Published since 1923
DOI: 10.33622/0869-7019
Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) ÝÓ ´ŰÓ˛˘ţ­ýň Web of Science

Contents of issue ╣ 6 (june) 2011

  •  
  • The International Conference Devoted to the 130th Anniversary of the Melnikov TSNIIPSK
  • Updating of Building Specifications and Mechanical Safety of Building Structures
  • UDC 699.8(083.75):624.01
    Vladimir K. VOSTROV, Nikolay I. PRESNYAKOV
    The approaches to updating the acting system of the RF Code of Practice and Building Regulations (SNiP) are analyzed. The shortcomings of updating are shown on the example of concrete SNiPs, and the ways of their correction are outlined. The main shortcoming of actualization of the SNiP, national and interstate standards and standards of certain organizations is the lack of detailed requirements concerning the accounting of emergency calculated situations presented in the GOST 27751-88* and the Federal Law ╣ 384-FZ.
    Keywords: updating, standardization, mechanical safety, strength, stability.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Ajzenberg Ya. M. K voprosu aktualizacii SNiP II-7-81* // Sejsmostojkoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 4. S. 26-30.
    2. GOST 27751-88*. Nadezhnost' stroitel'nyx konstrukcij osnovanij. Osnovnye polozheniya po raschetu.
    3. SNiP II-23-81*. Stal'nye konstrukcii.
    4. SNiP 2.01.07-85*. Nagruzki i vozdejstviya.
    5. SNiP II-7-81*. Stroitel'stvo v sejsmicheskix rajonax.
    6. SNiP 2.03.06-85*. Alyuminievye konstrukcii.
    7. SNiP 2.09.03-85. Sooruzheniya promyshlennyx predpriyatij.
    8. SNiP 2.06.04-82*. Nagruzki i vozdejstviya na gidrotexnicheskie sooruzheniya (volnovye, ledovye i ot sudov).
    9. SNiP 2.02.01-83*. Osnovaniya zdanij i sooruzhenij.
    10. SNiP 52-01-2003. Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstrukcii. Osnovnye polozheniya.
    11. SP 53-102-2004. Obshhie pravila proektirovaniya stal'nyx konstrukcij.
    12. SNiP 3.03.01-87. Nesushhie i ograzhdayushhie konstrukcii.
    13. GOST 31385-2008. Rezervuary vertikal'nye cilindricheskie stal'nye dlya nefti i nefteproduktov. Obshhie texnicheskie usloviya.
    14. Obespechenie nesushhej sposobnosti uzla sopryazheniya stenki i dnishha vzryvozashhishhennyx vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix, stal'nyx rezervuarov / I. S. Xolopov, Eh. Ya. Elenickij, O. A. Koval'chuk, S. Eh. Elenickij // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 7. S. 52-54.
    15. Il'in E. G., Vostrov V. K. Snegovye nagruzki i konstruktivnye parametry sfericheskix alyuminievyx krysh dlya vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix stal'nyx i zhelezobetonnyx rezervuarov // Nauka i texnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov. 2011. # 1. S. 4-8.
    16. PB 03-604-03. Pravila ustrojstva vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix stal'nyx rezervuarov dlya nefti i nefteproduktov.
    17. API STANDART. Welded Steel Tanks for oil storage / American Petroleum Institute. Tens edition.
    18. EN 1993-4-2:2007 Evrokod 3. Proektirovanie stal'nyx konstrukcij. Ch. 4-2. Rezervuary.
    19. Vostrov V. K. Predel'nye sostoyaniya i voprosy konstrukcionnoj (mexanicheskoj) bezopasnosti stroitel'nyx metallokonstrukcij // Strojmetall. 2011. # 1. S. 14-18.
    20. Vostrov V. K., Katanov A. A. Raschet napryazhenij i peremeshhenij v utornom uzle i okrajkax dnishha rezervuara // Montazhnye i special'nye raboty v stroitel'stve. 2005. # 8. S. 22-26.
    21. Popov N. A., Lebedeva I. V. Sravnitel'nyj analiz Evrokodov EN 1990, EN 1991 i rossijskix stroitel'nyx norm i perspektivy razrabotki nacional'nyx prilozhenij // Byulleten' NOSTROYa. 2011. # 2. S. 122-128.
    22. Karpenko N. I., Kolchunov V. I. O konceptual'no-metodologicheskix podxodax k obespecheniyu konstruktivnoj bezopasnosti // Stroitel'naya mexanika i raschet sooruzhenij. 2007. # 1. S. 4-8.
    23. Vostrov V. K. Voprosy prognozirovaniya ostatochnogo resursa metallokonstrukcij s uchetom korrozionnyx povrezhdenij // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2005. # 5. S. 42-44.
    24. Gladshtejn L. I. Razrushenie materiala i ehlementov stal'nyx stroitel'nyx konstrukcij // Metallurg. 2011. # 2. S. 61-66.
  • Two Aspects of Mechanical Safety of Buildings and Structures (Public Technical Policy)
  • UDC 699.8:624.01
    Vladimir V. LARIONOV
    Some problems of mechanical safety of buildings and structures are considered in connection with the introduction of self-regulation of building activities (without the state participation) and the started process of improving the national normative base (updating of building norms and rules).
    Keywords: safety of buildings and structures, self-regulation in construction, standards, updating.
