. Aleksandrovskiy S. V. Raschet betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy na izmeneniya temperatury i vlazhnosti s uchetom polzuchesti. M. : Stroyizdat, 1973. 432 s.
    4. Galustov K. Z. Nelineynaya teoriya polzuchesti betona i raschet zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy. M. : Fizmatlit, 2006. 248 s.
  • Effective Foundation Structures under Difficult Soil Conditions
  • UDC 624.15
    Maksim B. MARINICHEV, Konstantin Sh. SHADUNTS, Andrey Yu. MARSHALKA
    Abstract. An approach to designing efficient structures of foundations on weak soils in seismic regions is considered. The design of the foundation realized for the observation wheel in the city of Gelendzhik has made it possible to replace the massive foundation with a rational structure with minimum material consumption and high rigidity. A method of evaluation of efficiency of the foundation structure is proposed. Foundations with stiffening ribs can be used for the construction on structurally unstable soils and also in regions with high seismic danger.
    Key words: foundation slab, ribbing of structures, rational foundation structure, evaluation of foundation structure efficiency.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Marinichev M. B. Kompensatsiya neravnomernoy szhimaemosti osnovaniya zhestkost'yu fundamenta (na primere gruntovykh usloviy g. Krasnodara i kraya) : avtoref. dis. kand. tekhn. nauk. Volgograd, 2004. 24 s.
    2. Vasil'kov G. V. Evolyutsionnaya teoriya zhiznennogo tsikla mekhanicheskikh sistem : Teoriya sooruzheniy / Sinergetika: ot proshlogo k budushchemu. M. : LKI, 2008. 320 s.
    3. Ulitskiy V. M., Shashkin A. G. Geotekhnicheskoe soprovozhdenie razvitiya gorodov. SPb : Georekonstruktsiya, 2010. 560 s.
    4. Shadunts K. Sh. Fundament korobchatoy konstruktsii na neravnomerno osedayushchikh gruntakh // Patent RF ¹ 2228403. 2004. Byul. ¹ 13.
    5. Abovskiy N. P., Sidelev V. A. Ob effektivnosti primeneniya prostranstvennykh fundamentnykh platform, osobenno na slabykh gruntakh // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 2. S. 47-48.
  • Optimum Design of Three-Layer Panels with Due Regard for Shear Deformation of a Middle Layer
  • UDC 624.048
    Igor S. KHOLOPOV, Stanislav M. PETROV
    Abstract. Problems of the optimum design of three-layer roof sandwich-panels with due regard for a shift of the middle layer and the compliance of supports are considered. The panel center - light (such as polyfoam or mineral wool), and coverings can be executed from different materials and differ a cross-section profile. The objective function is expressed by design cost. The choice of optimum decision is carried out on the basis of comparison of options with various parameters.
    Key words: sandwich-panel, elastic compliance of supports, optimum design, cost-cutting of structure.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Shtamm K., Vitte G. Mnogosloynye konstruktsii; per. s nem.; pod red. S. S. Karmilova. M. : Stroyizdat, 1983. 300 c.
    2. Timar I., Torskiy A., Shchukin V. Ob optimal'nom vybore parametrov nagruzhennykh trekhsloynykh plastin po kriteriyu stoimosti // Fiziko-matematicheskoe modelirovanie i informatsionnye tekhnologii. 2009. Vyp. 10. S. 132-137.
    3. Petrov S. M. Raschet mnogoproletnykh sendvich-paneley s uchetom sdviga strukturirovannogo ortotropnogo mineralovatnogo srednego sloya i uprugoy podatlivosti opor // Stroit. mekhanika i raschet sooruzheniy. 2010. ¹ 4. S. 27-33.
    4. Likhtarnikov Ya. M. Variantnoe proektirovanie i optimizatsiya stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy. M. : Stroyizdat, 1979. 319 s.
    5. Rzhanitsyn A. R. Sostavnye sterzhni i plastinki. M. : Stroyizdat, 1986. 306 s.
    6. Petrov S. M. KiSP [programma] // Svid. o gosudarstvennoy registratsii programmy dlya EVM ¹ 2012614613.
    7. EUROPEAN STANDARD prEN 14509:2005 (E). Self-supporting double skin metal faced insulating panels - Factory made products - Specifications : Final draft. Brussels : CEN, 2006. 147 p.
