Contents of issue ¹ 4 (april) 2011
- «Mosproekt-3» Celebrates the Fiftieth Anniversary
- Igor G. Biryukov
- Safety of Sports Facilities of the Olympic Games-2014 and Prospects of Modernization of the Big Sochi
- UDC 725.85/.89:699.8
Àshot G. TAMRAZYAN
The review of under construction sports constructions and an infrastructure of the Olympic Games 2014 is spent. Generalization between ratings of cities where the Olympic games were spent is spent. It is shown that the scientific approach to a problem of safety demands carrying out of the complex analysis.
Keywords: sports constructions, a rating of comfortable cities, complex safety of the Olympic objects.
- Interests of Buyers as a System of Requirements to the Architectural-Artistic Environment of Shopping & Entertainment Centers
- UDC [725.214+725.71+725.824+725.84]:658.6
Olga Klimentina N. LUKASH
A principle of interaction of a person (as a consumer of environment) and the shopping & entertainment centers' environment (SEC) is considered. It is a multilateral process based on the evaluation of a trading space by a customer. What factors influence perception of a buyer and on what it depends, how it affects the formation of architectural-artistic image of SEC, how its environment can affect the decision on purchases are established.
Keywords: architectural environment of SEC, consumer groups, motifs (of purchase), needs, emotional-psychological aspect, associations, stereotypes of trade environment, stereotypes of perception, over sufficient properties.
- Integration of Religious Facilities into the Structure of a Large Multifunctional Complex
- UDC 726.27-523.4:728.46(470.23-25)
Maria S. IVINA
A ñhange in the role of religious facilities in the urban development is noted. A proposal for development of a space-planning structure of Orthodox cult buildings is substantiated during the analysis of composite-town-planning characteristics of the mass urban development and finds its functional-constructive substantiations.
Keywords: town-planning dominants, family chapels, functional-constructional solutions, cult architecture.
- Psychological Issues of Implementing the Methodology of Construction Project Management
- UDC 005.32:159.9:62
Veronika A. ARTEMIEVA, Sergey V. BOVTEEV
The problems interfering with the introduction of up-to-date control systems in the building organizations are analyzed. The motivation of the staff and the behaviour of employees at the prospects of changes in a company are considered. It is proposed to use the E. Goldratt's model "Six layers of resistance" for solution of the problems of resistance of the construction organization's employees to changes.
Keywords: project management methodology, implementing of project management system, staff motivation, resistance to changes.
- Study of Folded-Plate Reinforced Concrete Roofs Which Are Beyond the Limit State
- UDC 624.074:624.04
Evgeny V. OSOVSKIKH, Vitaly I. KOLCHUNOV, Pavel A. AFONIN
Results of experimental studies and numerical simulation of straining and failure of folded-plate reinforced concrete roofs of the operating industrial buildings which are in an out-of-limit state are presented. It is proposed to carry out an analysis of survivability of these systems in the process of development of projects of such roofs along with the traditional methods of verifying calculations with due regard for limit states.
Keywords: folded-plate reinforced concrete roofs, straining, failure, survivability of structures, structural safety.
- Scientific-Technical Support of Designing and Construction of Bearing Structures of Unique Buildings and Facilities
- UDC 624.014.2
Ivan I. VEDYAKOV, Pavel G. EREMEEV,
Dmitry B. KISELEV, Pavel D. ODESSKY
The experience in scientific-technical support (STS) of designing and construction of bearing structures of unique buildings and facilities is summarized. The tasks of STS are formulated; main propositions of their decision are presented: development of "Special Technical Specifications" and scientific support at all stages of designing; investigation of a physical model of a structure, tests of complicated full-scale units; development of recommendations for protection against an avalanche-type (progressing) collapse at emergency impacts; scientific support of manufacturing and assembling of a structure; monitoring at stages of construction and operation of a facility.
Keywords: unique buildings and facilities, bearing structures, scientific support of designing and construction.
- Experimental Research of Contact Strength between Reinforcing Element's and Cement Stone
- UDC 624.154:725.821:624.131.2
Aleksey G. MALININ, Dmitry A. MALININ
Results of the experimental study of using the different types of hollow metal reinforcing bars in the course of construction of self-drilling ground anchors and micro-piles are presented. The test results show that adhesion of metal with cement exceeds adhesion of piles with soil.
Keywords: "Atlant" ground anchor; "Titan" ground anchor; micro-piles; adhesion; contact strength; smooth bar; bar with rolled screw thread; reinforcement.