  • Resistance of Connection Assembly Elements of Grid Roofs' Metal Structures to Brittle Fracture
  • UDC 624.078.074.5.14.2
    Leonid I. GLADSHTEYN, Yevgeny M. BASKO,
    Nikolay I. SOTSKOV, Dmitry L. MOSYAGIN
    In order to determine a range of performance for a new connecting welded assembly of grid roof steel structures of large engineering structures, the samples of assembly elements have been tested under extreme conditions of low negative temperatures (to minus 100░C and below) and high stress concentration (concentration factor up to 15) in the most trouble parts of welded joints.
    The high resistance to brittle fracture of assembly elements was determined that allowed to recommend its application under various operation conditions, including the structures of źnorthern version╗.
    Keywords: fracture force, breaking stress, ductile fracture, brittle fracture, stress concentration, stress concentration factor, welding, welded joint, brittle fracture resistance, assembly, structure, structure elements, low temperature.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Trofimov V. I., Begun G. B. Strukturnye konstrukcii. M.: Strojizdat, 1972. 272 s.
    2. Trofimov V. I., Kaminskij A. M. Legkie metallicheskie konstrukcii zdanij i sooruzhenij. M.: ASV, 2002. 575 s.
    3. Mosyagin D. L., Ruzhanskij I. L., Gladshtejn L. I. Razrabotka soedinitel'nogo uzla metallicheskix konstrukcij setchatyx prostranstvennyx pokrytij krupnyx inzhenernyx sooruzhenij // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 5. S. 32-35.
    4. Ruzhanskij I. L., Mosyagin D. L. Konstruktivnye osobennosti nesushhix metallokonstrukcij pokrytiya dlya aehrovokzal'nogo kompleksa v Moskve // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2009. # 5. S. 6-8.
    5. Razrabotka stali klassa 390 i texnologii proizvodstva prokata dlya uzlovyx ehlementov prostranstvennyx metallokonstrukcij / L. I. Gladshtejn, D. L. Mosyagin, I. F. Pemov [i dr.] // Metallurg. 2010. # 2. S. 61-68.
    6. Mel'nikov N. P., Basko E. M., Belyaev B. F. Inzhenernyj metod rascheta stroitel'nyx metallicheskix konstrukcij na xrupkuyu prochnost' // Tr. in-ta / CNIIproektstal'konstrukciya. M., 1982. S. 13-19.
    7. Gladshtejn L. I. Razrushenie materiala i ehlementov stal'nyx stroitel'nyx konstrukcij // Metallurg. 2011. # 2. S. 61-66. # 3; S. 48-54; # 4. S. 70-77.
    8. Basko E. M., Afonin A. S. O kriteriyax ocenki soprotivleniya xrupkomu razrusheniyu ehlementov stal'nyx konstrukcij s uchetom treshhinopodobnyx defektov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 9. S. 41-43.
    9. Maxutov N. A. Soprotivlenie ehlementov konstrukcij xrupkomu razrusheniyu. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1973. 200 s.
  • Determination of Defect Rejection Sizes in Butt Welds of Vertical Steel Tanks
  • UDC 624.078.3:624.95
    Yevgeny M. BASKO, Andrey S. AFONIN
    The technique for estimation of defect rejection sizes in the butt welds of vertical cylindrical tanks is presented with due regard for the stress state, loading conditions and cracking resistance characteristics of material. It is shown that this technique can be applied both when performing the periodic technical diagnosis and during analysis of tank fracture risk in case of its wall depressurization.
    Keywords: crack resistance, steel, tank, strength, defect, temperature, stress intensity factor, design resistance, welds, diagnosis, calculation, fracture.
  • LITERATURA
    1. GOST 31385-2008. Rezervuary vertikal'nye cilindricheskie stal'nye dlya nefti i nefteproduktov.
    2. PB 03-605-03. Pravila ustrojstva vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix rezervuarov dlya nefti i nefteproduktov.
    3. Chashin S. M. Defekty svarnyx soedinenij gazoprovodnyx metallokonstrukcij, prochnost' soedinenij i metody normirovaniya. Ser. Transport i podzemnoe xranenie gaza. M. : RAO , 1994. 40 s.
    4. Rozenshtejn I. M. Avarii i nadezhnost' stal'nyx rezervuarov. M. : Nedra, 1995. 254 s.
    5. Evdokimov V. V., Basko E. M. O normirovanii dopustimyx razmerov vnutrennix defektov v svarnyx soedineniyax stenki pri texnicheskom diagnostirovanii vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix rezervuarov dlya xraneniya nefti // Montazhnye i special'nye raboty v stroitel'stve. 2007. # 6. S. 24-27.
    6. Problemy razrusheniya, resursa i bezopasnosti texnicheskix sistem : sb. nauch. tr. Krasnoyarsk : Associaciya KODAS - Sibora, 1997. 520 s.
    7. Maxutov N. A. Soprotivlenie ehlementov konstrukcij xrupkomu razrusheniyu. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1973. 200 s.
    8. Basko E. M., Afonin A. S. O kriteriyax ocenki soprotivleniya xrupkomu razrusheniyu ehlementov stal'nyx konstrukcij s uchetom treshhinopodobnyx defektov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 9. S. 41-43.
    9. SA 03-008-08. Standart associacii. Rezervuary vertikal'nye stal'nye svarnye dlya nefti i nefteproduktov. Texnicheskoe diagnostirovanie i analiz bezopasnosti / Rostexehkspertiza. M., 2009.