    8. Eksperimental'nye issledovaniya raboty trekhsloynykh krovel'nykh sendvich-paneley / S. M. Petrov, E. V. Il'diyarov, N. V. Popkov [i dr.] // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2009. ¹ 6. S. 44-47.
  • Reliability of SP 52-101-2003 Formulas When Calculating the Punching Shear
  • UDC 624.012.41(083.75)
    Andrey N. BOLGOV
    Abstract. Data on reliability levels of design formulas SP 52-101-2003 are presented. New dependences for calculating the punching shear of flat reinforced concrete slabs based on the principle of ensuring their equal reliability are offered. On the basis of the statistical analysis of investigations conducted for 176 samples, the practically equally reliable formula, the index of which varies insignificantly and is about 2.9, has been determined.
    Key words: reliability of formulas, punching shear design, reinforced concrete slabs, design standards.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Fib «Punching of structural concrete slabs», April 2001.
    2. SP 52-101-2003 Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii bez predvaritel'nogo napryazheniya armatury / GUP NIIZhB. M. : FGUP TsPP, 2004.
  • Study of Subsidence of Original Ground during the Construction of Bored Piles under the Protection of a Well Casing
  • UDC 624.15.3.332
    Andrey A. KABANOV, Vasily V. NABOKOV, Nataliya I. STEKLYANNIKOVA
    Abstract. Results of the experiment on the study of subsidence of the day surface and determination of the radius of influence zone ("safety" zone) on surrounding buildings during the construction of bored piles under the protection of a well casing are considered.
    Key words: bored piles, "vacuum pump" effect, rush of soil into bored hole, soil settlement, influence zone - "safety" zone.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Fadeev A. B., Paramonov V. N. Stroitel'stvo zdaniya s zaglublennym etazhom v cherte gorodskoy zastroyki (na primere stroitel'stva doma po Maloy Dvoryanskoy ul. v Sankt-Peterburge) // Problemy rascheta i usileniya zdaniy i sooruzheniy, nakhodyashchikhsya v zone bol'shikh neravnomernykh osadok osnovaniy. SPb, 1996. S. 48-51.
    2. Ulitskiy V. M., Shashkin A. G., Shashkin K. G. Geotekhnicheskoe soprovozhdenie razvitiya gorodov / «Stroyizdat Severo-Zapad» Gruppa kompaniy «Georekonstruktsiya». SPb, 2010, C. 362-369.
    3. Opyt betonirovaniya buronabivnykh svay v usloviyakh Tsentral'noy Yakutii / G. D. Fedorova, O. I. Matveeva, A. N. Tseeva [i dr.] // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 1. S. 17-20.
    4. V. G. Shcherba, M. A. Lunyakov. Umen'shenie vliyaniya osadok stroyashchegosya zdaniya na blizraspolozhennye sooruzheniya pri ustroystve svaynykh fundamentov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2011. ¹ 1. S. 57-59.
  • Calculation of a Variable Cross-Section Frame in a Geometrically and Physically Nonlinear Formulation
  • UDC 624.072.33
    Nikolay S. GRAFOV
    Abstract. The method of calculation of a variable cross-section frame and its results are considered. The bearing capacity of the frame is determined by the value of maximum deformation. The graphs of the values of forces and displacements through the frame have been obtained. Recommendations for the improvement of the efficiency of the variable cross-section frame are made.
    Key words: steel constructions, frame of variable I-section, calculation, deformation.
  • LITERATURA
    1. STO 02494680-0049-2005. Standart organizatsii. Konstruktsii stal'nye stroitel'nye. Osnovnye printsipy rascheta na prochnost', ustoychivost', ustalostnuyu dolgovechnost' i soprotivlenie khrupkomu razrusheniyu / TsNIIPSK im. Mel'nikova. M., 2005.
    2. Grudev I. D. Ustoychivost' sterzhnevykh elementov v sostave stal'nykh konstruktsiy. M. : MIK, 2005. 320 s.
    3. Grudev I. D., Plaksin Yu. V. Analiz i raschet obrazovaniya skladki v dnishche rezervuara dlya khraneniya mazuta na TETs // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. ¹ 5. S. 23-24.
    4. Grudev I. D., Simon N. Yu., Dvornikov V. A. Forma osi, konstruktsiya i raschet ustoychivosti arok // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2008. ¹ 5. S. 22- 24.