- On the Issue of Possibility of Using the Walls Made of Cellular Concrete Blocks in Seismic Areas
- UDC 691.327
Arkady V. GRANOVSKY, Bulat K. DZHAMUEV
On the basis of experimental research in the strength of masonry made of cellular concrete blocks using cement mortar and the glued composition YTONG during axial stretching, cutting, stretching at bending and skew it is concluded, that the use of wall masonry made of cellular cement blocks (concrete of B3.5 class) is acceptable for buildings constructed in seismic areas of Russia.
Keywords: cellular concrete blocks, seismic areas, cement mortar, glued composition, masonry strength, experimental sample.
- Simulation of Changes in Operational Condition of Highways Taking into Account Qualitative Information
- UDC 625.72
Dmitry A. SKOROBAGATCHENKO
The technique of simulation of changes in the operational condition of highways is proposed. This technique makes it possible to use the potential of fuzzy logic for processing of qualitative information. Advantage of this approach is a possibility of elimination of the subjectivity inherent to a logical-linguistic model of predictions on the basis of implementation of the training procedures of a fuzzy neural network.
Keywords: highways, operational condition, forecasting of changes in operating conditions, fuzzy neural networks.
- Standardization of Tests of Materials and Products in Road Construction
- UDC 691.161
Yury E. VASILIEV, Vladimir V. KAMENEV,
Igor B. CHELPANOV, Sofia P. ARZHANUKHINA
Modern approaches to standardization of tests of materials and products in a road economy are presented. Issues of the application of new principles of technical regulation with due regard for the assessment of a degree of risk and degree of damage caused are considered.
Keywords: standardization, road-building materials, tests.
- Historical Aspects of Self-Regulation and the Self-Organizing Concept in Practice of Technical Regulation
- UDC 69.003
Michail J. SLESAREV, Alexey V. ÑHERNYSHEV
Authors result the retrospective review of formation of self-regulation as sciences about self-organizing, formulate various concepts of self-regulation and self-organizing in processes of technical regulation in aspects of problems of stability of development and ecological safety of systems of regulation in building branch.
Keywords: self-regulation, self-organizing, an innovation, a sustainable development, technical regulation, ecological safety, ecological monitoring, ecological management, marketing, researches, designing, building.
- Fundamentals of Technical Regulation of Self-Regulatory Organizations in Construction
- UDC 69.33/34
Victoria G. BORKOVSKAYA
In accordance with the Federal Law "On Self-Regulatory Organizations" the self-regulation should replace the licensing in construction activities. The schemes of self-regulation, goals and objectives confronting the self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are considered. Principles which the rules and standards of SRO of the building branch must correspond to are presented.
Keywords: self-regulatory organizations, legal basis in construction, technical regulation, standardization.
- Durability of Cellular Concrete on the Basis of Broken Glass
- UDC 691.327:666
Svetlana N. BOGATOVA, Andrey D. BOGATOV, Vladimir T. EROFEEV
In the article the results of the research into durability of cellular concrete on the basis of broken glass. Quantitative indices of changing of stability coefficient in water, aqueous solutions of acids and alkalis. Explored stability of the material an environment of microorganism influence are chosen.
Keywords: broken glass, composite, durability, biological resistance.
- Organization of Introduction of Perspective Technologies under the Conditions of Existing Industrial Structures
- UDC 69.05:330.837:332
Sergey M. AGEEV, Gabil Ya. ZEYNIEV
At present the transfer of results of the up-to-date scientific investigations to the building industry is a very important task. However, construction works comparing with other branches of industry have a number of features demanding the search of new forms of organization of transferring the innovative technologies to a construction site directly. The article analyses the proposals aimed at improvement of organization of the transfer of innovative technologies with due regard for features of the building industry.
Keywords: construction, reconstruction, innovation, transfer, criterion function, matrix of ranging.
- Anatoly Fisenko and Albert Kan
- UDC 725.42"193"
Mark G. MEEROVICH
On the example of creative development of A. S. Fisenko and A. Kan, Russian and American architects, the contribution of each of them to the formation of the Soviet industrial architecture in 1930s is analyzed. The introduction of the line-conveyer method of designing has favored the fulfillment of the first five-year plans and become a basis of designing for many decades.
Key words: organization of designing, experience of line industrial designing, technology of accelerated designing, principles of modular coordination, standardization and unification.