    10. GOST R 52857.6-2007. Sosudy i apparaty. Normy i metody rascheta na prochnost'. Raschet na prochnost' pri malociklovyx nagruzkax.
    11. Gorickij V. M. Ustanovlenie prichiny uskorennogo rosta treshhiny v stenke vertikal'nogo stal'nogo rezervuara RVSP-20000 // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 5. S. 25-28.

  • Calculations of Vertical Cylindrical Tanks Using Static and Linear-Spectral Theories of Earthquake-Resistance
  • UDC 699.841:624.953-465
    Yury L. BORMOT, Viktor I. MALY
    After correction of the methods of calculation of seismic impact based on the non-deformability of a tank shell, the comparison with results of calculation using the linear-spectral theory founded on solving the problem of hydroelasticity for fluid and a cylindrical shell is made. Almost the full coincidence of results for integral characteristics in the form of tilting moment is received. However, in detail the solutions differ significantly, especially for high tanks.
    Keywords: seismicity, vertical cylindrical tank, fluid pressure, tilting moment
  • LITERATURA
    1. Gol'denblat I. I., Nikolaenko N. A. Raschet konstrukcij na dejstvie sejsmicheskix i impul'snyx sil. M. : Gosstrojizdat, 1961. 320 s.
    2. Malyj V. I. Analiz raschetnyx sxem dlya opisaniya dinamiki vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix rezervuarov pri sejsmicheskix vozdejstviyax // Mexanika razrushenij : sb. statej. M. : ISTEK, 1999. S. 148-174.
    3. API standard 650. Tenth Edition, November 1998. Addendum 4. December 2005.
    4. Birbraer A. N. Raschet konstrukcij na sejsmostojkost'. SPb : Nauka, 1998. 225 s.
    5. Masopust R. Dynamicka interakce kapaliny s nadrzi pri seizmickem buzeni // Stavebnicki casopis. 1988. T. 36. # 7.
    6. Malyj V. I., Bormot Yu. L. Opyt opisaniya dinamiki vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix rezervuarov s zhidkost'yu pri sejsmicheskix vozdejstviyax // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 1998. # 5. S. 43-45.
    7. Raschet sejsmostojkosti vertikal'nyx cilindricheskix rezervuarov / Yu. L. Bormot, V. I. Malyj, V. L. Kulikov, M. O. Pavlova // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 1995. # 5. S. 25-26.
  • Limit State of I-Beam at Bending
  • UDC 624.072.2
    Ivan D. GRUDEV
    The theoretical method for calculating the critical load at which a local fold appears in the I-beam flange at transverse bending is proposed. As follows from the article the bearing capacity of the I-beam at transverse bending is determined by flange stability but not a criterion of SNiP II-23-81.
    Keywords: I-beam, bending, fold, limit state.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Grudev I. D. Analiz napryazhenij v balke dvutavrovogo secheniya v usloviyax poperechnogo izgiba // Vestnik otdeleniya stroitel'nyx nauk RAASN. 2011. # 15.
    2. Grudev I. D., Plaksin Yu. V. Ob"yasnenie i raschet obrazovaniya skladki v dnishhe rezervuara, ispol'zuemogo dlya xraneniya mazuta na TEhC // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 5. S. 23-24.
    3. Odesskij P. D., Bel'skij G. E. O edinom podxode k ispol'zovaniyu diagramm raboty stroitel'nyx stalej // Promyshlennoe stroitel'stvo. 1980. # 7. S. 4-6.
    4. Grudev I. D. Ustojchivost' sterzhnevyx ehlementov v sostave stal'nyx konstrukcij. M. : MIK, 2005. 320 s.
  • Actual Irregularities of Surface Shape of Domed Roofs for Tanks with a Capacity of 50,000 m3
  • UDC 624.074.7.95:621.642.3.033
    Dmitry L. MOSYAGIN, Vladimir └. GOLOVANOV, Yevgeny G. ILYIN
    Method for determining the actual shape of a grid shell with the use of only high-rise deviations of structure assemblies from the design position is presented. The shapes and amplitudes of the most common surface defects have been revealed on the basis of analysis of the five existing roofs. The technique for using these data when designing roof structures has been developed.
    Keywords: dome, surface, irregularities, analysis, stiffness.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Savel'ev V. A. Teoreticheskie osnovy proektirovaniya metallicheskix kupolov: dis. :d-ra texn. nauk. M., 1995. 439 s.
    2. Vol'mir A. S. Ustojchivost' deformiruemyx sistem. 2-e izd. pererab. i dop. M. : Nauka, 1967. 984 s.
    3. Molev I. V. Setchatye kupola v sovremennoj stroitel'noj praktike : ucheb. posobie. Gor'kij : GISI im. V. P. Chkalova, 1990. 76 s.
    4. Tur V. I. Kupol'nye konstrukcii: formoobrazovanie, raschet, konstruirovanie, povyshenie ehffektivnosti : ucheb. posobie. M. : ASV, 2004. 96 s.
    5. Ruzhanskij I. L. Alyuminievye i stal'nye setchatye kupola // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2002. # 6. S. 16.
    6. Ruzhanskij I. L. Alyuminievyj kupol dlya rezervuara diametrom 40 m // Montazhnye i special'nye raboty v stroitel'stve. 2002. # 7. S. 11-12.