    5. Bel'skiy G. E., Odesskiy P. D. O edinom podkhode k ispol'zovaniyu diagramm raboty stroitel'nykh staley // Promyshlennoe stroitel'stvo. 1980. ¹ 7. S. 4-6.
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  • Per-Apartment Metering Of Heat Consumption In An Apartment House With Vertical Heating System
  • UDC 697.12
    Igor A. BYCHKOVSKIY, Grigory S. SURNOV, Sergey I. SURNOV
    Abstract. A new method of per-apartment metering of heat consumption in an apartment house developed and patented by the authors of the article and based on the use of flow meters and special mathematical methods is proposed. It can be used both in the course of modernization of engineering systems of housing and construction of new housing.
    Key words: resource saving, heating system, consumption metering device, flow meter, heat meter, heating device, heat carrier.
  • LITERATURA
    1. URL: http://www.teplo-com.ru/katalog/katalog/armatura-danfoss/sredstva-ucheta-teplopotreblenija-danfoss/radiatornye-schetchikiraspredeliteli (data obrashcheniya: 30.11.2012).
    2. URL: http://www.gazprom.ru/f/posts/05/298369/annual-report-2011-rus.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 30.11.2012).
    3. Raspredeliteli stoimosti potreblennoy teploty ot komnatnykh otopitel'nykh priborov : Standart AVOK. 4.3-2007 (EN 834:1994).
    4. Bershidskiy G. A., Sasin V. I., Sotchenko V. A. Metodika opredeleniya nominal'nogo teplovogo potoka otopitel'nykh priborov pri teplonositele vode. M. : NIIsantekhniki, 1984. 25 s.
    5. Bychkovskiy I. A., Surnov G. S., Surnov S. I. Sposob opredeleniya doli potrebleniya teplovoy energii otdel'nym potrebitelem pri otoplenii mnogokvartirnogo doma s dvukhtrubnoy sistemoy otopleniya i sistema otopleniya dlya ego osushchestvleniya // Patent Rossii ¹ 2403541. 2010. Byul. ¹ 31.
    6. Bychkovskiy I. A., Surnov G. S., Surnov S. I. Sposob opredeleniya potrebleniya teplovoy energii otdel'nym potrebitelem pri otoplenii mnogokvartirnogo doma s odnotrubnoy sistemoy otopleniya i sistema otopleniya dlya ego osushchestvleniya // Patent Rossii ¹ 2449250. 2012. Byul. ¹ 12.
  • The Work of User with Shortcomings of Software Complexes for Design of Building Structures
  • UDC 624.04.004
    Vladimir G. ZAIKIN, Artem Ğ. ZAYNULIN
    Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of increasing the efficiency of use of software complexes for design of building structures on the basis of the finite element method in design offices. Examples of the "disappointment" of designers at analyzing results of computer calculations are presented. Results of the calculation with the use of the software complexes "Lira" and "Stark" et. al are compared; recommendations for overcoming "shortcomings" of programs are made.
    Key words: design of building structures, designer, program complex, overcoming of "disappointment".
  • LITERATURA
    1. Krakovskiy M. B. Svyaz' programmy «OM SNiP ZhELEZOBETON» s programmnymi kompleksami SCAD i Lira // Beton i zhelezobeton. 2007. ¹ 1. S. 8-12.
    2. Zaikin V. G. O nekotorykh problemakh ispol'zovaniya PK «Lira» pri proektirovanii zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy // Materialy MNPK «Itogi stroitel'noy nauki». Vladimir : VlGU, 2010. S. 210-214.
    3. Zaikin V.G., Valuyskikh V. P. O normalizatsii rezul'tatov MKE v proektnykh raschetakh stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy // Vestnik MGSU. Stroitel'stvo i arkhitektura. 2011. ¹ 6. S. 329-334.
    4. Rukovodstvo po raschetu staticheski neopredelimykh zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy / NIIZhB. M. : Stroyizdat, 1975. 192 s.
    5. Zaikin V. G. Tekhnologicheskie instruktsii kak osnova sertifikatsii komp'yuternykh programm // Byulleten' stroitel'noy tekhniki. 2000. ¹ 6. S. 55.
    6. Zaikin V. G. O neodnoznachnoy otsenke raschetov stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy // Stroitel' Kazakhstana. 2006. ¹ 16/17. S. 4-6.