    7. Pavlov A. B., Kalashnikov G. V., Ruzhanskij I. L. Stal'nye konstrukcii ehlektrodepo Moskovskoj monorel'sovoj transportnoj sistemy // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2003. # 6. S. 18-20.
  • Evaluation of the Stress-Strain State of Longitudinal Butt Welds of a Box-Type Span Using the Method of Metal Magnetic Memory
  • UDC 624.078.3:624.27/.3
    Vitaly M. GORITSKY, Alexander V. MALAN'IN,
    Oleg V. GORITSKY, Grigory M. PLESKOV

    Using the method of magnetic memory it is shown that reduction in thickness of the weld elements has a significant influence on the distribution of residual welding stresses in the zone of longitudinal joint of a lower chord of a bridge box-type span. Change in the number of half-waves of reversal sign of stresses and amplitude of bending stresses oriented perpendicular to the weld plane is assessed in the space between the adjacent longitudinal stiffening ribs of the beam lower chord.
    Keywords: method of magnetic memory, weld, magnetic field, magnitude, intensity factor, half-wave, amplitude, crack formation.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Dubov A. A. Metod magnitnoj pamyati. Istoriya vozniknoveniya i razvitiya. M. : Izvestiya, 2011. 256 s.
    2. Gorickij V. M., Dubov A. A., Demin E. A. Issledovanie strukturnoj povrezhdaemosti stal'nyx obrazcov s ispol'zovaniem metoda magnitnoj pamyati // Kontrol'. Diagnostika. 2000. # 7. S. 23-27.
    3. Gorickij V. M., Gorickij O. V. Analiz prichin treshhinoobrazovaniya v svarnyx soedineniyax glavnyx balok metallokonstrukcij v"ezdnoj ehstakady // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2001. # 6. S. 29-31.
    4. Gorickij V. M., Kulemin A. M. Analiz prichin treshhinoobrazovaniya stali 09G2S pri izgotovlenii svarnogo kozhuxa domennoj pechi // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2005. # 5. S. 29-31.
  • High-Strength Bolts of 12.9 Strength Grade in Field Joints of Building Structures
  • UDC 624.078.2:624.014.2
    Leonid I. GLADSHTEYN, Vladislav M. BABUSHKIN
    The prospect of application and economical efficiency of high-strength bolts of 12.9 and 14.9 strength grades in the field joints of building steel structures are analyzed. The data on new steel grades for bolts of 12.9 and 14.9 strength classes, formulae for computation of friction, friction-shear and shear connections of elements made of high-strength steels with thickness up to 125 mm and above are presented.
    Keywords: strength grade, joint, shear, bearing stress, friction, tension, moment.
  • LITERATURA
    1. SP 16.13330.1011. SNiP II-23-81*. Stal'nye konstrukcii. Aktualizirovannaya redakciya.
    2. Novye vysokoprochnye bolty s prochnost'yu 1400-1600 N/mm2 i s povyshennym soprotivleniem zaderzhannomu razrusheniyu / N. I. Kel'berin, V. I. Mokrinskij, V. I. Sarrak, G. A. Filippov // Razrabotka i issledovanie stali dlya metallicheskix konstrukcij: sb. nauch. tr. M. : CNIIPSK, 1988. S. 39-49.
    3. Yamamoto S. Fujita T. // Kobe Steel Engineering Reports.1968. Vol. 18. # 3. P. 1.
    4. Gladshtejn L. I., Filippov G. A. Bolty s prochnost'yu 1400-1600 N/mm2 s povyshennym soprotivleniem zamedlennomu xrupkomu razrusheniyu // Stal'. 2009. # 7. S. 74-83.
    5. Kimura I., Watanabe T., Honda M. Hiroi R., Usa M. Development of Steels with Exellent Resistance to Delayed Fracture for High - Tension Bolts // Nippon Steel Technical Report Overseas, 1973. # 3, june. P. 67-84.
    6. Issledovanie rabotosposobnosti uzlov ferm autrigernyx ehtazhej kompleksa s frikcionnymi soedineniyami na vysokoprochnyx boltax M27 klassa prochnosti 12.9 / CNIIPSK im. Mel'nikova. M., 2007. 40 s.
    7. STO-0041. Boltovye soedineniya, proektirovanie i raschet / CNIIPSK im. Mel'nikova. M., 2008.
    8. STO-0051. Boltovye soedineniya, izgotovlenie i montazh / CNIIPSK im. Mel'nikova. M., 2011.
    9. Vysokoprochnye bolty dlya stroitel'nyx stal'nyx konstrukcij s kontrolem natyazheniya po srezu torcevogo ehlementa / L. I. Gladshtejn, V. M. Babushkin, B. F. Kakuliya, R. V. Gafurov // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2008. # 5. S. 11-13.
  • The Method of Calculation of a Real Logarithmic Oscillation Decrement of High-Rise Structures
  • UDC 624.042.41:534:69.032.22
    Boris V. OSTROUMOV, Anastasiya I. KARAKOZOVA
    In connection with the problem of finding of a real logarithmic oscillation decrement in SNiP 2.01.07-85* necessary for acceptance of a value of a dynamism factor in the course of designing of structures the method of its calculation on the basis of construction of a range of reactions of the structures to the impact of wind speed pulsations is presented.
    Keywords: wind influence, fluctuations, frequency of fluctuations, logarithmic oscillation decrement, spectral density.