    7. Zaikin V. G., Valuyskikh V. P. Status, rol' i znachenie komp'yuternykh raschetov stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy v massovom proektirovanii // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 5. S. 42-44.
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  • New in SP 28.13330.2012 «SNiP 2.03.11-85 Protection of Building Structures against Corrosion»
  • UDC 691.328(083.75):699.8
    Nikolay K. ROZENTAL, Galina V. CHEKHNY
    Abstract. Basic provisions of SP 28.13330.2012 "SNiP 2.03.11-85 Protection of Building Structures against Corrosion" are presented. The assessment of aggressiveness of carbon dioxide, chloride and sulfate environments in relation to concretes of very low filtration (to W20) and diffusive (to 10-9 cm2/c) permeability is made.
    Key words: corrosion, aggressive environment, water impermeability, sulphate resistance, diffusion permeability for chlorides.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Moskvin V. M. Korroziya betona. M. : Gosstroyizdat, 1952. 344 s.
    2. Korroziya betona i zhelezobetona. Metody ikh zashchity / V. M. Moskvin, F. M. Ivanov, S. N. Alekseev, E. A. Guzeev. M. : Stroyizdat, 1980. 536 s.
    3. Rozental' N. K. Korrozionnaya stoykost' tsementnykh betonov nizkoy i osobo nizkoy pronitsaemosti. M. : FGUP TsPP, 2006. 520 s.
    4. Rozental' N. K., Chekhniy G. V., Lyubarskaya G. V. Betony s vodoredutsiruyushchimi i uplotnyayushchimi dobavkami v sul'fatnykh i khloridnykh sredakh // Tsement i ego primenenie. 2011. ¹ 1. S. 106-110.
    5. Stepanova V. F. Zashchita betonnykh i zhelezobetonnykh konstruktsiy ot korrozii - osnova obespecheniya dolgovechnosti zdaniy i sooruzheniy // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2013. ¹ 1. S. 13-15.
    6. Rozental' N. K. Pronitsaemost' i korrozionnaya stoykost' betona // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2013. ¹ 1. S. 35-37.
  • About Standards of an Organization for Construction of Structures in Seismic Regions
  • UDC 699.841(083.75)
    Adolf M. KURZANOV, Gennady A. SHABALIN
    Abstract. Two standards of an organization for the design of structures (including a higher level of responsibility) in seismic areas have been developed at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia. Principal shortcomings of the actualized version of SNiP 11-7-81* analyzed by the authors of the article in their publications have been removed.
    Key words: seismic safety of structures, design specifications, standards of organization, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
  • LITERATURA
    1. STO RUDN 02066463-001-2011. Stroitel'stvo v seysmicheskikh rayonakh. Normy proektirovaniya sooruzheniy. M. : RUDN, 2011. 35 s.
    2. STO RUDN 02066463-002-2011. Stroitel'stvo sooruzheniy povyshennogo urovnya otvetstvennosti v 5-6-ball'nykh seysmicheskikh rayonakh. Normy proektirovaniya. M. : RUDN, 2012. 25 s.
    3. Kurzanov A. M. Chto mozhno ozhidat' ot sleduyushchego zemletryaseniya v Rossii // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 2. S. 53-55.
    4. Kurzanov A. M. O proekte vtoroy redaktsii aktualizirovannogo SNiP II-7-81* «Stroitel'stvo v seysmicheskikh rayonakh» // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 5. S. 55-58.
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  • About New Principles of Updating Procedures of Magnetic Control of Ferrous Impurities in Raw Materials of Building Materials
  • UDC 666.122.2:621.928.8
    Aleksandr V. SANDULYAK, Anna A. SANDULYAK, Dmitry V. ERSHOV, Vera A. ERSHOVA
    Abstract. It is shown that in the course of realization of the method of polyoperational magnetic control of ferrous impurities in raw materials of building materials (as the preferred method of control over the operation of magnetic separators) two negative factors appear: the inevitable presence of ferrous impurities residues and "following" involvement of environment particles. For taking into account these factors and removal of errors of control, it is suggested, firstly, to use an approach based on the predictive extrapolation of the obtained mass-operational characteristic (functionally legalized) and, secondly, to make the statistical assessment of share presence of ferroparticles proper in the sediment with appropriate correction of the operational mass.