  • LITERATURA
    1. SNiP 2.01.07-85*. Nagruzki i vozdejstviya.
    2. Rukovodstvo po raschetu zdanij i sooruzhenij na dejstvie vetra. M. : Strojizdat, 1978. 217 s.
    3. Ostroumov B. V. Issledovaniya, razrabotka i vnedrenie vysotnyx sooruzhenij s gasitelyami kolebanij : avtoref. dis. : d-ra texn. nauk. M., 2003. 425 s.
    4. Davenport A.G. Gust loading factors // J. of the structural division Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. 1967. June. Vol. 93. P. 11-34.
    5. Mazurin N. F. Statisticheskie xarakteristiki pogranichnogo sloya atmosfery, poluchennye s pomoshh'yu avtomatizirovannogo izmeritel'nogo kompleksa vysotnoj meteorologicheskoj machty : dis. :kand. fiz-mat. nauk. Obninsk, 1974. 206 s.
    6. Ostroumov B. V., Gusev M. A., Bredov A. V. Metodika rascheta vysokix gibkix sooruzhenij s nizkim konstrukcionnym dempfirovaniem na pul'sacionnuyu sostavlyayushhuyu vetrovoj nagruzki // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2008. # 5. S. 9-11.
  • Peculiarities of Operation of Frameless Arch Roofs from Steel Cold-Formed Sections
  • UDC 624.072.327.014.2:691-42
    Maxim A. LIPLENKO, Edward L. AYRUMYAN
    The peculiarities of behavior and design of a bearing steel structure from thin-walled formed sections in frameless arch roofs of buildings with insulation and without it are considered. Variants of constructive decisions for enlargement of a covering span of single layer arch roofs leading to a small reduction in their metal content are presented. An assessment of possible reinforcement of these structures for the purpose of expansion of their using area is made.
    Keywords: cold-formed section, galvanized steel, arch roof, transverse corrugating, light steel thin-walled structures.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Ajrumyan Eh. L., Emelin E. I., Barskov D. P. Ustojchivost' obolochek iz gofrirovannyx stal'nyx profilej / / Promyshlennoe stroitel'stvo. 1990. # 10. S. 18-19.
    2. Ajrumyan Eh. L., Rumyanceva I. A. Prochnost' i nadezhnost' beskarkasnyx arochnyx zdanij iz stal'nyx xolodnognutyx profilej / / Montazhnye i special'nye raboty v stroitel'stve. 1998. # 7-8. S. 12-14.
    3. Armenskij M. Yu., Vedyakov I. I., Eremeev P. G. Issledovaniya i proektirovanie beskarkasnyx arochnyx svodov iz xolodnognutyx stal'nyx tonkolistovyx profilej / / Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. # 3. S. 16-18.
    4. Naturnye ispytaniya fragmenta arochnogo svoda iz xolodnognutyx tonkolistovyx stal'nyx profilej / P. G. Eremeev, D. B. Kiselev, M. Yu. Armenskij, S. I. Burlaj // Montazhnye i special'nye raboty v stroitel'stve. 2004. # 9. S. 5-8.
  •  
  • On the Issue of Designing an Up-to-Date Building for Meteorological Services
  • UDC 727.57:551.5
    └levtina ┼. BALAKINA Yanina B. MOROZOVA
    Large-scale tasks of introduction of new technologies and comprehensive enhancement of operation of tnhe meteorological services are set forth in front of Russia. In conection with it a design of the scientific center's building which meets up-to-date requirements and integrates all basic directions of the meteorological services activity is of interest.
    Keywords: meteorology, weather, natural disasters, architectural-planning solution.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Klimaticheskaya doktrina RF. URL: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/6365 (data obrashheniya: 11.02.2011).
    2. Strategiya deyatel'nosti v oblasti gidrometeorologii i smezhnyx s nej oblastyax na period do 2030 g. s uchetom aspektov izmeneniya klimata. Utverzhdena rasporyazheniem pravitel'stva RF 03.09.2010 g. # 1458-r. URL: http:// meteoinfo.ru /about/strategy2030 (data obrashheniya: 11.02.2011).
    3. Gidrometcentr Rossii. URL: http://meteoinfo.ru/about (data obrashheniya: 31.01.2011).
    4. Ehlektronnaya ehnciklopediya . URL: http://ru.wikipedia.org /wiki/Meteorologiya (daty obrashheniya: 31.01.2011; 15.06.2011).
    5. Dergachev M. S., Zarudnyak A. S. Problemy straxovaniya ob"ektov ot chrezvychajnyx situacij prirodnogo xaraktera (na primere zemletryasenij) // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 11. S. 36-37.
    6. Polyakova L. S., Kasharin D. V. Meteorologiya i klimatologiya. Novocherkassk : NGMA, 2004. S. 6, 12, 86-87.
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  • The Use of Shell Elements for Calculation of Building Steel Structures in the SCAD and Nastran Programs with Due Regard for Geometrical and Physical Nonlinearities
  • UDC 624.014.2.04:681.3
    Andrey V. TEPLYKH
    Computation models with the use of shell end elements have some advantages comparing with the rod models and in some ceases are capable to give a significant effect both from the point of view of optimization of structures and by speed, obviousness and simplicity of obtaining computation results using the up-to-date software packages. The approach offered by the author is illustrated with many examples.
    Keywords: steel structures, computation model, rod end element, shell end element, wall stability, flexible wall, elastic-plastic material, SCAD, Nastran.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Tusnin A. R. Osobennosti chislennogo rascheta konstrukcij iz tonkostennyx strezhnej otkrytogo profilya // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 11. S. 60-63.
    2. Vychislitel'nyj kompleks SCAD / V. S. Karpilovskij, Eh. Z. Kriksunov, A. A. Malyarenko [i dr.]. M. : SKAD SOFT, 2009. 656 s.
    3. Rychkov S. P. MSC.Visual Nastran dlya Windows. M. : NT Press, 2004. 552 s.
    4. SNiP II-23-81*. Stal'nye konstrukcii.
    5. Posobie po proektirovaniyu stal'nyx konstrukcij (k SNiP II-23-81* "Stal'nye konstrukcii") / CNIISK im. V. A. Kucherenko. M. : CITP Gosstroya SSSR, 1989. 148 s.
    6. Metallicheskie konstrukcii. V 3 t. T. 1. Obshhaya chast' / pod obshh. red. V. V. Kuznecova (CNIIproektstal'konstrukciya). M. : ASV. 1998. (Spravochnik proektirovshhika). 576 s.
  • Study of Strength and Deformation Characteristics of Soil Cement Depending on Technological Parameters of Jet Cementation
  • UDC 624.15
    Alexey G. MALININ, Iliya L. GLADKOV, Alexey A. ZHEMCHUGOV
    The results of experimental studies of strength and deformation characteristics of soil cement depending on characteristics of jet geotechnology are presented. A series of experimental works on construction of soil cement columns in sandy ground has been carried out. Samples of soil cement material have been selected, and laboratory studies have been conducted. Dependencies of a deformation module value as well as strengths of soil cement at compression and tension depending on cement consumption have been obtained.
    Keywords: jet cementation, soil cement column, soil cement strength, soil cement deformation module, laboratory studies.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Malinin A. G., Chernopazov S. A., Zhemchugov A. A. Metody rascheta predel'nogo izgibayushhego momenta v gruntobetonnoj svae pri uprugom i zhestkoplasticheskom soprotivlenii izgibu // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2008. # 8. S. 41-43.
    2. Malinin A. G. Strujnaya cementaciya gruntov. M. : Strojizdat, 2010. 226 s.
    3. Malinin A. G., Gladkov I. L., Malinin D. A. Ehksperimental'nye issledovaniya parametrov strujnoj texnologii v razlichnyx gruntovyx usloviyax // Geotexnicheskie problemy megapolisov : tr. mezhdunar. konf. po geotexnike (Moskva, 7-10 dek. 2010 g.) M., 2010. T. 5. S. 1809-1812.
  •  
  • Organizational-Technological Foundations of Determining the Priority of Investment Schemes in Terms of Large-Scale Construction
  • UDC 69.003:658.012.22:725.31\33
    Gennady N. TALASHKIN, Aleksandr V. KABANOV, Andrey A. KABANOV
    The article offers the regulation models and methods of organization of construction of large transport objects built within the scope of target programs. The feature of target models and methods is a possibility to determine the priority parts of large transport objects for putting into commission as well as rates of priority target construction flows, possibility of optimal redistribution of financial resources within the frame of the target program, possibility of target mutual cooperation of all participants of construction.
    Keywords: transport objects, target program, financial resources.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Gusakov A. A. Osnovy proektirovaniya organizacii stroitel'nogo proizvodstva (v usloviyax ASU). M. : Strojizdat,1977. 286 s.
    2. Pospelov G. S., Irikov V. A. Programmno-celevoe planirovanie i upravlenie. M. : Sovetskoe radio, 1976. 464 s.
    3. Budnikov M. S., Nedavnij P. I., Rybal'skij V. I. Osnovy potochnogo stroitel'stva. Kiev : Budivel'nik, 1961. 414 s.
    4. Kabanov A. V. Sovershenstvovanie organizacionno-texnologicheskogo proektirovaniya pri stroitel'stve krupnyx transportnyx ob"ektov // Vestnik grazhdanskix inzhenerov. 2007. # 4. S. 49-55.
  •  
  • Features of Formation of the Temperature Field in Concrete Hardening Under Conditions of a Hot Climate
  • UDC 69.058.7:666.972:69(213)
    Viktor D. KOPYLOV, Quy Duc NGUYEN
    The article examines the formation of the temperature field in the construction of monolithic concrete structures under high ambient temperature. In particular, the results of experiments on the effect of elevated ambient temperature on the change in temperature of concrete in structures of varying massiveness made from mixtures of different composition. Establish influence of environmental temperature, the module open surface of construct and consumption of cement on the formation of the temperature field by its volume. In order to avoid significant temperature changes affecting the structure and properties of concrete, it is recommended to insulate the surface of monolithic structures which are built in hot climates.
    Keywords: concrete, temperature, hot climate, the structure of concrete, properties of concrete.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Kopylov V. D., Xo Ngok Kxoa. Poteri vlagi betonom, tverdeyushhim v usloviyax zharkogo vlazhnogo klimata // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. # 6. S. 22-23.
    2. Kopylov V. D. Obespechenie prochnosti betona, tverdeyushhego v usloviyax suxogo zharkogo klimata // Sb. nauch. tr. 1-j Vseros. konf. po problemam betona i zhelezobetona "Beton na rubezhe tret'ego tysyacheletiya" (sentyabr' 2001 g.). M., 2001. Kn. 2. S. 1200-1204.