    Key words: polyoperational magnetic control, mass-operational characteristic, extrapolation of operational mass, rating of proportion of ferrofraction.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Raschet energoemkosti gornykh porod kak syr'ya dlya proizvodstva stroitel'nykh materialov / I. R. Abramovskaya, A. M. Ayzenshtadt, L. A. Veshnyakova [i dr.] // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 10. S. 23-25.
    2. Proektirovanie sostava nano- i mikrostrukturirovannykh stroitel'nykh kompozitsionnykh materialov / A. M. Ayzenshtadt, T. A. Makhova, M. A. Frolova [i dr.] // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 10. S. 14-18.
    3. Funktsional'naya ekstrapolyatsiya massovo-operatsionnoy kharakteristiki magnitoforeza kak osnova pretsizionnogo metoda kontrolya ferrochastits / A. A. Sandulyak, M. N. Polismakova, D. V. Ershov [i dr.] // Izmeritel'naya tekhnika. 2010. ¹ 8. S. 57-60.
    4. Sposob opredeleniya kontsentratsii magnitovospriimchivykh primesey v tekuchey srede / A. V. Sandulyak, M. N. Pugacheva, A. A. Sandulyak [i dr.]. Patent RF ¹ 2409425. 2011. Byul. ¹ 2.
    5. Zemlyacheva E. A., Kotunov S. V., Vlasko A. V. Magnitnoe obogashchenie syr'evykh materialov - novye tekhnologii // Steklo i keramika. 2006. ¹ 5. S. 34-35.
    6. Artyushov R. T. Primenenie i konstruktsiya rolikovogo separatora na magnitakh Nd-Fe-B dlya separatsii kvartsevogo peska, polevogo shpata i drugikh sypuchikh materialov // Primenenie magnitnykh separatorov v promyshlennosti : sb. dokl. IX Mezhdunar. seminara (Rovno, 2005). S. 28-32.
    7. Tkachev P. P., Khayt O. D. Syr'e, optimizatsiya promyshlennykh sostavov shikht i stekol (SiO2-R2O3-RO-R2O) s tsel'yu snizheniya sebestoimosti i uluchsheniya kachestva produktsii. Nekotorye problemy upravleniya kachestvom produktsii // Tam zhe. S. 11-17.
    8. Opyt ispol'zovaniya magnitnykh i elektromagnitnykh separatorov pri obogashchenii nemetallicheskikh poleznykh iskopaemykh / R. A. Khaydarov, T. Z. Lygina, F. Kh. Khasanova, S. F. Khaydarova // Tam zhe. S. 24-25.
    9. Pnevmoimpul'snye tekhnologii ottirki sypuchego mineral'nogo syr'ya / Yu. V. Kholod, A. N. Yuzerov, Yu. V. Kovtun, V. B. Yuferov // Tam zhe. S. 26-27.
    10. Vliyanie kavitatsii na tekhnologicheskie svoystva rudnogo i nerudnogo mineral'nogo syr'ya / A. R. Makavetskas, T. V. Bashlykova, G. A. Pakhomova [i dr.] // Tsvetnye metally. 2007. ¹ 3. S. 87-92.
    11. Maslennikova G. N., Khalilullova R. A., Platov Yu. T. Identifikatsiya soedineniy zheleza v glinosoderzhashchikh materialakh // Steklo i keramika. 1999. ¹ 2. S. 12-15.
    12. Savko A. D., Mikhin V. P. Stekol'nye peski v aptskikh otlozheniyakh mezhdurech'ya Don-Veduga // Vest. Voronezhskogo un-ta. Geologiya. 2005. ¹ 1. S. 152-166.
    13. Kara-sal B. K. Vliyanie zhelezistykh soedineniy na spekanie glinistykh mass pri ponizhennom davlenii sredy obzhiga // Steklo i keramika. 2005. ¹ 2. S. 13-16.
    14. Realizatsiya pretsizionnoy magnitodiagnostiki tonkodispersnykh ferrovklyucheniy SOZh / A. V. Sandulyak, D. I. Svistunov, D. A. Sandulyak [i dr.] // Tekhnologiya mashinostroeniya. 2011. ¹ 8. S. 53-57.