    3. Kopylov V. D., Abdulloev D. A. Temperaturnye izmeneniya v betone, tverdeyushhem v usloviyax suxogo zharkogo klimata // Arxit. i str-vo Uzbekistana. 1985. # 7. S. 35-38.
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  • Effective Choice of Soil Conditioners as well as Conditioning Parameters for Shield Tunneling
  • UDC 624.193.66:622.232.8
    Sergey A. NEMKOV, Andrey I. ZAKORSHMENNY, Tatiyana Yu. KUCHEROVA
    Up-to-date shield complexes demand the use of special soil conditioners for smooth and reliable regulation of pressure on a face that makes it possible to reduce the influence of tunneling on buildings and structures near the construction site. An approach and complex of works on selection of soil conditioners and parameters of their use during the tunneling for reliable maintain of a face, absence of earth surface settlements in the zone of construction influence as well as reduction in expenditures for maintenance of a tunneling complex are presented on the example of construction of the inclined escalator tunnel of the źMar'ina Roshcha╗ metro station.
    Keywords: soil conditioning, conditioning parameters, shield boring complexes with earth pressure balance.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Remizov A. A. Shhitovaya proxodka tonnelej // Strojprofil'. # 8 (54). 2006. S. 73-75.
    2. Makarevich G. V. Shhity s grunto- i gidroprigruzom. Preimushhestva i nedostatki raboty na TPMK s razlichnymi prigruzami zaboya // Metro i tonneli. 2004. # 1. S. 22-25.
    3. Zakorshmennyj A. I., Nemkov S. A., Fajzraxmanov N. G. Opyt primeneniya otechestvennyx kondicionerov grunta pri proxodke tonnelya metropolitena v izmenyayushhixsya gorno-gidrogeologicheskix usloviyax // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 1. S. 37-40.
    4. Mair R. J. Tunnelling and geotechnics: new horizons // Geotechnique. 2008. Vol. 58. # 9. P. 695-736.
  •  
  • About Application of New Steels in Unique Metal Structures
  • UDC 691.714:69.001.5
    Ivan I. VEDYAKOV, Pavel D. ODESSKY,
    Klaus FORKHEIM, Vladimir U. KULIK

    New steels of large thickness used for metal structures of unique building objects are studied. The correspondence between the results of tests of large simulation samples and standard samples is established. The requirements for rolled steel included in special building specifications for unique constructions designing with the use of rolled steel of large thickness are presented.
    Keywords: steel constructions, rolled steel of large thickness, engineering properties, requirements for rolled steel, special building specifications.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Pokrytie Bol'shoj sportivnoj areny stadiona "Luzhniki" v g. Moskve (Proektirovanie, nauchnye issledovaniya i stroitel'stvo). M. : Forteh, 1998. 144 s.
    2. Kidyaev S. V., Odesskij P. D. Svojstva tolstolistovogo prokata iz nepreryvnolityx zagotovok // Stal'. 2007. # 4. S. 71-74.
    3. Odesskij P. D., Kulik D. V. Stal' novogo pokoleniya v unikal'nyx sooruzheniyax. M. : Intermet Inzhiniring, 2005. 176 s.
    4. Rauzin L. S., Shur E. A. Konstruktivnaya prochnost' stali. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1975. 58 s.
    5. Shabalov I. P., Morozov Yu. D., Ehfron L. I. Stali dlya trub i stroitel'nyx konstrukcij s povyshennymi ehkspluatacionnymi svojstvami. M. : Metallurgizdat, 2005. 520 s.
    6. Maxutov N. A. Deformacionnye kriterii i raschety ehlementov konstrukcij na prochnost'. M. : Mashinostroenie, 1981. 272 s.
    7. Odesskij P. D., Kulik D. V. Stali s vysokim soprotivleniem ehkstremal'nym vozdejstviyam. M. : Intermet Inzhiniring, 2008. 239 s.
    8. Odesskij P. D., Solov'ev D. V., Forxajm K. Ocenka soprotivleniya prokata dlya metallicheskix konstrukcij rasprostraneniyu treshhin // Deformaciya i razrushenie materialov. 2005. # 9. S. 11-19.
    9. Odesskij P. D., Vedyakov I. I., Forxajm K. Ob ocenke temperatury nulevoj plastichnosti prokata dlya metallicheskix konstrukcij // Stroitel'naya mexanika i raschet sooruzhenij. 2006. # 3. S. 65-70.
    10. Odesskij P. D., Kulik D. V., Forxajm K. O normativnoj ocenke nizhnej kriticheskoj temperatury vyazko-xrupkogo perexoda tolstolistovyx stalej dlya konstrukcij otvetstvennogo naznacheniya // Deformaciya i razrushenie materialov. 2006. # 12. S. 26-32.
    11. Odesskij P. D., Forxajm K., Kulik D. V. Ocenka inzhenernyx svojstv prokata bol'shix tolshhin dlya stroitel'nyx konstrukcij // Stal'. 2009. # 8. S. 9-77.
    12. Forxajm K., Vedyakov I. I., Odesskij P. D. Ocenka soprotivleniya xrupkim razrusheniyam prokata bol'shix tolshhin dlya stal'nyx konstrukcij unikal'nyx zdanij i sooruzhenij // Aktual'nye problemy issledovanij po teorii sooruzhenij: sb. nauch. statej v 2 ch. Ch. 2. M. : OAO CPP, 2009. S. 91-99.
    13. Gladshtejn L. I., Odesskij P. D., Vedyakov I. I. Sloistoe razrushenie stalej i svarnyx soedinenij. M. : Internet Inzhiniring. 2009. 256 s.
    14. Odesskij P. D. Stali v unikal'nyx i vysotnyx zdaniyax: razvitie problemy za 50 let // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2007. # 3. S. 10-13.
  • Special Technologies of Construction of Buildings' Foundations on Territories with Water Saturated Clay Soils
  • UDC 624.151.2
    Evgeny A. FILIMONOV, Andrey A. USTINOV
    Results of studies of efficient techniques of construction of building foundations on water saturated clay soils are presented. Regularities of soil deformation at various moist conditions and loadings are investigated. It is established that in the course of construction of structures on loose water saturated clay soils it is necessary to develop the measures for improvement of foundations with due regard for a foundation type, character of stratification, type of soils and their physical-mechanical properties, structural features of facilities.
    Keywords: building, design, soil, geology, vibration, safety.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Abelev M. Yu. Stroitel'stvo promyshlennyx i grazhdanskix sooruzhenij na slabyx vodonasyshhennyx gruntax. M. : Strojizdat, 1983. 248 s.
    2. Abelev M. Yu. Osobennosti stroitel'stva sooruzhenij na slabyx vodonasyshhennyx gruntax // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2010. # 3. S. 12-13.
    3. Vil'man Yu. A. Texnologiya stroitel'nyx processov i vozvedeniya zdanij. Sovremennye progressivnye metody. M. : ASV, 2005. 336 s.
  •  
  • Energy Saving in Pipeline Systems of Maintenance Engineering of Buildings
  • UDC 628.8:697.317.2
    Aleksandr L. NAUMOV, Olga S. SUD'INA
    An analysis of energy consumption in the course of transportation of working media in pipeline systems of buildings defines the optimum values of velocities. For optimum velocities the sizes of linear sections of pipelines and air lines are set. Economic indicators are the basic criteria of energy efficiency of pipeline networks of a building.
    Keywords: heating system, ventilation system, energy consumption, energy efficiency, reduced expenses.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Skanavi A. N., Maxov L. M. Otoplenie. M. : ASV, 2002. 575 s.
    2. Evtixiev N. N. Inzhenernoe oborudovanie ehnergetiki budushhego // Ehnergosberezhenie. 2006. # 6. S. 12.
    3. Kalicun V. I., Kedrov V. S., Laskov Yu. M. Gidravlika, vodosnabzhenie i kanalizaciya. M. : Strojizdat, 1999. 396 s.
    4. Inzhenernoe obespechenie vysotnyx zdanij / pod obshh. red. M. M. Brodach. M. : AVOK-PRESS, 2007. 320 s.
    5. Naumov A. L., Sud'ina O. S. Vliyanie skorostej dvizheniya rabochej sredy v truboprovodnyx setyax na ehnergoehffektivnost' inzhenernyx sistem zdaniya // Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo. 2011. # 1. S. 42-44.
  •  
  • Principles of Formation of Energy-Efficient Buildings in Vietnam
  • UDC 721.01.011:628.8(597)
    Hong Loan NGUYEN
    The main directions of development of energy-efficient buildings in Vietnam with due regard for local conditions, world experience in źgreen architecture╗ and popular architecture are revealed on the example of Ho Chi Minh City. Specific architectural-construction solutions for designing the energy-saving buildings (ventilation, protection against radiation, use of natural lighting, optimization of a building form et al.) are recommended.
    Key words: energy-efficient buildings, źgreen architecture╗, microclimate in a building, Vietnam.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Firsanov V. M. Arxitektura grazhdanskix zdanij v usloviyax zharkogo klimata. M. : Vyssh. shk., 1971. 271 s.
    2. Tabunshhikov Yu. A., Brodach M. M., Shilkin N. V. Ehnergoehffektivnye zdaniya. M. : AVOK-PRESS, 2003. 199 s.
    3. Dehvis A., Shubert R. Al'ternativnye prirodnye istochniki ehnergii v stroitel'nom proektirovanii / per. s angl. A. S. Guseva; pod red. Eh. V. Sarnackogo. M. : Strojizdat, 1983. 190 s.
  • Features of Planning of Economical Flats in Vietnam
  • UDC 721.01.011:728.222(597)
    Van Tin NGUYEN
    Features of planning of a residential cell in Vietnam are analyzed, and foreign experience in planning of economical apartments is considered. The basic architectural-planning decisions of flats for mass urban housing in Vietnam are recommended. A necessity of the use of such structural-planning schemes which will make it possible to modernize the flats when the level of well-being of the people will be improved is noted.
    Key words: planning, residential multistory houses, economical apartment, space, Vietnam.
  • LITERATURA
    1. Nguen V. D., Nguen X. X. Maloehtazhnaya gorodskaya zastrojka i zemledel'cheskaya funkciya gorodskogo naseleniya // Vestnik grazhdanskix inzhenerov. 2006. # 4 (9). S. 12-18.
    2. Nguen D. T. Sbornik istorii arxitektury V'etnama. Xanoj : Stroitel'stvo, 2002. 272 s.
    3. Nguen D. T. Arxitektura zhilyx zdanij. Xanoj : Stroitel'stvo, 2006. 308 s.