    15. Stroitel'nye materialy / pod obshch. red. V. G. Mikul'skogo i G. P. Sakharova. M. : ASV, 2011. 520 s.
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  • Management of Building Waste on the Basis of Creation of Specialized Logistic Centers
  • UDC 69.059.64
    Aleksandr V. ALEKSANIN, Sergey B. SBORSHCHIKOV
    Abstract. It is proposed to use specialized logistic centers for effective management of construction waste. Functions of the logistic centers and the system of their interaction with civil engineering firms and enterprises for waste processing are considered. An example of the foreign experience clearly demonstrating the efficiency of the offered system of building waste management is given.
    Key words: building waste, management, logistic specialized center, secondary resources.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Oleynik S. P., Solomin I. A., Kharitonov S. E. Itogi pervogo etapa eksperimenta po elementnoy razborke tipovykh pyatietazhnykh zdaniy pervogo perioda industrial'nogo domostroeniya v Moskve // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. ¹ 3. S. 57-58.
    2. Oleynik S. P. O rezul'tatakh issledovaniya problemy upravleniya stroitel'nymi otkhodami // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. ¹ 9. S. 57.
    3. URL: http://gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat/rosstatsite/main/ (data obrashcheniya: 22.12.11)
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  • Ensuring the Safety of Landslide Hazard Areas of a Coastal Urbanized Territory
  • UDC 627.418.1
    Viktor Yu. NOVIKOV
    Abstract. Issues of conducting the study of slope processes and complex engineering-geological survey as well as design and construction of bank-protection structures on landslide hazard areas of the shore. In the course of construction of hydroengineering coast-protecting structures environmental safety of urbanized territories is ensured. The destruction of the waterside massif in the city of Rybinsk and the construction of a coast protecting structure is considered as an example.
    Key words: development of coastal territory, hydrogeological conditions, landslides, embankment improvement, channel deformations, shore protection, landscape.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Postoev G. P. Otsenka predel'nykh sostoyaniy gruntovykh massivov dlya tseley upravleniya prirodnymi riskami // Materialy Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. «Georisk-2009». M. : RUDN, 2009. T. 2. S. 330-335.
    2. Chalov R. S. Ruslovedenie. Ruslovye protsessy : faktory, mekhanizmy, formy proyavleniya i usloviya formirovaniya rechnykh rusel : v 2 t. M. : MGU, 2003. T. 1. 418 s.
    3. Fedodeev V. I. Modelirovanie sklonovykh protsessov na beregakh vodoemov // Geoekologiya. 2004. ¹ 6. S. 27-31.
    4. Zaikanov V. G., Minakova T. B. Geoekologicheskaya otsenka territoriy. M. : Nauka, 2005. 254 s.
    5. Prognoz ekzogennykh geologicheskikh protsessov na poberezh'e / pod red. A. I. Sheko. M. : Nauka, 1979. 386 s.
    6. Slesarev M. Yu., Rubashevskiy D. I. Organizatsiya sistemy tekhnicheskogo regulirovaniya v aspektakh ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti stroitel'stva // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2011. ¹ 3. S. 46-47.
    7. Krasnyanskiy L. N. Povyshenie investitsionnoy aktivnosti v gorodskom stroitel'stve. M. : Ekonomika, 2001. 256 s.
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  • To the 160th Anniversary of the Birth of V.G. Shukhov
  • UDC 692.44:624.21:624.97(092)
    Viktor V. GRANEV, Emil N. KODYSH, Aleksandr N. MAMIN
    Abstract. In connection with the jubilee of the founder of the Russian school of metal engineering, the great Russian engineer V. G. Shukhov, an overview of his works, which are an outstanding contribution to the development of construction, shipbuilding, hydromechanics, oil-processing, hydrogeology, military science, boiler building etc, is presented. His works have not lost their relevance to this day
    Key words: V. G. Shukhov, cylindrical tanks, "Shukhov Boiler", triangular bridge trusses, vaulted roofs, lattice towers.
  • LITERATURA
    1. V. G. Shukhov. 1853-1939. Iskusstvo konstruktsiy; pod red. R. Grefe, M. M. Gappoeva, O. Perchi / per. s nem. M. : Mir, 1994. 192 s.
    2. Tekhnicheskoe sostoyanie nesushchikh konstruktsiy radiobashni V. G. Shukhova / V. V. Granev, A. N. Mamin, E. N. Kodysh [i dr.] // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 12. S. 90-92.
    3. Ershov M., Eremin D., Korchunov A. K 90-letiyu sooruzheniya radiobashni V. G. Shukhova na Shabolovke. Rekonstruktsiya (restavratsiya) bashni genial'nogo russkogo inzhenera. // Tekhnicheskoe regulirovanie. 2012. ¹ 1. S. 32-36.
    4. Shukhova E. M. «Ne kapital, no dukhovnaya energiya inzhenera...» // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2003. ¹ 6. S. 11-13.
    5. Luzhkov Yu. M. «Moskva vsegda byla gorodom peredovoy nauki i tekhniki» // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2003. ¹ 12. S. 4-7.
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  • Innovative Technologies of Manufacturing Prefabricated Reinforced Concrete Structures with a New Type of Reinforcement
  • UDC 624.075.23:691.87:693.554.001.5
    Samuel Ien-Lian IN
    Abstrat. Methods of manufacturing prefabricated reinforced concrete products developed by "RUENTEX" (Taiwan) are presented. The group has patented many inventions such as a stirrup from one bar, technique of stirrup winding, multispiral reinforcement, system of production of prefabricated waffle slabs for reducing the influence of vibrations when constructing plants of high technology etc. These patents help to enhance the existing structural systems and also reduce the construction time, laboriousness and reinforcement consumption.
    Key words: prefabricated reinforced concrete structures, antiseismic construction, reinforcement, multispiral reinforcement cage.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Yin, S. Design and Construction Innovations for Reinforced Concrete Structures // The 3rd ACF International Conference, Vietnam, 2008. P. 77-92.
    2. Yin, Y. L. Multi-Spiral Stirrups // Taiwan Patent ¹ M241456, 2006.
    3. Gusev B. V., Zvezdov A. I., In, Samuel Ien-Lyan. Napryazhenno-deformirovannoe sostoyanie v betone kak kompozitsionnom materiale pri deystvii szhimayushchikh nagruzok i ratsional'noe armirovanie // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 6. S. 34- 36.
    4. In, Samuel Ien-Lyan. Eksperimental'nye issledovaniya gibridnogo spiral'nogo armirovaniya v pryamougol'nykh kolonnakh // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2012. ¹ 12. S. 77-80.
  • A New Approach to Strengthening Foundations of Buildings and Structures under Construction on the Basis of Trenchless Hole Boring
  • UDC 624.15:728.1.004.68
    Igor S. BROVKO, Elizaveta I. BROVKO
    Abstract. Basic provisions of the trenchless hole boring method are given; its advantages are emphasized and its applicability for solving geotechnical problems is substantiated. This primarily refers to the strengthening of foundations of buildings under reconstruction where horizontally arranged wells in combination with pre-stressed beams represent the reliable compensating geotechnical structure. On the basis of the analysis and engineering design, new options for foundation strengthening are offered.
    Key words: reconstruction of buildings, foundation strengthening, horizontal trenchless hole boring.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Mikhel'son I. S., Zemskov V. M., Krasnoludskiy N. V. Opredelenie moshchnosti ustroystva dlya vibroprokola gorizontal'noy skvazhiny v grunte // Vestnik SGTU. Saratov, 2009. Vyp. 1. S 47-52.
    2. Mikhel'son I. S., Zemskov V. M., Krasnoludskiy N. V. Effektivnye konstruktsii bestransheynykh mashin dlya prokladki kommunikatsiy sposobom vibroprokola // Molodezhnyy innovatsionnyy forum : sb. statey. Penza, 2010-2011. S. 274-279.
    3. Rybakov A. P. Osnovy bestransheynykh tekhnologiy. M. : Pressbyuro ¹ 1, 2005. 304 s.
    4. Gorizontal'noe burenie. URL: http:// www. ru.wikipedia.org/wiki (data obrashcheniya: 16.02.2013).
    5. STO NOSTROY 2.27.17-2011. Osvoenie podzemnogo prostranstva. Prokladka inzhenernykh podzemnykh kommunikatsiy metodom gorizontal'nogo napravlennogo bureniya.
    6. Bobylev L. M., Bobyleva A. L. Novyy sposob usileniya osnovaniy i fundamentov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 1994. ¹ 11-12. S. 31-32.
    7. Romakin N. E., Romakin D. N., Zemskov V. M. Ustroystvo dlya obrazovaniya skvazhin v grunte // Patent Rossii ¹ 2238370. 2004. Byul. ¹ 29.